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PROJECT MANAGEMENT

• CPM – Critical Path Method

• PERT – Program Evaluation and Review Technique

• WBS – Work Break down Structure

• CSR - Corporate Social Responsibility

• SWOT – Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats

• PEST – Political, Economic, Social, Technological

• ISO - International Organization for Standard


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• QMS - Quality Management
• TQM - Total Quality Management
• QC - Quality Control
• QA - Quality Assurance

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• ASSIGNMENT

• WHAT IS CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT ?

• WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CONSTRUCTION


MANAGEMENT AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT?

• MARKET OPPURTUNITIES FOR CPM IN INDIA.

• CONSTRUCTION PROJECT MANAGEMENT JOBS IN


ABROAD

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Risks in Construction Project
• Managing risks in construction projects
has been recognised as a very important
management process in order to achieve
the project objectives in terms of
– time,
– cost,
– quality,
– safety and
– environmental sustainability.
Who is a good Project Manager?

• Leadership skills
• Motivation skills
• Decision maker
• Teambuilding
• Forecast and plan
• Manage risk
• Effective control of resources.

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• Who are the Indian Project Management Companies
in the Market
– DTZ
– CBRE
– JLL
– Turner & Townsend
– Design & Build firms.
– Cushman & Wakefield

• Project Management Schools in India


– NICMAR

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Tools and Techniques
• Project management Softwares
(Primavera, Microsoft project plan,
pertmaster etc )
• Templates for individual deliverables
(5 phases of the project)
• Regular Meetings

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• Project management focuses on controlling the introduction of the
desired change.
This involves:

• Understanding the needs of stakeholders.


• Planning what needs to be done, when, by whom, and to what
standards.
• Building and motivating the team.
• Coordinating the work of different people.
• Monitoring work being done.
• Managing any changes to the plan.
• Delivering successful results.

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Evolution of Project Management

• Two forefathers of project management are Henry


Gantt, called the father of planning and control
techniques, who is famous for his use of the Gantt
chart as a project management tool.

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Today’s Scenario - Fields in Project
Management
With the advent of the new millennium, project
management is increasingly seen as part of the general
management toolkit and its techniques are deployed
across all sectors of business and all types of project.

– IT
– Construction Industry
– Retail
– Healthcare
– Mining

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Need for Project Management in
Construction Industry
All the work that has to be done to achieve the time, cost
and quality objectives defines the project scope. The
scope can change over time, and it is the project
manager’s responsibility to ensure the project will still
deliver its defined benefits.
A project manager must maintain focus on the relative
priorities of time, cost and quality.
• Cost
• Quality
• Time

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Lifecycle of Project Management

Initiate
Design & Plan
Execute

Post Review Handover 13


Why this Subject?
(Course Objective)

• To understand Traditional Management System


– Grant chart, Bar Chart, PERT, CPM, WBS etc
• Skills – soft & hard skills
• Programming, Network Techniques
• To Establish a relationship between Project Cost
and Project Planning
• Application of Software’s in Planning of Simple
Projects

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Contents
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 Definition
 Introduction to Project Management
 Evolution of Project Management
 Today’s Scenario - Fields in Project Management
 Function of Project Management
 Role of an Architect in Construction
 Benefits in project management for architects
 Lifecycle of Project Management
 Process of Project Management
 Others
 Course Objective
Project
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What is a Project?
Projects are unique, transient endeavours undertaken to
achieve a desired outcome.
The definition of a project identifies two of the key features:
Uniqueness
Projects are separate to business-as-usual activities, requiring
people to come together temporarily to focus on specific
project objectives. As a result, effective teamwork is central to
successful projects.

Transience
A project has a specific start and end point and is set up to
meet specific objectives, to create a specified result, product or
service.
Evolution of Project
17
Management
 It can be conjectured that the history of project management
goes back to the time of the pharaohs and the construction of
pyramids of Giza or to the Qin dynasty and the Great of China
 Contemporary project management has its roots in the 1950s
and 1960s although Henry Gantt, widely recognised as the
father of planning and control techniques and his eponymous
bar chart in the early 1900’s and Gantt Charts were used
during World War 1 to reduce the build- time of cargo ship.
Function of Project
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Management
A list of functions carried out by project managers:
 Establishment of the client’s objectives and

priorities.
 Design of the project organisation structure.
 Identification of the way in which the client is
integrated into the project.
 Advice on the selection and appointment of the

contribution to the project and the establishment


of their teams of reference.
 Translation of the client’s objectives into a brief

for the project team and its transmission.


 Preparation of the programme for the project.
Function of Project
19
Management
 Activation of the framework of relationships
established for the contributors.
 Establishment of an appropriate information and
communication structure.
 Convening and chairing meetings of appropriate
contributors at all stages.
 Monitoring and controlling feasibility studies,
design and production to ensure that the brief is
being satisfied, including adherence to the
budget, investment and programme plans.
Function of Project
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Management
 Contribution to primary and key decisions and to
making operational decisions.
 Recommendation and control of the
implementation of a strategy for disposal or
management of the completed project, including
commissioning the building and advising on
arrangements for running and maintaining it
when completed.
 Evaluation of the outcome of the project against
its objectives and against interim reports
including advice on future strategies.
Benefits in project management
for architects
Why should an architect understand Project management?
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 Effective project management ensures value for


money.
 Coordination is one key aspect of project
 management
A whichwith
project manager is beneficial to the teamofas
a sound knowledge a
the
whole tools and techniques of PM is likely to
relevant
introduce change with maximum efficiency and
effectiveness
 In planning, monitoring and controlling a project,
Project management focuses attention on cost,
time, quality/performance and their trade-offs in
such a way as to effect optimum efficiency and
effectiveness.
Process of Project
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Management
Initiate
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 Find out the requirements of the Client


(objective of the client)
 Understand the environment of the
projects and the variables
 Define the Scope of the Project, agree with
the client etc