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# Precal- Monday 1/22/18

QUIZ 2 ON WEDNESDAY
TEST 1 FRIDAY
Exercise 1:
1st check your work for the notes last
given in class with sub. See the key
below.( on website- not ppt)
• You should be able to use this information and
complete the unit circle for all remaining
quadrants. Check the next slide to ensure
accuracy.
How can we memorize it?
– It’s Symmetric!
the denominators
help!
– Knowing the
the correct
+ / - sign
Exercise 2: Classwork
COPY EACH EXAMPLE.
• USING THE UNIT CIRCLE EVALUATE EACH.
 
1. cos 5. cos  9. sin (  )
3 2
 
2. sin
6 6. sin 3
3 10. tan
5 13 4
3. sin 7. cos
6 6
2 3
4. cos 8. sin
3 2
Exercise 3: DEFINE EACH TERM.
1. Pythagorean triple
2. Similar Triangles
3. Standard position
4. Coterminal angle
5. Linear pair
7. Initial side
8. Complement
9. Supplement
10. Counterclockwise
Exercise 4: COPY AND COMPLETE THE
CHART
Sine Cosine Tangent Cosecant Secant Cotangent
Abbreviation sin cos

Reciprocal
Function
Co-function cot sec

Definition

## Unit Circle y/x 1/x

Definition

Any Angle
Definition
Positive 1 and 4
Negative 2 and 3
Odd or Even
Exercise 5- copy notes on next slide
Exercise 5: Evaluating angles not on the unit
circle!
CONVERT to degrees if in radians. (recall your
special case triangles)
• Sketch the angle in the quadrant, and form a
right triangle by dropping a hypotenuse.
• 2nd determine the reference angle for the
given angle and corresponding coordinates.
• Label the sides accordingly and/or solve for
the unknown if necessary.
EXAMPLES for exercise 5. #1 60o ref. angle

4p
#2 cos -1
tan (-210o) 3 240o

## 30o ref. angle - 3 1

2
-
1
2 2
1 3
- 3 =-
- 3 3
#3
11p 1
2
csc 45o ref. angle
4
3p
-1 2
= csc
4
You try. Given the constraints below
Find the cosine and tangent.

1 p
sin q = £q £p
3 2
You try! Solution.
p
sin q =
1 and
£q £p
3 2
2 2
1
3
cos q = -
3
?=
-2 2
-1 2
tan q = =-
2 2 4
Exercise 6: TAKE NOTES
To find the value of a trig function of any angle:
1. Find the trig value for the associated
reference angle.
2. Pick the correct sign depending on where the
terminal side lies.
.

## 1. Find the reference angle 1st if

the given is not on the unit ref   180  135
circle.
 45
2. Next, determine the trig tan 45  1
value of the reference angle.

## 3. Then determine the quadrant

of your given angle. 135  QII

## 4. Finally, determine the sign of

your angle—based on the tan is (-)in QII
quadrant of the given because cos = (-) and sin = (+)
(original) angle
tan135  1 13
STEPS FROM PREVIOUS SLIDE AND
COMPLETE 1-3.
Evaluate:
1.sin 5π/3

2.cos (−60°)

3.tan 11π/6
Exercise 7: REVIEW AND COPY
Trigonometric Functions of Real Numbers
• For convenience, the following table shows the exact values of
the trigonometric functions of special angles and quadrant
angles.

## Trigonometric Values of Common Angles

EXERCISE 7.1 Trigonometric Functions of Nonacute Angles

• Example 1

• Solution:
• a. Because  = 4 /3 lies in Quadrant III, the
reference angle is   = (4 /3) –  =  /3,
as shown in Figure 4.40.

## • Moreover, the cosine is negative in

Figure 4.40
Example EXERCISE 7.2
cont’d
tan = (–210)
. Because –210  + 360  = 150 , it follows that –210  is
coterminal with the second-quadrant angle 150 .
Therefore, the reference angle is   = 180  – 150  = 30 ,
as shown in Figure 4.41.

• Finally, because the tangent is
negative in Quadrant II, you have.

Figure 4.41
Exercise 7.3 – csc (11 /4) cont’d

## • Because (11 /4) – 2 = 3 /4, it follows that 11 /4 is

coterminal with the second-quadrant angle 3/4.
Therefore, the reference angle is   =  – (3 /4) =  /4,
as shown in Figure 4.42.