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LTE L2 Layer Protocols

MAC
RLC
PDCP
OSI Layers
LTE Protocol stack modules
PDCP Functions
PDCP Functions
RLC Functions
RLC Functions
MAC Functions
PHY Functions
RRC Functions
NAS Functions
LTE Protocol stack modules
Functions of MAC sublayer

o Mapping between logical channels and transport channels.


o Multiplexing of MAC SDUs from one or different logical channels onto transport blocks (TB) to be delivered to
the physical layer on transport channels.
o Demultiplexing of MAC SDUs from one or different logical channels from transport blocks (TB) delivered from
the physical layer on transport channels.
o Scheduling information reporting.
o Error correction through HARQ.
o Priority handling between UEs by means of dynamic scheduling.
o Priority handling between logical channels of one UE.
o Logical Channel prioritisation.
o Transport format selection.

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Automatic Repeat Request(ARQ)

o In ARQ, when we have a 'bad' package, the system simply discards it, and asks for a
retransmission (of the same package). And for this, it sends a feedback message to the
transmitter.
oThese feedback messages are messages that the receiver uses to inform whether the
transmission was successful or not: 'ACKnowledgement' (ACK) and 'Non-ACKnowledgement'
(NACK).
o Every time a packet that arrives is bad, it is discarded, and it is requested that this same
package be retransmitted.

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Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request(HARQ)

o The HARQ is the use of conventional ARQ along with an Error Correction technique called 'Soft
Combining', which no longer discards the received bad data (with error)
o With the 'Soft Combining' data packets that are not properly decoded are not discarded
anymore. The received signal is stored in a 'buffer', and will be combined with next
retransmission.

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UE and eNB Protocols for LTE

UE eNB MME
UE eNB
NAS NAS
PDCP PDCP
RRC RRC

RLC RLC PDCP PDCP

RLC RLC
MAC MAC
MAC MAC
PHY PHY
PHY PHY

User Plane Stacks Control Plane Stacks

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