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An ADJECTIVE can exist in 3 forms:

Positive

Comparative

Superlative
An ADJECTIVE can exist in 3 forms:

Positive

Comparative

Superlative
An ADJECTIVE can exist in 3 forms:

Positive

Comparative

Superlative
Adjective, Comparative, Superlative

best
better
good
Adjective, Comparative, Superlative

worst
worse
bad
Positive No compare
Degree
General sense

tall
Ex:
Tom is a tall boy

Eifel tower is a tall man-made


structure.

One noun-person with one quality – ‘tall’


adjective in positive form
 Two nouns having the same quality.
Degree of
Equality  The common conjunction used is “as … as”.
 Use the adverbs almost and nearly

The basic structure : S + to be + as + adj/adv + as + …

To
S as adj as …… ST
be
Ex :
Two cats with the same height and weight, but different colour.

The brown cat is as


beautiful as the grey cat.

John is as strong as James.

Jason is almost as fast as Bryan.


Degree of  Two nouns not having the same quality.
Inequality
 The common conjunction used is “not” + “as
… as”.
 Use the adverbs quiet and nearly.

The structure : S + to be + not + as + adj/adv + as + …

Peter is not as fast as Paul.

They are not same in quality

The brown cat is not as beautiful as the


black and white cat
The adjective or adverb takes ‘r’ or ‘er’ to its positive
form, and is said to be in comparative form.
The conjunction ‘than’ is used to connect the two
clauses.

The structure : S + to be + adj/adv + er + than + …

A horse can run faster than a dog.


Other examples:
Today is hotter than yesterday
Bill runs faster than Bob
This exercise is easier than the last one
Andi works harder than his brother

The structure : S + to be + more + adj/adv + than + …

 This red dress is more comfortable than the


white
 This year’s exhibit is more impressive than the
last year’s
 He visits his family more frequently than she
does
 They are used in sentences where a subject is compared to a
group of objects.
 The adjective or adverb takes the ‘superlative form’, ending with
‘st’ or ‘est’, with the definite article ‘the’ before it.
 The preposition ‘of’ is used when the comparison is among items,
and ‘in’ is used to specify the place, position or area.

S + to be + the + adj/adv + est

The elephant is the largest


of all land animals.
The giraffe is the tallest
of all animals.

S + to be + the most + adj/adv

Susan is the most intelligent girl


in the class.
• Adverbs often give information
about verbs.
Ex: My pone works well.
• Many adjectives can be
changed to adverbs by adding
“ly”

Comparative
Ex: The new printer operates more quietly than the old.

As …..as
Ex: My new pone works as well as my old one.

Superlative
Ex: of these three laptops, the black starts up the most slowly.