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PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS WITH

CAESAR II

by

Andrey Puruhita
PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS
WITH CAESAR II
 What the different with piping stress ?
 Pipeline burried modeling
 Anchor block restrain
 Load case combination & result
The difference of piping & pipeline
stress analysis
Piping modeling Pipeline modeling

• Code requirement shall use • Code requirement use


ASME B31.3 ASME B31.4 for liquid &
B31.8 for gas transmission
• Usually Underground
• Aboveground
• Shall use anchor block as a
• Many support or restrain restrain from aboveground-
needed underground conversely
Burried Pipe

• Buried pipe deforms laterally in areas


immediately adjacent to changes in directions
• In areas far removed from bends and tees the
deformation is primarily axial
PIPELINE BURRIED MODELING
• The Buried Pipe Modeler is started by selecting an existing
job, and then choosing menu option Input-Underground from
the CAESAR II Main Menu
• Enter the soil data using Buried Pipe - Soil Models
• Describe the sections of the piping system that are buried,
and define any required fine mesh areas using the buried
element data spreadsheet
• Convert the original model into the buried model by the
activation of option Buried Pipe - Convert Input
Input soil models
The buried element description spreadsheet serves
several functions

• It allows the user to define which part of the piping system is


buried.
• It allows the user to define mesh spacing at specific element
ends.
• It allows the input of user defined soil stiffnesses
Burried pipe example
Anchor Block Restrain
• Pipeline with a long distance needs block
valve, there were a change direction from
underground to aboveground
• In this situation pipeline must be installed
with anchor block before and after
aboveground pipe
Why we need anchor block ?

• To prevent stress failed on block valve due to


axial deformation of a long pipeline
Example of block valve modeling

Anchor block

Anchor block
Load Case Combination

• To check stress analysis on pipeline shall use


several load case combination as folow :
• Sustain Load ( W + P)
• Thermal Load (T)
• Combination Load ( W + T + P)
Caesar Stress Result
• CAESAR II STRESS REPORT FILE:FOR TUTORIAL
• CASE 3 (OPE) W+T2+P1 DATE:OCT 1,2009
• --Stress(lb./sq.in.)--- --(lb./sq.in.)--
• ELEMENT BENDING TORSION SIF'S ALLOWABLE
• NODES STRESS STRESS IN/OUT PLANE STRESS STRESS %

• HIGHEST STRESSES: (lb./sq.in.)


• OPE STRESS %: 21.06 @NODE 90
• STRESS: 12636.4 ALLOWABLE: 60000.0
• BENDING STRESS: 3254.8 @NODE 90
• TORSIONAL STRESS: 0.0 @NODE 49
• AXIAL STRESS: 9455.2 @NODE 130
• 3D MAX INTENSITY: 30120.4 @NODE 20

• 60 1357. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10739. 60000. 18.


• 70 919. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10300. 60000. 17.

• 80 1461. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10842. 60000. 18.


• 90 3255. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12636. 60000. 21.

• 90 3255. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12636. 60000. 21.


• 95 2703. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12085. 60000. 20.
THANK YOU