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WHAT IS COMPUTER?

• Is an electronic device that accepts instruction and processes information.

• Is an electronic device that manipulates data.

• Is patterned to human being.


ABACUS
COMPLEX NUMBER CALCULATOR (1940)

• In 1939, Bell Telephone Laboratories


completes this calculator, designed by scientist
George Stibitz.
• In 1940, Stibitz demonstrated the CNC at an
American Mathematical Society conference
held at Dartmouth College.
Z3

• The Z3, an early computer built by


German engineer Konrad Zuse on 1941.
• Zuse earned the semi-official title of
"inventor of the modern computer" for his
series of automatic calculators.
ATANASOFF-BERRY COMPUTER (ABC)

• The machine was designed and


built by Professor John Vincent
Atanasoff on 1942 at Lowa State
College.
• The first electronic computer.
MARK 1

• Conceived by Harvard physics


professor Howard Aiken, and
designed and built by IBM on 1944
• Is a room-sized, relay-based
calculator.
FIRST BUG

• Mark 1 malfunction on 1945


• Grace Hopper found an actual moth stuck to card
responsible for a malfunction
• Called it "debugging" a computer
PUBLIC UNVEILING OF ENIAC (1946)

• Created by John Presper Eckert (1919-


1995) and John Mauchly (1907-1980) on
1943.
• Electrical Numerical Integrator And
Calculator.
• Used in World War II to calculate
trajectory tables for new guns.
UNIVAC 1 DELIVERED TO US CENSUS BUREAU
(1951)
• The UNIVAC 1 was considered as
the first generation of computers
that was built using vacuum tubes
• Composed of 5,200 vacuum tubes
and weighed 29,000 pounds.
• UNIVAC introduces the
"UNISERVO" tape drive .
MIT RESEARCHERS BUILD THE TX-0
• TX-0 (“Transistor eXperimental - 0”) is
the first general-purpose programmable
computer built with transistors.
• Built on 1956.
INTEL INTRODUCES THE FIRST MICROPROCESSOR
• Built on 1971.
• Conceived by Ted Hoff and Stanley
Mazor.
• Developed for Busicom, a Japanese
calculator maker.
• The 4004 had 2250 transistors
• Could perform up to 90,000
operations per second.
1976
• The first computers were people!
That is, electronic computers (and
the earlier mechanical computers)
were given this name because they
performed the work that had
previously been assigned to
people. "Computer" was originally
a job title: it was used to describe
those human beings (predominantly
women) whose job was to perform
the repetitive calculations required
to compute such things as
navigational tables, tide charts,
and planetary positions for
astronomical almanacs.
SELF – ASSESSMENT

3 things I learned from this lesson


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2 things I appreciate from this lesson


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1 question I have about the lesson


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