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I love Nabuslot National High

School and I will comeback to


this institution to serve it after
I complete my studies.
The success of doing a research paper
relies on reading a lot about the topic.

Quality research paper needs much


reading about the topic.
In research, significance of the study
explains the importance of the research
being conducted.

The part of research that states why the


study should be conducted is called
significance of the study.
One form of plagiarism is copying from
the original source without citing the
author.

Owning someones work instead of


crediting it to the author is considered
plagiarism.
A paraphrase is
own rendition of essential information and
ideas expressed by someone else, presented in
a new form.
one legitimate way (when accompanied by
accurate documentation) to borrow from a
source.
a more detailed restatement than a summary,
which focuses concisely on a single main idea
A paraphrase is

using your own words to express


someone else's message or ideas.
In a paraphrase,
the ideas and meaning of the
original source must be
maintained;
the main ideas need to come
through, but the wording has to
be your own.
Ways to paraphrase
1. Read the original two or three times or
until you are sure you understand it.
2. Put the original aside and try to write
the main ideas in your own words. Say
what the source says, and try to
reproduce the source's order of ideas
and emphasis.
Ways to paraphrase
3. Look closely at unfamiliar words, observing
carefully the exact sense in which the writer uses
the words.
4. Check your paraphrase, as often as needed,
against the original for accurate tone and
meaning, changing any words or phrases that are
literally the same with the original. If the wording
of the paraphrase is literally the same with the
wording of the original, then it is plagiarism.
Ways to paraphrase
3. Look closely at unfamiliar words, observing
carefully the exact sense in which the writer uses
the words.
4. Check your paraphrase, as often as needed,
against the original for accurate tone and
meaning, changing any words or phrases that are
literally the same with the original. If the wording
of the paraphrase is literally the same with the
wording of the original, then it is plagiarism.
Ways to paraphrase
5. Include a citation for the source of the
information (including the page
numbers) so that you can cite the
source accurately. Even when you
paraphrase, you must still give credit to
the original author.
Paraphrasing is a valuable skill
because
1. it is better than quoting information
from an undistinguished passage.

2. it helps you control the temptation to


quote too much or plagiarize.
3. the mental process required for
successful paraphrasing helps you
to grasp the full meaning of the
original.

4. it is a requirement in academic
writing such as research.
Direction:
Paraphrase the following
sentences and a paragraph.
1. Original sentence:
Her life spanned years of incredible
change for women.

Paraphrased sentence:
She lived through an era of liberating
reform for women.
2. Original sentence:
Giraffes like Acacia leaves and hay, and
they can consume 75 pounds of food a day.

Paraphrased sentence:
A giraffe can eat up to 75 pounds of Acacia
leaves and hay every day.
3. Original sentence:
Any trip to Italy should include a trip to
Tuscany to sample its exquisite wines.

Paraphrased sentence:
Be sure to include a Tuscan wine-tasting
experience when visiting Italy.
Original paragraph:
Of the more than 1000 bicycling deaths each
year, three-fourths are caused by head injuries. Half
of those killed are school-age children. One study
concluded that wearing a bike helmet can reduce
the risk of head injury by 85 percent. In an accident,
a bike helmet absorbs the shock and cushions the
head. From "Bike Helmets: Unused Lifesavers,"
Consumer Reports (May 1990): 348.
Paraphrased paragraph:
The use of a helmet is the key to reducing
bicycling fatalities, which are due to head injuries
75% of the time. By cushioning the head upon
impact, a helmet can reduce accidental injury by as
much as 85%, saving the lives of hundreds of victims
annually, half of whom are school children ("Bike
Helmets" 348).

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