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Precal- Monday 1/22/18

QUIZ 2 ON WEDNESDAY
TEST 1 FRIDAY
Exercise 1:
1st check your work for the notes last
given in class with sub. See the key
below.( on website- not ppt)
• You should be able to use this information and
complete the unit circle for all remaining
quadrants. Check the next slide to ensure
accuracy.
How can we memorize it?
– It’s Symmetric!
– For Radians
the denominators
help!
– Knowing the
quadrant gives
the correct
+ / - sign
Exercise 2: Classwork
COPY EACH EXAMPLE.
• USING THE UNIT CIRCLE EVALUATE EACH.
 
1. cos 5. cos  9. sin (  )
3 2
 
2. sin
6 6. sin 3
3 10. tan
5 13 4
3. sin 7. cos
6 6
2 3
4. cos 8. sin
3 2
Exercise 3: DEFINE EACH TERM.
1. Pythagorean triple
2. Similar Triangles
3. Standard position
4. Coterminal angle
5. Linear pair
6. Radian
7. Initial side
8. Complement
9. Supplement
10. Counterclockwise
Exercise 4: COPY AND COMPLETE THE
CHART
Sine Cosine Tangent Cosecant Secant Cotangent
Abbreviation sin cos

Reciprocal
Function
Co-function cot sec

Right Triangle Opp/adj


Definition

Unit Circle y/x 1/x


Definition

Any Angle
Definition
Positive 1 and 4
Quadrants
Negative 2 and 3
Quadrants
Odd or Even
Exercise 5- copy notes on next slide
Exercise 5: Evaluating angles not on the unit
circle!
• 1st- determine the quadrant of your angle.
CONVERT to degrees if in radians. (recall your
special case triangles)
• Sketch the angle in the quadrant, and form a
right triangle by dropping a hypotenuse.
• 2nd determine the reference angle for the
given angle and corresponding coordinates.
• Label the sides accordingly and/or solve for
the unknown if necessary.
EXAMPLES for exercise 5. #1 60o ref. angle

4p
#2 cos -1
tan (-210o) 3 240o

30o ref. angle - 3 1


2
-
1
2 2
1 3
- 3 =-
- 3 3
#3
11p 1
2
csc 45o ref. angle
4
3p
-1 2
= csc
4
You try. Given the constraints below
Find the cosine and tangent.

1 p
sin q = £q £p
3 2
You try! Solution.
p
sin q =
1 and
£q £p
3 2
2 2
1
3
cos q = -
3
?=
-2 2
-1 2
tan q = =-
2 2 4
Exercise 6: TAKE NOTES
To find the value of a trig function of any angle:
1. Find the trig value for the associated
reference angle.
2. Pick the correct sign depending on where the
terminal side lies.
.

1. Find the reference angle 1st if


the given is not on the unit ref   180  135
circle.
 45
2. Next, determine the trig tan 45  1
value of the reference angle.

3. Then determine the quadrant


of your given angle. 135  QII

4. Finally, determine the sign of


your angle—based on the tan is (-)in QII
quadrant of the given because cos = (-) and sin = (+)
(original) angle
tan135  1 13
Exercise 6 continued- FOLLOW THE
STEPS FROM PREVIOUS SLIDE AND
COMPLETE 1-3.
Evaluate:
1.sin 5π/3

2.cos (−60°)

3.tan 11π/6
Exercise 7: REVIEW AND COPY
Trigonometric Functions of Real Numbers
• For convenience, the following table shows the exact values of
the trigonometric functions of special angles and quadrant
angles.

Trigonometric Values of Common Angles


EXERCISE 7.1 Trigonometric Functions of Nonacute Angles

• Example 1

• Solution:
• a. Because  = 4 /3 lies in Quadrant III, the
reference angle is   = (4 /3) –  =  /3,
as shown in Figure 4.40.

• Moreover, the cosine is negative in


Quadrant III, so

Figure 4.40
Example EXERCISE 7.2
cont’d
tan = (–210)
. Because –210  + 360  = 150 , it follows that –210  is
coterminal with the second-quadrant angle 150 .
Therefore, the reference angle is   = 180  – 150  = 30 ,
as shown in Figure 4.41.

• Finally, because the tangent is
negative in Quadrant II, you have.

Figure 4.41
Exercise 7.3 – csc (11 /4) cont’d

• Because (11 /4) – 2 = 3 /4, it follows that 11 /4 is


coterminal with the second-quadrant angle 3/4.
Therefore, the reference angle is   =  – (3 /4) =  /4,
as shown in Figure 4.42.

• Because the cosecant is positive


in Quadrant II, you have

Figure 4.42
EXERCISE 8:
Your task: Evaluate, if possible, the six trigonometric functions of
the real number theta. Give in ratio form, no decimals.
TURN IN EXERCISE 8 ONLY!

1. Θ = 7π/4 (ex. Cos, sin, tan, cot, sec, csc)


2. Θ = -2π/3
3. Θ = 6π
4. Θ = 17π/6