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Just

Mother
forNature
fun!

Present Present simple Adverbs of Present tense


continuous frequency contrast

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Complete the Complete the Complete the Complete the


sentences sentences sentences sentences

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Present continuous

They’re doing martial arts right now.


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Present continuous

• We use the present continuous for actions which are happening


at the time of speaking.
• We form the present continuous using:
subject + am / is / are + -ing form of the main verb
Affirmative
I am reading magazines. I’m reading magazines.
Negative
He is not making models. He isn’t making models.
Interrogative Short answers
Are you taking pictures? Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.
• We usually use the contracted form of be after subject
pronouns: I’m, you’re, he’s, she’s, it’s, we’re, they’re
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Present continuous

• We can use the present continuous with present time


expressions such as today, now, right now and at the moment.
They’re playing volleyball at the moment.
We’re reading comics right now.
• Remember the spelling rules for adding the -ing ending:
Normal – add -ing:
sing singing
Verb ending in -e – remove the e and add -ing:
make making
Short vowel + consonant – double the consonant:
stop stopping
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Present continuous

Complete the sentences. Use the present continuous of


the verbs in brackets, or the correct short answer.

1 Josh and Henry (play) _______________


are playing football at the moment.
isn’t dancing (not dance) in a competition today.
2 Lara _______________

3 ‘There’s Matt. _______________


Is he taking (he / take) photos?’
isn’t
‘No, he _____.’
4 ‘Hi Jake. _______________
Are you doing the maths homework at the moment?’
‘Yes, I _____.’
am

aren’t shopping (not shop) right now.


5 The girls _______________

’m chatting
6 I _______________ (chat) to my friends online.
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Present continuous
Make present continuous sentences.

1 she / not read / climb


She isn’t reading. She’s climbing.
2 we / not sleep / listen to music
We aren’t sleeping. We’re listening to music.
3 he / not play volleyball / do homework
He isn’t playing volleyball. He’s doing his homework.
4 they / not watching videos / cook
They aren’t watching videos. They’re cooking.
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Present simple

• We use the present simple for general truths, regular activities,


and routines or habits.

We go swimming every Thursday.


• We can use it with adverbs of frequency, such as always, usually,
often, sometimes, almost never and never.
I sometimes catch the train at 8:00 a.m.
• We usually use the contracted form in the negative.
do not don’t does not doesn’t
I don’t live in London. My mum doesn’t like aeroplanes.
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Present simple

• The spelling changes for the third person form (he / she / it).
Affirmative
I / you / we / they sing. He / She / It sings.
Negative
I / you / we / they don’t sing. He / She / It doesn’t sing.
Interrogative Short answers
Do I / you / we / they sing? Yes, I / you / we / they do.
No, I / you / we don’t.
Does he / she / it sing? Yes, he / she / it does.
No, he / she / it doesn’t.

• Verbs ending -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -z or -o, add -es: watch / watches
• Verbs ending consonant + -y, change -y to -i, add -es: study / studies
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Present simple

Complete the sentences. Use the verbs in brackets.

doesn’t walk
1 Matt _______________ (not walk) to school.
2 _______________
Do they live (they / live) in a big city?
3 Lots of people_______________
play (play) football at the weekend.
4 My sister always _______________
watches (watch) DVDs on Saturdays.
5 I _______________
like don’t like
(like) pizza, but I _______________
(not like) pasta.

doesn’t eat
6 My dog _______________ (not eat) vegetables. It
_______________
eats (eat) meat.
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Present simple

Make present simple sentences and questions.

1 Maria / drink / orange juice in the morning


Maria drinks orange juice in the morning.
2 Sam / listen / to pop music
Sam listens to pop music.
3 We / not get up / at 6:00
We don’t get up at 6:00.
4 Dan / try / to do his homework on time
Dan tries to do his homework on time.
5 you / go / bowling / with your friends / ?
Do you go bowling with your friends?
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Adverbs of frequency

Adverbs of frequency Adverbs of frequency


In present simple sentences, an adverb of
always
usually frequency adverb can go before the verb.
often He always has a shower in the morning.
sometimes
I usually brush my teeth after dinner.
never
We often go to the park after school.
She sometimes goes to bed at 10:00.
Remember: Don’t use never They never do their homework on time.
with a negative verb.
I never go to school late. In sentences with be, put the adverb of frequency
NOT I don’t never go to school after the verb.
late. I’m always on time for school. I’m never late.
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Adverbs of frequency

Complete the sentences.

1 I never play volleyball, but Sarah usually __________


plays (play) after
school.
2 I study in the evening, but my brother always __________
studies (study) at the
weekend.
3 I usually eat eggs for breakfast, but I sometimes __________
eat (eat) fruit.
4 They often go to the cinema, but Maria never __________
goes (go) with them.
watches
5 I watch TV in the afternoon, but my aunt sometimes __________
(watch) TV all day!
6 I never exercise, but my dad always __________
exercises (exercise) in the morning.
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Adverbs of frequency

Look at the prompts and the pictures. Make present simple


sentences with the adverbs of frequency.

always usually often sometimes never

Jenny always goes


1 Jenny on Saturdays
bowling on Saturdays.

We often go shopping
2 We at the weekend
at the weekend.

They sometimes read


3 They in the evening
magazines in the evening.

We never watch videos


4 We in the mornings
in the mornings.

He makes models on
5 He on Fridays
Fridays.
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Present tense contrast

• We use the present simple for permanent situations and regular events.

What does Matt usually do on Fridays?


He plays tennis with his friends.

• We use the present continuous for temporary situations, or


things that are happening now.
Today is Friday. What is Matt doing?
He’s playing tennis with his friends.

• We don’t use the present continuous with like, hate, want, need, know
or believe.
I like bowling. NOT I’m liking bowling.
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Present tense contrast

Complete the sentences. Use the verbs in brackets.

’m reading
1 I’m _______________ (read) a good book at the moment.

gets
2 Tom _______________ (get) the bus to school every day.

’re chatting (chat) online.


3 They usually meet at school, but today they ____________

’m playing
4 I sometimes play football on Mondays, but I _______________ (play)
basketball today.

5 She always _______________


cooks (cook) dinner on Fridays.

’s using
6 My brother _______________ (use) the computer at the moment,
so I can’t do my homework.
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Present tense contrast

Look at the prompts. Make present simple or


present continuous sentences.

1 Dan ____________
plays (play) the piano every day at school, but
’s playing
he ____________ the guitar right now. (play)

2 I can’t go out with you because I ____________


’m doing (do) my homework.
I always ____________
do my homework at five o’clock. (do)
’s wearing (wear) her new dress today. She
3 Sarah ____________
usually ____________
wears jeans and a T-shirt. (wear)
4 Maria and Ellie usually ____________
lose (lose) when they play
’re winning (win)!
this game. But today they ____________
’re singing (sing) that song again! You always
5 You ____________
____________
sing (sing) the same song.