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Goal 6: Clean Water

and Sanitation
Description
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation
for all
Targets
• By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking
water for all
• By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all
and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls
and those in vulnerable situations
• By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and
minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of
untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
• By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure
sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and
substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
• By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels,
including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
• By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains,
forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
• By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to
developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and
programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency,
wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
• Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving
water and sanitation management
Program that has been done in
Indonesia
• PAMSIMAS(Penyediaan Air Minum dan Sanitasi Berbasis Masyarakat)
The PAMSIMAS program is one of the Government's programs in
water supply and sanitation for rural communities through a
community-based approach. Since the PAMSIMAS program began in
2008 until the end of 2015, it has shown a positive impact for the
villagers of PAMSIMAS scattered around 12,000 villages in 233
districts / cities in 32 provinces in Indonesia, except for DKI Jakarta. As a
stimulant program with a community-based approach, the PAMSIMAS
Program places the community as the main actors and is responsible
for the implementation of the activities.
• PAMSIMAS seeks to increase the use of water and sanitation facilities,
and improve hygiene behaviors, by expanding and mainstreaming the
community-driven approach. The project provides grants directly to
communities for local water and sanitation infrastructure and
technical assistance to enhance the role of the community with
capacity building planning, procurement and management, including
community monitoring with a web-based complaint handling
mechanism. Advisory services and training is also provided for
communities to improve their sanitation and hygiene behavior and
practices.
Result of PAMSINAS
As of March 4, 2013, the number of additional people with sustainable access to improved water facilities is 4,826,595 and with
access to improved sanitation facilities is 5,516,847. Approximately 49.83 percent of beneficiaries are women. The scale of the
program is being doubled to include an additional 17 provinces and 100 districts. The project’s achievements since 2006 are:
• Nearly 7,000 (6,833) villages across Indonesia now enjoy access to clean water and improved sanitation.
• More than 44.91 percent of target communities have become Open Defecation Free (ODF), in line with the worldwide OD
trend rate of 40 to 50 percent.
• More than 66.60 percent of communities have adopted hand-washing programs.
• The program has freed up the hours women once spent fetching water.
• The Complaint Handling System is increasing accountability, with an improvement in case resolution from 70 percent in July
2012 to 90 percent in December 2012.
• In terms of capacity building, the program has benefited 3,680 local government personnel, more than 3,827 water boards, and
2,140 facilitators. (in total 17,482 people).
• Performance has improved in terms of community procurement and financial management, influencing the community’s
overall fiduciary capacity.
• Water and sanitation facilities are fully functioning in 72 percent of locations, partly functioning in 22 percent, and non-
functioning in 6 percent, with a changing shift from the use of public facilities to household connections.

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