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LINEAR AND

CYCLIC ELECTRON
FLOW
LINEAR ELECTRON FLOW
 When photosystem II absorbs light electron excited to higher energy level
in the reaction center chlorophyll is captured by the primary electron
acceptor.
 An enzyme extracts electrons from water and supplies them to replacing
the electrons that the chlorophyll molecule lost when it absorbed light
energy.
 Each photoexcited electron(energized by light) passes from the primary
electron acceptor in photosystem II to photosystem Ivia an electron
transport chain.
As electron move down the chain, their exergonic “fall” to
a lower energy level is harnessed by the thylakoid
membrane to produce ATP (by chemiosmosis).
When an electron reaches the “bottom” of the electron
“hole” in the chlorophyll a molecule in the reaction center
of photosystem.
The primary electron acceptor of photosystem I passes the
excited electrons to a second electron transport chain
which transmits them to a iron containing protein.
CYCLIC
Under certain conditions, the photoexcited electrons take
an alternative path ,which uses photosystem I but not
photosystem II .
This process produces no NADPH and no O2 but it does
make ATP. This called cyclic photophosphorylation
The Chloroplast shifts to this process when the ATP
supply drops and the level of NADPH rises.
Thank You
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Listening
Presentation by : Group 2