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CHARU BERI(1304041)


There are so many different names used to describe buildings where people live.
•Housing types according to their physical composition are basically categorized under
two main divisions:
(A) Free-standing or detached dwellings
(B) Attached or multi-user dwellings

•Both classes may vary greatly in scale and amount of accommodation provided.
•Although there appear to be many different types, many are purely matters of style
rather than spatial arrangement or scale.
One Dwelling per lot homes:
–Bungalow Housing
– Common-wall Dwellings
– Accessory Apartments
Two Dwellings per Lot:
– Duplex
– Two, Detached Dwelling Units

Multi-family Dwellings
– Apartment & Condominium Complexes

Mobile Home Parks & Cottage Housing & SROs

Cottage Housing
•Create a cluster of housing
surrounding a common open space
•Increased emphasis on architectural
design elements.
•Permitted in most Residential Districts
•Housing development on one lot.
B) attached or multi-user dwellings. There are 3 main types of multi-dwelling
•Small detached buildings containing from 2-8 unites in 1 to 4 floor buildings.
•Long attached row buildings containing several units in 1 to 4 floors.
•Large detached building containing huge amounts of unites on many floors.

What are the alternative arrangements (typology) of residential

accommodations in a multi-use building?
1. A building comprising two units either side-by-side is typically considered as
semi-detached or twin homes on separate properties, sharing a wall.
2. By contrast, a duplex house is a dwelling comprising two units on two different
3. Duplex house are two single dwelling units separated over two floors,
connected by an indoor staircase.
4. Similarly, a triplex house refers to three apartments spread out over three
5. The term "duplex" can also be extended to four-plex or quadr-plex.
6. Because of the flexibility of the term, the is almost no line between an
apartment building and a duplex.
7. Apartment buildings tending to be bigger, while duplexes are usually the size
of a normal house.
Twin house or semi-detached:
One building consisting of two separate "houses", typically side by side, each with separate
entrances and without common inside areas. Each of the two houses has separate owners
Two-unite or Duplex house:
A building basically like a house, built on a house lot, consisting of an apartment taking up
the first floor, and another taking up the second floor usually a common basement, a common
front entrance, foyer, and stairs to the second floor, and often a similar back entrance, foyer,
and stairs.
Three-unite or Triplex:
A building similar to the duplex, except there are three apartments over each other.
Four-unite or four-plex:
A building similar to the duplex, except there are four apartments. In some cases, the
arrangement of apartments may be different and the lot size may be larger than that of a
regular house.
Attached or multi-user dwelling-
Shop-house (mixed use building form):

It consists of shops on the ground floor which open

up to a public in a covered passage, and which
has residential accommodation upstairs.
The shop houses would adjoin each other to form
rows with regular façade.
•This mixed use building form characterizes the
historical centre of most towns and cities.
•It is vernacular style building type that is
commonly seen in areas such as urban South
east Asia. Single Housing types:

A penthouse apartment or penthouse

apartment is an apartment which is a single
dwelling that is on the highest floor of an
apartment building.
•If more than one apartment is on the floor
then it is not a penthouse, it would just be
called a top floor flat or apartment.
•These structures do not occupy the entire roof
There are many types of houses and each one characterised by special character and
each one have different function, material and style.
It’s better to use more than one type in a housing project.
Detached houses for privacy, luxury, free modification and addition, no management
Apartment blocks for economic safety not responsible for any exterior maintenance or
Different unit sizes for apartments for different family needs.