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Internal

OME201102 HUAWEI BTS3012


Hardware Structure

ISSUE 1.0
www.huawei.com

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Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
 Know the functions and features of BTS
 Master the BTS hardware structure
 Master the cable connection of BTS

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References

 BTS3012 Technical Manual

 BTS3012 Installation Manual

 BTS3012 User Manual

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Chapter 1 Overview

Chapter 2 System Components

Chapter 3 Signal Processing

Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System

Chapter 5 Typical configuration

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Location
Um Interface

PSTN
MS TUP,ISUP
BTS3012 ISDN
BSC PSPDN
A Interface
MS MSC/VLR

MAP
BTS3012

BTS3012 HLR/AUC/EIR
SMC/VM
MS OMC
BTS3012

MS: Mobile Station BTS: Base Transceiver Station BSC: Base Station Controller
HLR: Home Location Register AUC: Authentication Center EIR: Equipment Identity Register
MSC: Mobile Switching Center VLR: Visitor Location Register SMC: Short Message Center
VM: Voice Mailbox OMC: Operation and Maintenance Center

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Features and Functions

 Support GSM800M、850M、900M、1800M、1900M

 Support networking topology includes star, tree, chain and ring

 Support A5/1 and A5/2 encryption/decryption

 Support GPRS and EDGE

 Support dynamic and static power control

 Support the omni-directional coverage and directional


coverage

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Features and Functions

 Double Transceiver Unit (DTRU). A single cabinet can support


up to 12 carriers. It can smoothly evolve into WCDMA
 Transmit diversity, 4-receive diversity

 Support Power Boost Technology (PBT)

 BTS3012 can share cabinet with WCDMA base station. The


module of WCDMA base station can be inserted in the
BTS3012 cabinet
 Support more various transmission mode includes E1, STM-1,
microwave, and satellite transmission
 The DTRU of the BTS3012 can be inserted into
BTS30/BTS312 with -48V DC power supply

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Chapter 1 Overview

Chapter 2 System Components

Chapter 3 Signal Processing

Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System

Chapter 5 Typical configuration

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Hardware structure
Abis Interface Um Interface
TBUS/DBUS/CBUS
Monitor
BITS Extension
cabinet
M
E DATU
L TMA TMA MS
C DTRU
E1 DAFU

DTMU TMA TMA

E1 DTRU DAFU
fiber
Metro 100 FH_BUS
TMA TMA
DEMU DTRU DAFU

NFCB
DATU

Common subsystem Double transceiver Forepart of RF Antenna and feeder


subsystem Subsystem subsystem

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BTS3012 Cabinet and Boards
D D D D
M E E S
L L L A Power and
C C C C EMC

D D D D D D
C D C D C D
O P O P O P
M U M U M U

Wiring

D D D D D D
T T T T T T
R R R R R R
U U U U U U

Wiring
FAN
Air Inlet

D D D D D D
T T E C C A
M M M S C T
U U U U U U
Wiring & Air Inlet
Transmission Unit
Transmission Unit

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BTS3012 Cabinet and Boards
Abbreviations Description
DTRU Double Transceiver Unit
DTMU Transmission & Timing & Management Unit for DTRU BTS
DCCU Cable Connection Unit for DTRU BTS
DAFU Antenna Front-end Unit for DTRU BTS
DDPU Dual Duplexer Unit for DTRU BTS
DCOM Combining Unit for DTRU BTS
DATU Antenna and TMA Control Unit for DTRU BTS
DMLC Monitor Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS
DELC E1 Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS
DSAC Signal Access Card for DTRU BTS
DCSU Combined cabinet Signal connection Unit for DTRU BTS
DEMU Environment Monitoring Unit for DTRU BTS
DCTB Cabinet Top Backplane for DTRU BTS
FAN Box NodeB Fan Controlling and monitoring Board

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Common Subsystem

 DTMU Transmission timing& management unit for DTRU BTS

 DEMU Environment Monitoring Unit for DTRU BTS

 DCSU Combined cabinet Signal connection Unit for DTRU


BTS
 DCCU Cable Connection Unit for DTRU BTS

 DATU Antenna and TMA control unit for DTRU BTS

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Functions of DTMU

 Providing the external GPS input, the BITS synchronized clock


input
 Providing 4-route or 8-route E1 input,backup between the
active and standby boards
 Providing local MMI maintenance of the 10 M network port

 Controlling, maintaining, and operating the BTS

 Providing fault management, configuration management,


performance management, and security management
 Supporting 8-route digital alarm input. Two routes are lightning
arrester failure alarm detection

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Structure of DTMU

DTMU

MMI CBUS2
LMT MCU

OML

Abis DBUS DTRU


BSC BIU

Clock
External Subrack number
synchronized clock and clock
MCK

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Indicators on DTMU
Indicator Color Description Status Meaning DTMU
RUN Green Indicates Slow flash (0.25 Hz) OML is blocked RUN
operation Slow flash (0.5 Hz) Normal ACT
Fast flash at uncertain BSC data loading PLL
intervals LIU1
Off Power failure of the board LIU2
ACT Green Indicates Off Standby LIU3
whether the On Active LIU4
board is
active or SWT
standby ALM
PLL Green Indicates the Off Abnormal
clock status On Free-run RST
Fast flash (4 Hz) Pull-in
MMI
Fast flash (1 Hz) Lock
LIU1 Green Indicates the Off E1 port 1 is normal when SWT is out
transmission E1 port 5 is normal when SWT is on T2M
status of E1 On E1 port 1 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out
port 1 and E1 port 5 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on FCLK
port 5
Fast flash (4 Hz) E1 port 1 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out
E1 port 5 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on T13M

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Indicators on DTMU
Indicator Color Description Status Meaning DTMU
LIU2 Green Indicates the Off E1 port 2 is normal when SWT is out RUN
transmission status of E1 port 6 is normal when SWT is on
E1 port 2 and port 6 ACT
On E1 port 2 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out
E1 port 6 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on PLL
Fast flash (4 E1 port 2 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out LIU1
Hz) E1 port 6 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on LIU2
LIU3 Green Indicates the Off E1 port 3 is normal when SWT is out LIU3
transmission status of E1 port 7 is normal when SWT is on
LIU4
E1 port 3 and port 7 On E1 port 3 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out
SWT
E1 port 7 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on
Fast flash (4 E1 port 3 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out ALM
Hz) E1 port 7 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on
LIU4 Green Indicates the Off E1 port 4 is normal when SWT is out RST
transmission status of E1 port 8 is normal when SWT is on
E1 port 4 and port 8 On E1 port 4 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out MMI
E1 port 8 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on
Fast flash (4 E1 port 4 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out
Hz) E1 port 8 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on T2M
SWT Green Indicates handover Off LIU1 to LIU4 indicate the transmission status of E1 port
status of E1 1 to 4. FCLK
On LIU1 to LIU4 indicate the transmission status of E1 port
5 to 8. T13M
ALM Red Alarm indicators Off No hardware alarm
On Hardware alarm

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Interface on the DTMU panel

Interface Type Description


T2M SMB (female) Outputs reference testing clock
FCLK SMB (female) 216.7 Hz frame clock
T13M SMB (female) 13M primary reference clock
MMI RJ45 Near end maintenance network port

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Functions of DEMU
 The DEMU is placed in slots 2 to 4 and slot 7 of the common subrack with
the DATU. The DEMU is an optional module. There is maximum one
DEMU under full configuration.
 Monitoring variations in the smoke, water, temperature, humidity, infrared,
and access control ,Handling alarms
 Guaranteeing normal operation of the equipment

 Output of 6-route Boolean value and input of 32-route main node alarms

Monitor signal CBUS3


DMLC DEMU

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Functions of DCSU

 The Combined Cabinet Signal


Connection Unit for DTRU BTS DTMU
(DCSU) is placed in slot 5 of the
common subrack, which is DCCU
located in the lower part of the
DTRB
cabinet. There is only one DCSU DCMB
DCSU
and it is mandatory DCTB

 The DCSU transfers signals for DEMU


the combined cabinet and cabinet
group between the common DATU
subrack and the cabinet top
subrack

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The interfaces on the DCSU panel

DCSU

Silk- Screen Type Description

CC_OUT MD64 (female) For cable output from the combined cabinet CC_OUT

CC_IN MD64 (female) For cable input to the combined cabinet CC_IN

To_DTRB MD64 (female) Connecting to the DTRB through cables


TO_DTRB

Connecting to the cabinet top subrack through


TOP2 DB26 (female)
cables TOP2

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Switch of DCSU

SW6 SW7
GM51DCSU VERB
SW9
SW10

SW8

SW5

SW14 SW4

SW13 SW3

SW12 SW2

SW11

SW1

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Functions of DCCU

 The DCCU is placed in slot 6 of


DTMU
the common subrack. There is
only one DCCU and it is NFCB
DCMB DCCU
mandatory
DCTB
 Converting the input and output DCSU
signals of the common subrack.
DEMU
 Inputting the power of the
common subrack
DATU

 Providing EMI filtering

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The interfaces on the DCCU panel

Silk- DCCU
Type Description
Screen
MD64
TRAN For E1 signal input
(female)
DB26
To_FAN Connects to the fan panel through cables TRAN
(female)
MD64 Connects to the cabinet top subrack through
TO_TOP1
(female) cables
To_FAN

POWER 3V3 For power input of the common unit


TO_TOP1

POWER

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Functions of DATU
DATU

 The DATU is placed in slots 2 to 4 and slot 7 of the RUN

common subrack with the DEMU. It is optional and ACT


ALM
there are maximum two DATUs
 Transmitting the remote electrical tilt unit (RET)
control signals ANT0

 Feeding the TMA ANT1

ANT2
 Communicating with the DTMU through CBUS3 for
control and alarm report ANT3

ANT4

ANT5

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Cabinet Top Access Subsystem

 DMLC( Monitor Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS)

 DELC(E1 Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS)

 DSAC(Signal Access Card for DTRU BTS)

CKB2

DCF
D D D D
M E E S
L L L A
C C C C

CKB1
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Function of DMLC
DMLC

 The DMLC is placed in slots 0 to 2 of the cabinet top


subrack with the DELC. There is only one DMLC and
it is optional DMLC
 Thirty-two-route Boolean value input SWIN

 Six-route Boolean value output

 Four-route analog input


SWOUT
 Smoke/water/access
control/infrared/humidity/temperature sensor signal
input
AIN

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Function of DELC

 The DELC is placed in slots 0 to 2 of the cabinet DELC

top subrack with the DMLC


 The DELC is mandatory and there is one DELC
under minimum configuration
 Without the DMLC, there are maximum three
DELCs, supporting up to 12 routes of protected E1 TR

signals

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Function of DSAC
DSAC

 The DSAC is placed in slot 3 of the cabinet top

COM 2
subrack. There is only one DSAC and it is mandatory

S1+S1-S2+S2-
 Six-route Boolean value input.

 Two-route CBUS3 output

 Two-route input of lightning protection arrester failure

COM1
alarm
 Access protection of BITS clock input

EAC
SYNC
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Double transceiver subsystem

 DTRU(Double Transceiver Unit)

 DTRB
DTRU

DTRU

DTRB DTRU

DTRU

DTRU

DTRU

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Functions of DTRU

 RF subsystem transmit part. Converts the basband signals on the two


TRXs to the RF signals. Supports up-frequency conversion of the signals
and RF frequency hopping.Filters, amplifies, and outputs the combined
signals
 RF subsystem receive part.Devides and modulates the RF signals on the
two TRXs.Supports transmit receive and RF frequency hopping
 Baseband processing part.Processes signals.Supports coding and
decoding, interleaving and de-interleaving, modulation and
demodulation.Supports voice fax services.Supports data services in
Phase II, GPRS services, and EDGE services.Supports transmit diversity
and 4-way receive diversity.Amplifies the output power

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Functional structure of DTRU

 DTRU Baseband and RF Unit (DBRU)

 DTRU Power Amplifier Unit (DPAU)

 DTRU Power Supply Unit (DTPS)

DTRU

DPAU

DTMU DAFU
DBRU

DTPS

- 48V DC

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Indicators on DTRU
Indicator Color Description Status Meaning DTRU
RUN Green Indicates the running On There is power supply or the board is faulty. TX1
and power-on of the Off There is no power supply and the board is
DTRU faulty. IN1
Slow flash (0.25 The board is starting.
Hz) TCOM
Slow flash (0.5 Hz) The board is running.
Fast flash (2.5 Hz) The DTMU is sending configuraiton IN2
parameters to the DTRU.
ACT Green Indicates the TRX is On The board is running (the DTMU sends TX2
working configuration parameters to the DTRU
correctly and the cell is starting). All the
RST
channels on the two carriers can work
normally. RUN
Off Communication between DTRU and DTMU is ACT
not set up ALM
Slow flash (0.5Hz) Only parts of the logic channels are working RF_IND
normally (including after TRX mutual aid).
ALM Red Indicates alarm On (including Critical alarm occurs to the board. RXM1
high-frequency RXD1
flash) RXM2
Off The board is normal.
RXD2
RF_IND Red RF interface On Standing wave alarm
indicators Off Normal PWR
Slow flash (0.5 Hz) RL alarm

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Indicators on DTRU
Interface Type Description DTRU

TX1 N (male) TX1 output signals: TX1

Output to the forepart of the RF when not in combiner IN1


Output to IN1 in combiner
TCOM
IN1 SMA (female) Connects to TX1 in combiner
TCOM N (male) Combines and outputs IN1 and IN2 or implements PBT combined IN2
output
TX2
IN2 SMA (female) Connects to TX2 in combiner
TX2 N (male) TX2 output signals: RST

Output to the forepart of the RF when not in combiner RUN


ACT
Output to IN2 in combiner
ALM
RXM1 SMA (female) Main or diversity 1 receive port of carrier 1 RF_IND
RXD1 SMA (female) Diversity 1 or 2 receive port of carrier 1 RXM1
RXM2 SMA (female) Main receive port of carrier 2 or Diversity 3 receive port of carrier 1 RXD1
RXM2
RXD2 SMA (female) Diversity receive port of carrier 2 or Diversity 4 receive port of RXD2
carrier 1
PWR
PWR 3V3 Power supply

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DTRU transmit mode

 Transmit independence

 Transmit diversity

 PBT

 Wideband transmit combination

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DTRU transmit mode-transmit independence

TX1

TX
IN1
TCOM combiner

IN2
TRX0
TX2

RXM1
TX
RXD1

RXM2 TRX1
RXD2

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DTRU transmit mode-transmit diversity

TX1 Man made multi way


TX
IN1

TCOM combiner
TRX0
IN2
TX2

TX

TRX1

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DTRU transmit mode-PBT

TX1 Same phase


TX
IN1
TCOM
combiner

IN2 TRX0

TX2

TX

TRX1

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DTRU transmit mode-wideband transmit combination

TX1

IN1
TX
TCOM
combiner
TRX0
IN2

TX2

TX

TRX1

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DTRU receive mode

 Receive independence

 Receive diversity

 4-way receive diversity

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DTRU receive mode- Receive independence

TX1
TX
IN1

TCOM combiner
TRX0
IN2

TX2

RXM1
divider
RXD1 TX
divider

RXM2
TRX1
RXD2

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DTRU receive mode- Receive diversity

TX1
TX
IN1

TCOM combiner
TRX0
IN2

TX2

RXM1
divider
RXD1 TX
divider

RXM2 TRX1
RXD2

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DTRU receive mode- 4-way receive diversity

TX1
TX
IN1

TCOM combiner

IN2
TRX0
TX2

RXM1
divider
RXD1 TX
divider

RXM2
TRX1
RXD2

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Intra structure of DTRU
TX1
TX
IN1

TCOM combiner
TRX0
IN2

TX2

RXM1 divider
TX
RXD1 divider

RXM2 TRX1
RXD2

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Functions of DTRB

 The DTRB is placed in the DTRU


subrack. It has six slots, each DTRU
holding one DTRU
DTRU
 The DTRB provides connections
between the DCSU and the DTRU. DTRB DTRU

All the onsite signals are provided to


DTRU
the DCSU through the DTRB
DTRU

DTRU

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Front-End of the RF Subsystem

 DDPU (Dual Duplexer Unit for DTRU BTS)

 DCOM (Combining Unit for DTRU BTS)

D D D D D D

C D C D C D
NBBI
O P O P O P

M U M U M U

0 1 2 3 4 5

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Functions of DDPU

 The DDPU is intermixed with the DCOM in the DAFU subrack


of the forepart of RF subsystem. It is indispensable. Generally,
the number of DDPU is one at least and three at most. Without
the DCOM, there can be at most six DDPUs
 Sending multi RF signals from the transceiver in the DTRU to
the antenna through the duplexer
 Sending signals from the antenna after amplifying and
quartering them to the transceiver in the DTRU
 Detecting standing wave alarms in the Antenna Feeder system

 Receiving the gain control of the low noise amplifier

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Functional structure of the DDPU
ANTA ANTB

duplexer divider duplexer divider

TXA
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
TXB
RXB1
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4

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Indicators on DDPU
ANTB
Indicator Color Description Status Meaning ANTA
RUN Green Indicates the DDPU is On There is power supply and the board is faulty.
running and powerd on DDPU
Off There is no power supply or the board is
RUN
faulty.
ALM
Slow flash (0.5 Hz) The board is running normally. VSWRA
VSWRB
Fast flash (2.5 Hz) The DTMU is sending configuration
parameters to the DDPU or the DDPU is
loading software programs.
COM
ALM Red Indicates an alarm On (including high- There is alarm(including standing wave alarm)
frequency flash) and the board is faulty.
Off No fault POWER
Slow flash (0.5 Hz) The board is starting or loading the newest
application programs
VSWRA Red Indicates a standing Slow flash (0.5 Hz) Standing wave alarm occurs to Channel A RXA1
wave alarm of Channel
On Standing wave critical alarm occurs to RXA2 TXA
A
Channel A RXA3
Off No standing wave alarm occurs to Channel A RXA4
RXB1
VSWRB Red Indicates a standing Slow flash (0.5 Hz) Standing wave alarm occurs to Channel B
wave alarm of Channel RXB2
On Standing wave critical alarm occurs to
B RXB3 TXB
Channel B
RXB4
Off No standing wave alarm occur to Channel B

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Interface on DDPU
ANTB
Interface Type Description ANTA

COM DB26 Sends to the DDPU control signals, communication signals, DDPU
(female) clock signals and subrack number RUN
POWER 3V3 Power supply input ALM
VSWRA
TXA N (male) Input of the TX signals sent from the DTRU VSWRB
Input of the DCOM combining signals
TXB N (male) Input of the TX signals sent from the DTRU
COM
Input of the DCOM combining signals
RXA1 SMA (female) Main 1 output port
RXA2 SMA (female) Main 2 output port POWER

RXA3 SMA (female) Main 3 output port


RXA4 SMA (female) Main 4 output port
RXA1
RXB1 SMA (female) Diversity 1 output port RXA2 TXA
RXB2 SMA (female) Diversity 2 output port RXA3
RXA4
RXB3 SMA (female) Diversity 3 output port
RXB1
RXB4 SMA (female) Diversity 4 output port RXB2
ANTA DIN (female) RF jumper port RXB3 TXB
RXB4
ANTB DIN (female) RF jumper port

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Functions of DCOM
DCOM

 The DCOM is placed in the DAFU subrack


with the DDPU
ONSHELL
 The DCOM is optional and there are a
maximum three DCOMs. The DTRU
combines two carriers into one channel. The TX-COM

DCOM is required when the DTRUs are


insufficent TX1

 The DCOM combines the 2-route DTRU


transmission signals and outputs them to the
DDPU TX2

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Interfaces on DCOM

Interface Type Description


ONSHEL DB26 For indentification of the board type of DCOM
L (female) and on-site status
TX— N (male) Output of combining signals from the DCOM
COM to DDPU
TX1 N (male) TX signal input from the DTRU to DCOM
TX2 N (male) TX signal input from the DTRU to DCOM

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Functions of FAN BOX
 The FAN BOX forms a loop with the air inlet box to provide forced
ventilation and dissipation for the common subrack, the DTRU subrack,
and the DAFU subrack
 The FAN Box is mandatory with four independent axial flow fans. The
fans' speed and running status are controlled by the Fan Controlling and
Monitoring Board

STATE FAN

PWR
COM

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Indicators on FAN BOX

Indicator Color Status Meaning


STATE Green Fast flash (4 Hz) Communication between the NFCB
and the DTMU is abnormal. There is
no alarm
Red Fast flash (4 Hz) Alarm occurs to the board
Green Slow flash (0.5 The board is running normally
Hz)
Orange (red On The board software is being ungraded
and green)
Green or red or Off There is no power supply and the
orange board is faulty

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Chapter 1 Overview

Chapter 2 System Components

Chapter 3 Signal Processing

Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System

Chapter 5 Typical configuration

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System Signal Flow

 the signal flow of the service and signaling include


 DL Signal Flow
 UL Signal Flow
 Signaling Processing Signal Flow
 Clock Signal Flow
 Combined Cabinet Signal Flow

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DL Signal Flow
Um

D
D
P
Antenna U
MS Feeder

D
T
R
U

D Abis
T
M
U
BSC
BTS3012 Cabinet

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DL Signal Flow

 The DL signal flow includes the following steps:

 The DTMU receives the service data from the BSC,


exchanges and processes it, and then transfers it to the
DTRU
 The DTRU performs digital filtering, up conversion, and
filter amplification of the signals and sends the signals to
the DDPU
 The duplexer in the DDPU filters the signals sent from the
DTRU and transmits the signals through antennas and
feeders

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UL Signal Flow

Um

D
A
F
Antenna U
MS Feeder

D
T
R
U

D Abis
T
M
U
BSC
BTS3012 Cabinet

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UL Signal Flow

 The UL signal flow includes the following steps:

 The antenna receives the signals transmitted from the MS. After being
amplified by the TMA, the signals are transmitted to the DDPU through
the feeder.The TMA is optional. It is used to compensate the feeder loss
and enhance receiver sensitivity of the DDPU antenna port
 The DDPU receives the signals and transmits the signals to the DTRU
after they are filtered by the duplexer and amplified by the LNA
 The DTRU receives the signals and transmits the signals to the DTMU
after amplification and down conversion. The DTMU then transmits the
signals to the BSC through the Abis interface

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Signaling Processing Signal Flow

BSC
Abis
DTMU DTRU DDPU

BTS3012

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Signaling Processing Signal Flow

 The signaling processing signal flow includes the following steps:

 The Abis interface board receives the signaling data from the BSC
and transmits the data to the DTMU
 The DTMU performs decision and processing on the signaling and
transmits the signaling to the DTRU and DDPU
 The DTRU and DDPU report board status to the DTMU
 The DTMU obtains the status of the BTS3012 by collecting and
analyzing the status of all boards and transmits the information to
the BSC through the Abis interface

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Clock Signal Flow

A-bis Boards in main


DTMU cabinet
Clock distribution
cable between
cabinets

Boards in slave
cabinet

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Clock Signal Flow Description

 The clock signal flow includes the following steps:

 The external reference clock is transmitted to the clock


module in the DTMU through the Abis interface
 The clock module performs phase lock and frequency
division on the clock signals to generate different clock
signals for BTSs
 The clock signals are transmitted to the modules in the
main cabinet such as the DTRU and the DDPU
 The clock signals are transmitted to the modules in the
slave cabinets through the clock distribution cable

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Chapter 1 Overview

Chapter 2 System Components

Chapter 3 Signal Processing

Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System

Chapter 5 Typical configuration

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Antenna Feeder subsystem

Antenna

Antenna Antenna
Feeder support
Jumpers
TMA Jumper

TMA Jumper

Feeder
Jumper

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Antenna
 In mobile communications systems, the antenna consists of an
array of element antennas, as shown in Figure

Element Element
antenna antenna

Feeding
Feeding network
Feeding network
network

Antenna
Antenna
connector
connector
Directional antenna Omnidirectional antenna

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Antenna
 BTS3012 antennas are classified:

 By radiation features in horizontal directions: omnidirectional


antennas and directional antennas
 By polarization features: single polarization antennas and dual
polarization antennas

Omnidirectional Single polarization Dual polarization


antenna antenna antenna

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Lightning Arrester

feeder

Lightning Arrester is used to


prevent the equipment from being
damaged by the lightening current
inducted by the core line of the
feeder

jumper

Lightning Arrester

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Types of Main Feeder

 7/8 inch

 Cable loss=0.043dB/m
 5/4 inch

 Cable loss=0.032dB/m
 1/2 inch jumper

 Cable loss=0.11dB/m
 Used between the antenna and the main feeder
 Between the antenna and the tower-top amplifier
 Between the cabinet and the lightning arrester

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TMA

 The tower mounted amplifier (TMA) is a low noise amplification module


installed on the tower top. The TMA is optional. The triplex TMA is usually
used and installed close to the antenna. The triplex TMA consists of triplex
filter, low noise amplification, and feeder

Sending TMA
filter

BTS
Feeder Bypass

Lower
noise
Receiving amplific Receiving
filter -ation filter

DC

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Antenna Pattern

 The antenna pattern describes the radiating abilities of


antennas in all directions

360¡ ã 120¡ ã 90¡ ã 65¡ ã


Omni Antenna Directional antenna

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Polarization
 Two main types of polarization

 Vertical polarization
 Horizontal polarization
 The types of antenna divided by
polarization
 Single polarized antenna
− Vertical polarization for GSM
− One port for one feeder
 Dual polarized antenna
− +45 degree and -45 degree
− Two ports for two feeders

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Chapter 1 Overview

Chapter 2 System Components

Chapter 3 Signal Processing

Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System

Chapter 5 Typical configuration

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Configuration Principles

 The configuration principles of the BTS3012 cabinet are as follows:

 The minimum antenna rule


use as few as possible antennas for cell configuration.
 The minimum cabinet rule
use as few as possible cabinets for cell configuration.
 The complete synchronous cell rule
all TRXs of a synchronous cell are configured in the same cabinet group
 The basic cabinet priority rule
TRXs are configured in the basic cabinet in preference, and the number
of TRXs in the basic cabinet is not less than that in any extension cabinet

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Configuration Principles

 The BTS3012 supports the omnidirectional coverage and the directional


coverage.
 The BTS3012 supports the combination of two cabinets to form one group
and the combination of three cabinet groups.
 The BTS3012 supports the transmit diversity and 4-way diversity receive.

 The DCOM combines two carriers into one channel (the two-into-one
function). The DCOM is required when the DTRUs are not sufficient.
 The BTS3012 uses DTRU. One single cabinet supports up to 12 TRXs in
full configuration.
 The maximum number of carriers is eight in a cell with a pair of dual
polarization antennas or two omnidirectional antennas of a single
sectorized cell

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Typical configuration S1/1/1
(transmit independence mode) DDPU

RXA1
 S1/1/1 transmit independence mode, RXA2
TX A

Each cell is configured one DTRU and RXA3

RXA4

one DDPU. RXB1


RXB2
TX B

 The connection for one cell is showed RXB3

RXB4

in the right slide


TX 1

 BSC data configuration should be : IN 1

transmit independence mode ,receive TCOM

IN2
independence mode
TX 2

 Cabinet Top power(dBm):(46 or RXM 1

47.8)-1.0 RXD 1

RXM 2

RXD 2

DTRU

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Typical configuration S1/1/1
(transmit diversity+4-way receive diversity)
 S1/1/1 transmit diversity+4-way DDPU DDPU

receive mode,each cell is RXA1

RXA2
RXA1

RXA2
TX A TX A
configured one DTRU and two RXA3 RXA3

RXA4 RXA4

DDPU RXB1 RXB1


RXB2 RXB2
TX B TX B

 BSC data configuration should be : RXB3 RXB3

RXB4 RXB4

 transmit diversity mode TX 1

IN 1
 4-way receive mode TCOM

 Cabinet Top power(dBm): IN2

TX 2
(46 or 47.8)-1.0
RXM 1

RXD 1

RXM 2

RXD 2

DTRU

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Typical configurationS2/2/2
(transmit independence mode) DDPU

RXA1

 S2/2/2 transmit independence mode, RXA2


TX A
RXA3
Each cell is configured one DTRU and RXA4

one DDPU RXB1


RXB2
TX B
RXB3
 The connection for one cell is showed in RXB4

the right slide TX 1

 BSC data configuration should be : IN 1

TCOM

 transmit independence mode ,receive IN2

diversity mode TX 2

 Cabinet Top power(dBm):(46 or 47.8)


RXM 1

RXD 1

-1.0 RXM 2

RXD 2

DTRU

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Typical configurationS2/2/2
(PBT mode) DDPU

RXA1

RXA2
TX A
RXA3

 S2/2/2 PBT mode,each cell is RXA4

RXB1
configured two DTRU and one RXB2
TX B

DDPU RXB3

RXB4

 The connection for one cell is TX 1 TX 1

showed in the right slide IN 1 IN 1

TCOM TCOM

 BSC data configuration should be : IN2 IN2

PBT mode TX 2 TX 2

receive independence mode RXM 1 RXM 1

RXD 1 RXD 1

 Cabinet Top power(dBm): RXM 2 RXM 2

RXD 2 RXD 2
49=80W
DTRU DTRU

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Typical configuration S4/4/4
( wideband transmit combination mode ) DDPU

 S4/4/4 wideband transmit combination RXA1

RXA2

mode ,each cell is configured two


TX A
RXA3

RXA4
DTRU and one DDPU RXB1
RXB2

 BSC data configuration should be :


TX B
RXB3

wideband transmit combination mode ,


RXB4

receive diversity mode TX 1 TX 1

IN 1 IN 1

 Cabinet Top power(dBm):(46 or TCOM TCOM

47.8)-3.3-1.0 IN2 IN2

TX 2 TX 2

RXM 1 RXM 1

RXD 1 RXD 1

RXM 2 RXM 2

RXD 2 RXD 2

DTRU DTRU

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Typical Configuration S1/2/1
DDPU DDPU DDPU
 S1/2/1,cell1 and cell 3 need
RXA1 RXA1 RXA1

share one DTRU, cell 2 need RXA2


TX A
RXA2
TX A
RXA2
TX A
RXA3 RXA3 RXA3
configure one DTRU and one RXA4 RXA4 RXA4

RXB1 RXB1 RXB1


DDPU. RXB2 RXB2 RXB2
TX B TX B TX B
RXB3 RXB3 RXB3

 BSC data configuration RXB4 RXB4 RXB4

should be : TX 1 TX 1

IN 1 IN 1
DTRU1:transmit TCOM TCOM

independence mode, IN2 IN2

receive independence mode; TX 2 TX 2

DTRU2:transmit RXM 1 RXM 1

independence mode , RXD 1 RXD 1

RXM 2 RXM 2
receive independence RXD 2

diversity mode DTRU


RXD 2
DTRU

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Typical configuration S8/8/8

 S8/8/8 cell 1 and cell 3 DDPU

Tx-com RXA1 Tx-com


are configured 4 RXA2
TX A
TX1 RXA3 TX1
DTRU,2 DCOM and 1 RXA4
RXB1
DDPU RXB2
TX B
TX 2 RXB3 TX 2
RXB4
 BSC data configuration
should be :wideband TX 1
TX 1
TX 1
TX 1
IN 1 IN 1
transmit combination TCOM
IN 1
TCOM
IN 1
TCOM TCOM
mode ,receive diversity IN2
IN2
IN2
IN2
TX 2 TX 2
mode TX 2 TX 2

 Cabinet top power


(dBm):(46 or 47.8)
DTRU DTRU
DTRU DTRU
-3.3-3.3-1.0

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Typical configuration S8/8/8
RF-EX1 RF-EX1
RF-EX2 RF-EX2
 S8/8/8 cell2 is RF-EX3 RF-EX3
configured 4 DTRU,2 RF-EX4 RF-EX4

DCOM and 2 DDPU, cell


2 need cross the cabinet
DDPU DDPU

 BSC data configuration RXA1 Tx-com RXA1 Tx-com


RXA2 RXA2
TX A TX A
TX1 TX1
should be:wideband RXA3
RXA4
RXA3
RXA4
RXB1 RXB1
transmit combination RXB2
RXB3
TX B
TX 2
RXB2
RXB3
TX B
TX 2

mode ,receive diversity RXB4 RXB4

mode TX 1
TX 1
TX 1
TX 1
IN 1 IN 1
IN 1 IN 1
TCOM TCOM
 Attention:only support IN2
TCOM
IN2
TCOM

IN2 IN2

frequency hopping TX 2
TX 2
TX 2
TX 2

DTRU DTRU
DTRU DTRU

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Combined Cabinet Signal Flow
Data cable Main Data cable Slave
Slave Main
Control cable cabinet cabinet
cabinet cabinet
Control cable of Control cable of
of main of main Clock cable slave slave
cabinet cabinet
Clock cable cabinet Clock cable cabinet
group group
group group

 The connection of the signal cables of the combined cabinet is as


follows:
 The main and slave cabinets are connected by the data cables,
control cables, and clock cables
 The main and slave combined cabinets are connected by the clock
cables and control cables
 The main and slave cabinets and combined cabinets require the
DIP switches

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Summary  Functions and features of BTS3012
 BTS3012 hardware structure
 Antenna and feeder system
 Typical configuration

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