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This presentation is
brought to you by
Grammar Bytes!,
©2017 by Robin L.
Simmons.
Pronoun Case

Do I need
the pronoun
they?
Or do I need
the pronoun
them
instead?
This presentation
covers when to use
subjective,
objective, and
possessive
pronoun forms.
A pronoun case item on an
objective test might look
like this ...
Sample Item

Stan and
Stan and II offered
offered to
to help
help move
move the
the furniture,
furniture, but
but
A
the new residents rolled their
their eyes
eyes when
when they
they
B
saw that us
us two
we two
twohad
had
hadskinny
skinny
skinnyarms.
arms.
arms.
C
Us needs to
Is Stan and I,
become we, a
A. Me and Stan their us a
, oroption
change
B. theirs problem?
C makes.
C. we
D. No change is necessary.
Subjective Pronouns
• Forms include I, you, she, he, it, we, and
they.
• A subject pronoun functions as the subject of a
verb.
Meredith and Ithrew
Me and Meredith threwmashed
mashedpotatoes
potatoesatat
Henry.

Me threw
mashed potatoes? I
don’t think so!
Objective Pronouns
• Forms include me, you, her, him, it, us, and
them.
• An objective pronoun functions as a direct
object, indirect object, or object of a
preposition.
Just between you and I,me , Stevie
Stevie shouldn’t
shouldn’t try
try to
kiss
to kiss
Grace
Grace
with
with
spinach
spinach
in his
in his
teeth!
teeth!

After a preposition like


between, always use
the objective pronoun!
Dir ect vs. Indir ect Objects

• To find a direct object, use this formula:


subject + verb + what? or who?
• The indirect object is whoever or whatever
receives the direct object.

him itabefore
Stevie
Crystal gave Stevie toothbrush
the kissing
atoothbrush
toothbrush began.
before
before
before the
the thekissing
kissing
kissing began.
began.

Crystal
Whogave
Always use what?
received theThe
objective
toothbrush
pronouns
toothbrush?likeStevie
him
= the
and
=
it to
the direct
indirect
replaceobject!
objects.
object!
Possessive Pronouns
• Forms include my, mine, your, yours, her,
hers, his, its, our, ours, their, and theirs.
• Possessive pronouns do not require an
apostrophe; adjective forms do not agree
with the nouns that follow.
When Johnnie stepped to the plate and hit a home
our eyes in disbelief.
run, we rubbed ours

Your, her, our, and


their = adjectives.
Yours, hers, ours, and
theirs = nouns.
Quick Test

Directions: In the items that follow, choose


the option that corrects an error in the
underlined portion(s). If no error exists, choose
“No change is necessary.”

Show me
what you
know.
Item 1

Tiesha is good at math. See if she


she and
and Sam
Sam will
will
A
join our
our study
study group.
group. Clueless
Clueless students
students like
like we
we
us
B C
can use all the help we can get!

A. her
B. ours
C. us
us
D. No change is necessary.
Item 2
Marvin got an aisle seat. Cherise sat between

Byron and
Byron andhe.
he.Together
him.Together
Togetherthey
they
they
slurped
slurped
slurped
their
their
their
A BB CC
sodas as the guest lecturer droned on about the

Roman Empire.

A. Byronand
Byron andhim
him
B. them
C. theirs
D. No change is necessary.
Item 3
Me and
Tonya
andand
Tonya
Tonya
I prefer
prefer
prefer
morning
morning
morning
classes.
classes.
classes.
OurOur
Our
A BB
roommates like to stay up late playing loud video

games. We hope to kick them


them out
out of
of the
the
C
apartment next semester.

A. Tonya and
Tonya andI I
B. Ours
C. they two
D. No change is necessary.
Item 4

Sheila has a golden retriever. Perhaps that hair in

your green
your green beans
beans comes
comes from
from she
sheor
her or
orthe
the
thedog.
dog.
dog.
A B
Since the strand is dark in color, I’ll bet it’s hers.
hers.
C

A. yours
B. her
her
C. her’s
D. No change is necessary.
Item 5
Abigail studied six hours for the chemistry exam.

When she
she and
and her
her lab
lab partner
partner saw
saw the
the test,
test, they
they
A B
both knew their hard work would protect their
their
C
high averages.

A. her
B. them
C. theirs
D. No change
changeisisnecessary.
necessary.
Item 6

Nicholas likes to gossip. Be careful what you say

around Julie
Julie and
andhim.
him.They
Theyboth
bothbelieve
believethat
thatyour
your
A B
their’s to
their’s
news—whether good or bad—is theirs tospread.
spread.
C

A. he and Julie
B. Them
C. theirs
theirs
D. No change is necessary.
Item 7
Even though Grandma
Grandma and
andI Ibrought
broughtaacalculator
calculator
A
and coupons, we spent too much money grocery

her’s, as
her’s,
shopping. The fault is mainly hers, asshe
she
B
insisted on ice cream that neither of us
us needed.
needed.
C
A. me and Grandma
B. hers
hers
C. we
D. No change is necessary.
Item 8
Mom gave me and and Sheila
Sheilaaalecture
lectureabout
aboutgood
good
A
manners. Mom had heard that me Sheila
and
andand
Sheila
Sheila
I
B
forgot to send Aunt Louise a thank-you card for our
our
C
Christmas presents.

A. Sheila and I
B. Sheila and
Sheila andII
C. ours
D. No change is necessary.
Item 9
My friends
friendsand
andI Ispent
spentbiology
biologylab
labeating
eatingpopcorn
popcorn
A
and giggling. After lab, Mr. Rivera threatened weus
B
three with withdrawal. He insisted that our
our
C
behavior and attitude must change.

A. Me and my friends
B. us
us
C. ours
D. No change is necessary.
Item 10
We gave our calculus notes to Diego and she.
she.
her.
A
They lent us theirs.
theirs.Before
Beforethe
thebig
bigexam,
exam,
B
we students
studentsneed
needtotomake
makesure
surethat
thatwe
wehave
have
C
every word Dr. Nguyen delivered in lecture.

A. her
her
B. theirs’
C. us students
D. No change is necessary.
Grammar Bytes!
provides additional
handouts and exercises on
pronoun case.
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The End.