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Implementation of

mobility model for V2V


communication on LTE
using SUMO and NS3.
Supervisor:
Prof. Dr. Muhammad Inayatullah Babar
Presented by:
Abdul Wahid
Haseeb Jan
Momina Bibi
Nadeemullah Babar
Introduction
 Mobility model:-
 Explains the movement of Nodes, how the nodes change their location with
time.
 V2V communication:-
 Vehicle-to-vehicle communication is the wireless transmission of data between
vehicles. The goals is making traffic automatic and safe.
 By allowing vehicles to send speed and position data to one another over an
ad-hoc mesh network.
 LTE for V2V:
 LTE (long term evolution) also known as 4G wireless broadband technology
developed by the third generation Partnership Project (3GPP),
an industry trade group.
(It is basically the evolution of both core network and radio network.)
 LTE has feature for V2V communication unlike 3G or 2G, known as D2D (device
to device.)
Introduction contd.

 SUMO:
 Simulation of Urban Mobility (SUMO) is open source highly portable,
microscopic and continues road traffic simulation package designed to
handle large road networks.
 This simulator is used for making mobility models of vehicles.
 NS3:
 NS3 is discrete event simulator for internet system. Targeted primarily for
research and education purpose.
 On this tool we will apply LTE-V2V on node generated by SUMO.
 And our aim is to find the affective throughputs of SUMO generated
mobility models by using NS3.
Why we select V2V
communication?

???
Answer is,
Invention of vehicles made our life easy
but
at the second side
we need some control system to control traffic
because of
to make it safe and avoid any unwanted conditions
(like traffic jams, or wasting time on finding parking areas.)
Motivation
Accidents have been taking thousands of lives each year
Study shows - “About 60% roadway collisions could be
avoided if the operator of the vehicle was provided warning at
least one-half second prior to a collision”
(- US. Patent No. 5,613,039)

Constraints of human drivers’ perception


Line-of-sight limitation of brake light
Large processing/forwarding delay for emergency events.
Constraints of human drivers’ perception
 Line of Sight Limitation
On foggy days

What’s behind
What’s in front of the bend ?
that bus ?

On rainy days
Vehicular Communications
Overview
BREIF HISTORY
OF
V2V COMMUNICATION
Our journey start from,

 History start from ITS (intelligence Traffic System) 1990 U.S.


 ISTEA(intermodal surface transport efficiency Act.) 1991 by U.S. allocated $660 million
of fund to ITS technology.[1}
 The overall precept was that new transportation efficiencies could be found if current
infrastructure could be married with advanced technology.
 New development in computing, sensors, information system and advanced mathematics
methods could be used to increase the operational capacity of system
 And
 Achieve overall transportation network operations.

1. Sustainable build environment. Vol II. Intelligence transport system (william) see
www.eolss.net/sample-paper/CIS/EI-32-08-05.pdf
V2V communication
 Our main aim is to simulate V2V communication so our discussion is based on
V2V communication.
 At 10th ITS world congress in Madrid Spain in 1999. DOT announced the
initiative of VII(vehicle infrastructure integration) and FCC(U.S Federal
communication commission) allocating 75MHz of spectrum at 5.9GHz for
improving transportation safety and mobility.[2].
 This spectrum is allocated for V2V communication and the technology named
DSRC is working on it.

2. See
apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view:jsessionid=zJy8QddC2zQpyYt2fTQdJTpIqLL3rTmmVZvxb13HPtzwtfMphskN!-
856245186!973241960?id=60009850553
DSRC
Dedicated Short Range Communication
 DSRC is wireless technology used for V2V communication.
 In 1999 the U.S. Federal Communication Commission allocated 75MHz of
spectrum in 5.9GHz to be used by ITS[1].
 In 2008 the European Telecommunication Standard Institute allocated 30MHz
of spectrum in 5.9GHz for ITS[2].
 But
 DSRC used in Japan, Europe and U.S. are not compatible and include some
very significant variation( 5.9GHz, 5.8GHz or even infrared, different baud
rates and different protocols.)

1. Federal communication commission new release October 1999.


2. European Telecommunication Standard institute News release September 2008.
How DSRC work?

 DSRC is dedicated Short Range Communication Technology using Wi-Fi


standard IEEE802.11p.
 In this technology every car receive data and broadcast it in its range.
 Information is conducted from car-to-car.
 Also allow cars to relay warning information send by roadside infrastructure
to one another about emergency to a car ahead or behind.
 Range of DSRC is about 1000m
 For location GPS is used.
Application of DSRC.

 Blind spot warnings


 Forward collision warnings
 Sudden braking ahead warnings
 Do not pass warnings
 Collision avoidance.
 Vehicle safety inspection.
 Electronic parking and toll payments.
DSRC provide us;
 Designed licensed bandwidth
 Fast Network Acquisition
 Low latency
 High reliability when required
 Priority for safety application
 Interoperability
 Security and privacy
limitation of DSRC.

 Very short range that is off up to 1000m.


 Very low bandwidth 30MHz or 75MHz that internet or video connectivity is not
possible.
 Need of extra infrastructure(roadside equipment) for VANETs.
 Not compatible throughout globe i-e different in spectrum, baud rated and
protocols in Japan, Europe and U.S.
 Security is main issue.
(Due to high security methods like encryption decryption cann’t be used due to short
bandwidth.)
So to reduce that limitation
why not add VANETs features
to
MANETs existing architecture.
That is done by 3GPP in LTE
network in 2015 in rel 12
This functionality named as D2D (device-to-device)
Used for direct communication between devices.
Basic safety V2V functionality made its debut in LTE rel 14.
LTE standard

 LTE give us a very high bandwidth i-e;


 1Gbps for static node
 And
 100mbps for high mobility nodes.
LTE for V2V communication.

 3GPP introduce device-to-device functionality in rel 12.


 But in safety V2V functionality in rel 14.
 These are done in 2005.
Comparison of mode 4 with DSRC.
Frame structure when 2 user want to send
CAM message of 192bytes on IEEE802.11p and
LTE-V2V
Our Project
in
V2V on LTE network
is
to find the affective throughputs
Our Work

 We are creating different urban mobility models of vehicles.


 And connect these models to LTE networks.
 And calculating the throughput of different models and discuses its
dependencies on different parameters like number of vehicles distance etc.
SUMO

 For creating mobility models we use SUMO on which we are going to make
map(roads + obstacles) vehicles and its mobility(trips).
 SUMO uses XML language and could be installed in Linux OS(UBUNTU, Fedora).
 Now we translate this mobility models source code by using SUMO to C++
language.
 Because of NS3 uses C++ language.
NS3

 Now we add LTE-V2V connectivity to that models and again compile it by


using NS3.
 Which will give me output tracing file and animating files.
 By using some filter like grep, awk filter out require data from tracing file
 The percentage ratio of data send versus data received is throughput of that
model.