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PVC

Poly(vinyl chloride), commonly abbreviated PVC, is the third most


widely produced plastic, after polyethylene and polypropylene.

PVC is used in construction because it is more effective than


traditional materials such as copper, iron or wood in pipe and
profile applications. It can be made softer and more flexible by the
addition of plasticizers, the most widely used being phthalates.

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SOME OTHER CHARACTERISTICS

Compatibility with additives


Durability

Fire resistance

Electrical insulation

Oil and chemical resistance

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PROPERTIES
PVC polymer is chemically stable,
neutral and non- toxic.

PVC's major benefit is its


compatibility with many different
kinds of additives, making it a
highly versatile polymer.

PVC has excellent electrical


insulation properties, good impact
strength and weatherproof
attributes 3
Physical Properties of
PVC
PROPERTY RIGID PVC FLEXIBLE PVC
Density(g/cm^3) 1.31.45 1.11.35

Thermal conductivity(W/(m-K)) 0.140.28 0.140.17

Yield strength(psi) 4500 - 8700 1450 - 3600

Youngs modulus(psi) 490,000

Flexural strength(yield)(psi) 10,500

Compression strength(psi) 9500

Coefficient of thermal expansion 5105


(/C)
Resistivity [ m] 1016 10121015

Surface resistivity [] 10131014 10111012


Mechanical properties

PVC has high hardness and mechanical properties.


The mechanical properties enhance with the molecular
weight increasing, but decrease with the temperature
increasing.
The elastic modulus can reach to 1500-3,000 MPa.
The soft PVC (Flexible PVC) elastic is 1.5-15 MPa.
However, elongation at break is up to 200% -450%. PVC
friction is ordinary, the static friction factor is 0.4-0.5,
the dynamic friction factor is 0.23.
Mechanical properties
Creep Modulus For PVC, the modulus or stress/strain relationship must
be considered in the context of the rate or duration of loading and the
temperature.

Abrasion Resistance
Plastics generally show excellent performance under abrasive conditions.
Thermal properties
The heat stability of PVC is very poor, when the
temperature reaches 140 C PVC starts to
decompose.
Its melting temperature is 160 C.
The linear expansion coefficient of the PVC is small
and has flame retardancy, the oxidation index is up
to 45 or more.
Therefore, the addition of a heat stabilizer during
the process is necessary in order to ensure the
product's properties.
Electrical properties

PVC is a polymer with good insulation properties but


because of its higher polar nature the electrical
insulating property is inferior to non polar polymers
such
as polyethylene and polypropylene.
As the dielectric constant, dielectric loss tangent
value and volume resistivity are high, the corona
resistance is not very good, it is generally suitable for
medium or low voltage and low frequency insulation
materials.
TYPES OF PVC

Upvc (Unplasticized Polyvinyl Chloride)


Cpvc (Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride)

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Types of pvc
Upvc Cpvc
(Unplasticized Polyvinyl Chloride) (Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride)
Unplasticized Polyvinyl CPVC stands for Chlorinated Polyvinyl
Chloride Pipes (UPVC) can be Chloride (that extra chlorination makes all
used in a wide range of the difference), and is distinctive for its
applications including yellowish colour.
electrical and telephone This plastic pipe is somewhat flexible and
cables, sewer pipes and has thinner walls than standard PVC,
potable water supply. though is more resistant to heat, and
It has an advantage over PVC works well for hot water supply
in that it offers less resistance applications.
to flow than conventional CPVC also has an advantage over PVC in
pipes resulting in minimal flow colder climates in that it acts as an
loss. insulator, thus preventing cold water pipes
Commonly use for doors and from forming condensation when water
temps get very low.
windows frames .
USES OF UPVC
Unplasticized Polyvinyl Chloride Pipes (UPVC) can
be used in a wide range of applications including
electrical and telephone cables, sewer pipes and
potable water supply.
It has an advantage over PVC in that it offers less
resistance to flow than conventional pipes resulting
in minimal flow loss. This is achieved by the
manufacturing process that results in a smooth
inner wall.
Commonly use for doors and windows frames

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USES OF CPVC
CPVC stands for Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride
(that extra chlorination makes all the difference),
and is distinctive for its yellowish colour.
This plastic pipe is somewhat flexible and has
thinner walls than standard PVC, though is more
resistant to heat, and works well for hot water
supply applications.
CPVC also has an advantage over PVC in colder
climates in that it acts as an insulator, thus
preventing cold water pipes from forming
condensation when water temps get very low.
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Application near ourselves
APPLICATIONS OF PVC
Unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride)(upvc)for
construction
Flooring

Pipes

Covering

Cable

Window frames

Fascia and weatherboarding

Also used in
In Medical Applications
Pvc In Transport
Pvc In Toys
Pvc In Packaging
Pvc In Art And Design, Wallpapers 14
CHARACTERISTICS OF PVC

Pvc is a plastic that can be


manufactured in different
colors, rigidity or flexibility and
is utilized in products across a
range of industries, including
automotive, building,
electrical, electronic, medical
and packing products.

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WHY USE PVC IN BUILDING?

STRENGTH , SEE THE RIGIDITY MODULUS !


WEATHER RESISTANCE IN ALL CLIMATES

WELL ADAPTED TO SPECIFIC USE (E.G. PIPES)

DURABILITY FROM 30 TO > 100 YEARS

COMPETITIVE COST !

RECYCLABLE

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FLOORING

PLUMBING
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ROOFS

CABLE
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WINDOW FRAMES,DOOR,FASAD OR ELEVATION.

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ADVANTAGES OF WINDOW
LOWER ENERGY COSTS. VINYL WINDOWS KEEP HEAT IN DURING WINTER
AND OUT DURING SUMMER. THIS REDUCES HEATING AND AIR
CONDITIONING USAGE FOR LOWER ENERGY BILLS.

MAINTENANCE FREE. VINYL WINDOWS ARE NEARLY 100 PERCENT


SCRATCH FREE. THEY NEVER HAVE TO BE PAINTED, SCRAPED, OR
STAINED AND THEYRE EASILY CLEANED WITH SOAP AND WATER.
BECAUSE THEYRE RESISTANT TO THE ELEMENTS, THEY DONT AGE AS
FAST AS OTHER WINDOWS.

INEXPENSIVE. VINYL IS THE LEAST EXPENSIVE OF ALL WINDOW


MATERIALS, BUT THIS DOESNT MEAN VINYL WINDOWS ARE LOW
QUALITY. VINYL IS DURABLE, AND IT WONT RUST OR CORRODE.

VARIETY. VINYL WINDOWS HAVE MANY COLOR, SIZE, AND STYLE


OPTIONS. THEY CAN ALSO BE CUSTOM MADE. COLORS RANGE FROM
CHAMPAGNE TO FOREST GREEN, AND SIZES RANGE WIDELY. VINYL50
WINDOWS ARE AVAILABLE IN STYLES FROM AWNING TO PICTURE.
DISADVANTAGES OF WINDOW
VULNERABILITY. IN EXTREME WEATHER CONDITIONS VINYL CAN
DISCOLOR. THIS IS ESPECIALLY TRUE IN INTENSE HEAT. THEY CANT BE
REPAINTED, SO WHEN THIS HAPPENS, THE WINDOW HAS TO BE
REPLACED.

CUSTOMIZATION COSTS. VINYL WINDOWS ARE DIFFICULT TO SHAPE, SO


MANUFACTURERS USE A PROCESS CALLED EXTRUSION TO GET THE JOB
DONE. FOR STANDARD WINDOWS THE COSTS ARE MINIMAL, BUT
CUSTOM WINDOWS CAN COST MORE DEPENDING ON THE SCALE OF
THE PROJECT.

LOW RESALE VALUE. VINYL WINDOWS DONT ADD AS MUCH VALUE TO


THE HOME AS DO OTHER TYPES OF WINDOW REPLACEMENTS.

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FLOORING
Flexible PVC flooring is inexpensive and used in a variety of
buildings covering the home, hospitals, offices, schools, etc.
Complex and 3D designs are possible due to the prints that
can be created which are then protected by a clear wear
layer. A middle vinyl foam layer also gives a comfortable and
safe feel.
The smooth, tough surface of the upper wear layer prevents
the build up of dirt which prevents microbes from breeding in
areas that need to be kept sterile, such as hospitals and
clinics.
Benefits of PVC flooring
Durable
Freedom of aesthetic effects available in a wide range
of colours and patterns
Ease of installation, easy to clean
Easily recyclable
Variable thickness
PVC PLUMBING MATERIAL
Pipes
PVC pipes have been in use for over 60 years. When compared
with traditional pipe materials, PVC offers valuable energy
savings during production, low cost distribution and a safe,
maintenance-free lifetime of service.
PVC pipes will not degrade to damage the environment and
suffer fewer breaks / leaks than other alternatives.

PVC is widely specified for pipeline systems for water, waste and
drainage due to its a theoretical service life of hundreds of years
for buried pipes. PVC pipes suffer no build-up, pitting, scaling or
corrosion and provide smooth surfaces reducing energy
requirements for pumping.
REDUCER TEE
TEE (SOC) (SOC)

SIZE (MM) SIZE (MM)


15,20,25,32,40,50,,150 20*15,25*15,.,50*40.
RS. 14.70 TO 87.10
RS. 10.30 RS. TO 1115
RS USE REDUCER TEE IN

USE TEE JOINT IN


ONE SIDE 15MM SO
THREE SIDES FOR ANOTHER TWO SIDE
JOINT WITH PIPE AND 20MM THATS CALLED
ALL SIDESHAVE THE REDUCER TEE.
SAME SIZE.

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ELBOW 90 (SOC) BRASS ELBOW
SIZE (MM) - SIZE(MM)
15,20,25,32,.,150 15*15,20*20,,25*20
RS. 7.80 RS TO 820.00 RS. -76.00 TO 135.00
RS USE ONE SIDE OF
USE 90 DEGREE TURN BRASS
USED FOR SMALL
TURN.

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ELBOW 90 (THREAD)
SIZE(MM) 15,20,25,,50
RS. -8.50 TO 54.10
USE ONE SIDE OF THREAD AND 90 DEGREE
TURN.

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ELBOW 45 (SOC) CROSS(SOC)
SIZE (MM) SIZE (MM) 15,20
15,20,25,..,50 RS. 13.20 RS TO 18.50
RS. -8.50 RS TO 49.70 USE CROSS JOINT
USE 45 DEGREE FOUR SIDE JOINT
TURN. AVAILABLE.

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REDUCER
COUPLER(SOC)
COUPLING(SOC)
SIZE(MM) - SIZE(MM)
15,20,25,32,,150 20*15,25*15,.,50*40
RS. -5.20RS TO 447.00 RS. 7.25RS TO 39.00
RS USE ONE SIDE 25MM
USE JOINT TWO SO ANOTHER 15. USE
PIPES TWO SIDE FOR HIGH TO LAW
AVAILABLE. WATER SUPPLY THAS
CALLED REDUCER .

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FAPT (PVC THREAD)

SIZE 15,20,25,.,100
RS. 5.20RS TO 158.00RS

USE JOINT
TWO LINES IN TIGHT FI
TTING
BOTH SIDES HAVE A
THREAD.

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FABT (BRASS THREAD ) MAPT (MALE) ( BRASS PVC
(FEMALE) THREAD)

SIZE(MM) SIZE (MM)


15,20,25,32,..,50,25*15 15,20,,50,25*15
RS. -80.30RS TO296.30 RS. 4.10RS TO 161.00RS
RS USE- ONE SIDE JOINT
USE ONE SIDE JOINT WITH FABT BRASS
WITH MAPT BRASS THREAD AND ANOTHER
T RHREAD AND ANOTHE WITH PIPE.
J OINT WITH PIPE.

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BALL VALVE
SIZE (MM) 15,20,25,..,50
RS. 111.00RS TO 629.00RS

USE UP SIDE JOINT WITH VALVE FOR CLOSE


WATER SUPPLY.

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END CAP (SOC)
SIZE (MM) 15,20,25,,100
RS. 3.80 TO 160.

USE TO END THE LINE.

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PVC STRAP
SIZE (MM) 15,20,25,,50
RS. 7.60 TO 12.90

USE PIPE JOINT WITH THE WALL.


ADVANTAGE OF PVC PIPES
PRESSURE RESISTANCE
LONG TERM DURABILITY

PVC PRESSURE PIPES ARE DESIGNED


THEORETICALLY FOR 50 YEARS BUT CAN LAST MORE
THAN 100 YEARS
NO MODIFICATION OF THE WATER QUALITY
NO TASTE OR SMELL TRANSFERRED TO WATER
EXCELLENT RESISTANCE TO BACTERIA GROWTH

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PVC ROOFING/ COVERING MATERIAL
Reinforced pvc roofing is easy to install
Pvc has low maintanence requirments and lasts for over
30 years.

PVC sheets are also used as coverings like the sheds in


railway platforms ,air base shed , nurseries made of PVC.
This is very cost effective as compared to traditional tin
shed which are very heavy and have heat absorbent
nature .
Applications of PVC in London Olympics
Tensile fabric structures
Cables
Pipes
High performance sports surfaces and seating
A very large amount of the PVC used, especially in temporary structures, has
been recycled thanks to technologies like Texyloop, which has been developed
with the support of Vinyl 2010. Some structures have been completely
dismantled and shipped to Brazil where they will be re-used in the football
arenas being built for the next FIFA World Cup in 2014.
ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE OF PVC
MATERIAL
ADVANTAGE
DURABLE
CHEAP MATERIAL EASILY AVAILABLE
EASE OF INSTALLATION, EASY TO CLEAN
CAN BE CASTED TO ANY SHAPE.
EASILY RECYCLABLE VARIABLE THICKNESS
WIDE RANGE OF COLOURS AND PATTERNS WATER PROOF
HIGHLY RESISTANT FROM SURROUNDING ULTRA VIOLET LIGHT
FLEXIBILITY
GOOD ELECTRIC SHOCK PROOF
FIRE RESISTANT(WIDE TEMPERATURE)
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PVC PIPES PERMIT HIGH, SMOOTH FLOW OF WATER.
THEY PROVIDE RESISTANCE TO MANY CHEMICALS.
ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE OF PVC
MATERIAL
ADVANTAGE
Lighter in weight as compared to traditional materials like copper
, wood and tin etc.
Easily available and producible.
Heat resistant and do not conduct electricity.
Can be casted to any shape.
Can be recycled and reused.
Can be easily shifted from one place to another.

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ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE OF PVC
MATERIAL
DISADVANTAGE

IT IS NOT RECOMMENDED FOR USE ABOVE 343K ALTHOUGH IT


CAN BE TAKEN TO 353K FOR SHORT PERIODS
SENSITIVE TO UV AND OXIDATIVE DEGRADATION.

HCL IS EVOLVED WHEN IT IS DECOMPOSED.

ITS PRODUCTION CAUSES POLLUTION.


THEY CANNOT BE USED AT HIGH TEMPERATURES.
THEY DO NOT HAVE THE SAME STRENGTH AS CAST-IRON OR
GALVANIZED IRONS PIPES.
HIGHER DENSITY THAN MANYPLASTICS.

SOME PVC ARE MOST EXPENSIVE 43


ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE OF PVC
MATERIAL
DISADVANTAGE

It is not recommended for use above 343K although it can be


taken to 353K for short periods
Sensitive to UV and oxidative degradation.
HCl is evolved when it is decomposed.
Its production causes pollution.

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SECTION OF PLUMBING FITTING
59
COMPANY NAME OF PVC
ASTRAL
SUPREME
FINOLEX
ASHIRCAD
PLASTO
DOES
TULSI
GODAVRI
KASTA
SHAKTI
KRISHNA 61