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Vibration Analysis

Free Vibration with Pre-Stress Training Manual

In free vibration with pre-stress analyses, internally, two

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iterations are automatically performed:
A linear static analysis is initially performed:

K xo F
Based on the stress state from the static analysis, a stress
stiffness matrix [S] is calculated:

o S
The free vibration with pre-stress analysis is then solved, including
the [S] term

K S i M i 0
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Vibration Analysis
Procedure w/ Pre-Stress Effects Training Manual

To perform a free vibration with pre-stress analysis (a.k.a.

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prestressed modal analysis), it is the same as running a
regular free vibration analysis with the following
exceptions:
A load (structural and/or thermal) must be applied to
determine what the initial stress state of the structure is.
Results for the linear static structural analysis may also be
requested under the Solution branch, not the Frequency
Finder branch
A stress or strain result requested under the Frequency Finder
branch will be relative stress/strain values for a particular mode
A stress or strain (or displacement) result requested under the
Solution branch will be absolute stress/strain/displacement values
for the statically applied load

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Vibration Analysis
Example w/ Pre-Stress Effects Training Manual

Consider a simple comparison of a thin plate fixed at one

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end
Two analyses will be run free vibration and free vibration
with pre-stress effects to compare the differences between
the two.
Free Vibration Free Vibration with Pre-Stress

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Vibration Analysis
Example w/ Pre-Stress Effects Training Manual

Notice that the only difference of running

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a free vibration analysis with or without
pre-stress is the existence of a load
If a Frequency Finder tool is present and a
load is present, Simulation knows that a
Free Vibration with Pre-Stress analysis
will be performed.
If results such as displacement, stress, or
strains are requested directly underneath
the Solution branch, the results from the
linear static analysis can be reported.

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Professional x Inventory #002215
Structural x
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Vibration Analysis
Example w/ Pre-Stress Effects Training Manual

In this example, with the applied force, a tensile stress state

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is produced, thus increasing the natural frequencies, as
illustrated below

Free Vibration Free Vibration with Pre-Stress


1st mode frequency: 141 Hz 1st mode frequency: 184 Hz

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DesignSpace Entra x
DesignSpace x March 29, 2005
Professional x Inventory #002215
Structural x
Mechanical/Multiphysics x 5-5
Vibration Analysis
D. Workshop 5.2 Prestressed Modal Training Manual

Workshop 5.2 Prestressed Modal Analysis

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Goal: simulate the modal response of the tension link
(shown below) in both a stressed and unstressed state.

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