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Landasan ilmiah ilmu pendidikan

Culture and Education


By :
DONA SURIZAL
15178058
The concept of culture

Activities that take


place repeatedly on a
regular basis

Culture
The composition of
objects and social life
that is characteristic
of a particular group
Culture is the totality of a complex that includes the divine, belief,
art, law, morals, customs, and what capabilities and habits acquired
as members of the community (E. B Tylor)

Mental Culture Ongoing and


Culture has Totality Live on
emotional included a rapidly objective
unity characteristics society
activities morality behaviorisme
Characteristics of culture

paradoctial(Herskovits)
Universal Culture fill and
experience of determine the
Culture is
mankind but course of our
stable but also
local lives but that
dynamic and
manifestations culture seldom
shown
are unique harass our
regional consciousness
G. F Kneller

1. Culture is organic and super organic


2. Overt and Covert
3. Explicit and Implicit
4. Ideal and manifest
5. Stable and does not change
Murdock
1. Culture studied and is not instinctive for the culture can not be sought the
origin of the gene or chromosome
2. Culture implanted, the new generation has no choice about the culture
curriculum. Only people who can deliver social heritage and his children's
children can only absorb not change it
3. Social and cultural shared by humans in a variety of organized society
4. Culture is the idea (ideational) habits conceived group or disclosed as ideal
norms or patterns of behavior
5. Culture arrive at a satisfactory level of individuals, satisfying biological
needs and the need for follow-up or who are culturally defined.
6. Integrative culture. Culture that integrates well have greater social cohesion
between institutions and social groups that support the culture.
The function of culture and social
institutions
1. Progresso's heredity and upbringing of children, the guarantor of biological survival
of social groups.
2. The development of economic life, produce and use economic objects.
3. Transmission of culture, ways of educating and shaping the new generation
becomes adults cultured.
4. Religious
5. social control
6. recreation
Orientation and cultural value
Kluckhohn in Pelly (1994) argues that cultural value is a widely concept of who live
in the natural mind are largely residents of a community, of what is most valuable
in life. The series of concepts that relate to one another and constitute a system of
values - cultural value

There are five basic issues of human life in every culture that can be found
universally. According to Kluckhohn in Pelly (1994) the five main issues are:
1. The essence of life,
2. The nature of the work or the work of man,
3. The nature of the place of humanity in space and time,
4. The nature of the human relationship with the natural surroundings,
5. The nature of man's relationship with his fellow human beings.