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Components of an Integrated

Physical Security System


John N. Motlagh, MBA

Deter - Detect - Delay - Deny


What we will cover

Looks busy,
but we’ll cover it all!!

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Components of an Integrated Physical
Security System
 Closed Circuit Television (CCTV)
 Intrusion Detection
 Access Control
 Physical Barriers
 Lighting

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CCTV
 Camera
 Fixed
 Enclosure
 Indoor
 Outdoor
o Heater
o Blower
 Explosion proof
o Camera won't CAUSE explosion

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CCTV (Cont.)
 Bullet resistant
 Vandal resistant
 Lens
 Auto Iris
 Camera lens which automatically adjust
for proper light levels
 Vari Focal
 Lens with an adjustable focal length,
such as 3.5-8mm, 2.6-6mm, and 4.5-
10mm
 Zoom
 The ability to keep focus and change
distance

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CCTV (Cont.)
 Super HAD • Board
 Sony body standard
 Low light
• Pinhole
 Allow light in, or
processes in low light
 Infra red
 Uses IR to see in the
dark
 Digital
 Megapixel CCTV
 Analog
 Traditional
 Dome

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CCTV (Cont.)
 Mount
 Pole mount
 Wall
 Ceiling
 Corner

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CCTV (Cont.)
 PTZ
 Enclosure
 NEMA
 Smoked glass
 Clear glass
 Heater/blower
 Wiper
 Cylinder shape
 Goose neck
 Sphere
 Vandal resistant
 Lens
 Zoom

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CCTV Power Supply
 Size your power supply to
the job
 Consider outputs and amps

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CCTV Solar

 Sized to job
Solar panel
Battery
Voltage regulator

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CCTV (Recording)
Digital video recorder Analog video recorder
 Stand alone  Time lapsed VCR
 Basic, entry level system  Sequential viewing
 Analog monitor  Up to 72 hours on tape
 "TV" quality playback 380 lines  High maintenance cost
 Networked  Head replacement
 IP based  Belt replacement
 Internet accessible  Low quality replay
 Out of sequence viewing
 Record and view simultaneously
 Distributed recording
 Web server

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CCTV (Recording, DVR/NVR)
 Hardware maintenance cost similar to PC
 Storage limited to hard drive space
 Rack mount in data center
 Network video recorder
 Centralized recording

Deter - Detect - Delay - Deny


CCTV (Transport)
IP network
Analog
 Cat-5
 Balen
 Hub
 Power and data on single
 Switch cable
 Router  Max range
 Data circuit
 Max range

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CCTV (Cont.)
 RG-59 cable
 Single cable
 Coax and 18/2
 Fiber optic
 Single mode
 Dual mode
 Serial
 RS-485
 For PTZ control

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CCTV (Cont.)
 Wireless
 Data circuit
 Router
 Switch
 Hub
 Access point
 Bridge
 Range

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CCTV (Forensic analysis)
 Dynamic playback
 By time or date
 By event
 By activity
 Picture enhance
 Zoom
 sharpen
 brightness
 contrast
 Digital manipulation
 e-mail
 Zoom

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CCTV (Video analytics)
 Video threat detection
 Isolate alarm event to alarm
zone
 Identify and verify threat at
perimeter
 Traffic control
 Vehicle
 People
 Initiate alarm event
 Track threat movement

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CCTV (Video analytics cont.)
 View landscape delta over time
 Identify package drop off
 Vehicles lingering over time
 Equipment removed
 Identify traffic pattern deviation
 People
 Crowd control
 Crown management

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CCTV (Cont.)
 Alarm assessment
 Tie alarm events to video sequence
 Initiate action based on video event
 Activate doors
 Lock down
 Initiate guard response
 Activate equipment
 Start safety procedure

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CCTV (Motion detection)
 Passive infrared (PIR)
 Ultra sonic
 Pixel change
 Usually built-in
 Separate devices meant for VCR tape

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Intrusion detection
 Fiber optic
 Set up alarm zones
 Buried
 Under water
 Non-Proprietary
Single mode fiber

 Adjust sensitivity

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Intrusion detection (Fiber Cont.)
 Fiber is not subject to EMI
 Polymer
 Adjust sensitivity
 May include weather station
 Polymer is not subject to EMI
 Chain link friendly

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Intrusion detection (Cont.)
 Microwave
 Volumetric sensor
 Detect changes to air space
 Stand alone units
 Tandem units
 more prevalent

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Intrusion detection (Cont.)
 Vibration sensors
 Fence mounted
 Non-adaptive
 Value priced
 Orientation sensitive

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Intrusion detection (Cont.)
Electronic Dual Sense sensors
 Mounted on any surface
 Detects harmonic vibration
 Dry contact output
 Adjustable thresholds
 Graphic display
 Tilt and acceleration sensitive

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Intrusion detection (Cont.)
 Seismic
 Buried
 Fiber can be buried

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Intrusion detection (Cont.)
 Capacitive
 Detect capacitance changes
 Measurement of electrical potential
 Products
 User definable zones
 Cable technology

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Access Control
 Personal access
 Pin reader
 Proximity reader
 Long range
 Short range
 Biometric
 Fingerprint
 Duress finger
 Face recognition
 Hand geometry
 All tied to controller

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Access Control (Cont.)
 RFID
 Security overview
 What you have
 Prox card
 Key fob
 Clicker

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Access Control (Cont.)
 What you know
 Password
 Make it hard to break, easy to remember
 PIN
 Random, don't use birthday

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Access Control (Cont.)
 Who you are
 Use in industrial areas
 Very accurate
 Need PIN to actuate an hand to verify
 Fingerprint
 Accurate
 May include door controller
 Optimized for indoor use
 May be considered invasive
 High expectation of user

Deter - Detect - Delay - Deny


Access Control (Cont.)
 Iris recognition
 Not proven yet
 May be considered invasive
 Face recognition
 Not proven
 May be considered invasive
 Hilton/Wal-Mart examples

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What are the rated barriers?
(more about ratings in another session)
 Fence

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What are the rated barriers?
 Sliding gate
 Only rated in the closed position

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What are the rated barriers
 Drop arm
 Only rated in the closed position

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What are the rated barriers?
Anti ram wall Wedge

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What are the rated barriers?
 Bollards
 Retractable
 Hydraulic
 Electric
 Manual
 Only rated in the deployed position
 Fixed
 Shallow mount
o < 9"
 Regular mount

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What are the rated barriers?
Conditions that make a bollard rated
 Pipe
 Spacing
 Bollard height
 Depth

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Fence
 Chain link
 Expanded metal
 How is it sized?
 How is it made?
 What are the uses?
 Barriers
 Grill top

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Fence (Cont.)
 Welded wire
 Razor mesh
 Topper

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Fence (Cont.)
 Concertina
 Barb wire
 Deployable fence pack
 Taut wire

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Fence configurations
Use your imagination...
 Multiple rows
 Create dead space
 Ankle breaker rock
 Detection between fences
 Mixed media
 Use various densities
 Saves money
 Use welded wire on the bottom and razor mesh on top
 Living

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Security Lighting
 Commercial lighting
 High security lighting
 Solar lighting
 Linear lighting
 Corner lighting (90 deg)
 Regulated areas
 ATM’s
 Parking lots
 Check your local codes

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Command Software comes in all sizes

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