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ZTE LTE Planning and

Optimization Case
Contents

 HongKong CSL Introduction


 Radio Planning Solution
 Antenna Solution
 Optimization Solution
 Tools Solution
HongKong Radio Network
 Hong Kong, situated on China's south coast
 1,104 km2 land mass with 7 million people
 One of the densest city in the world
 One of economic center of Asia with 7,650 skyscrapers
 Most complicate radio propagation environment 30%

27%

16%

14%

13%

 CSL Hong Kong is the largest mobile operator with 3M subscribers

 The complicate radio environment and cell density are the challenges to the equipment
vendors

 Networking in Hong Kong is one of the most difficult mission in the world

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CSL-ZTE Project Progress

 There are three phases in CSL and ZTE cooperation:


 GSM&UMTS Swapping and upgrading(DC)
 LTE phase1 project, coverage hot traffic area, about 500 2.6G LTE eNodeB;
 LTE expansion project, coverage all HongKong, 1500 1.8G eNodeB + 1500 2.6G eNodeB

Mini NWM Batch iBSC16 cutover NWM cutover (7 CSL cutover NWM/CSL Complete
1 cutover 9sites (143sites) iBSC & 957sites) (920,000 subscribers) merging (1451 sites)

GSM

30, Mar,2009 30, May,2009

Mar, 2008 Mar,2009 18, Apr, 2009 26,Apr, 2009 7,Jul,2009 29,Aug,2009 4,Oct,2009 24, Oct,2009

First batch of 3G 100% 3G


UMTS Started Deliver the HSPA+/64QAM
subscribers subscribers
whole network delivered
migrated migrated

The official ZTE and CSL CSL launched


opening of CSL’s signed LTE commercial ZTE and CSL Expected to
A public LTE commercial commercial LTE service signed LTE finish 2.6/1.8 LTE
LTE LTE Demo expansion contract network rollout
trial contract

2009.9 2009.11 2010.6 2010.11 2012.5 2012.6

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CSL network– Multi technology, multi layer

LTE 2600

UMTS2100 Carrier 3 HSPA+

UMTS2100 Carrier 2 HSPA+ (DC)

UMTS2100 Carrier 1 HSPA+ (DC)

LTE 1800

GSM1800 GPRS EDGE

UMTS900 HSPA+

GSM900 GPRS EDGE


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CSL LTE KPI in Contract

Mini PGP PGP


Common core PGP
(2011-4-1) (2011-12-1)

Taken from DT Taken from PMS Taken from PMS


 DL:25 Mbps  DL:25 Mbps  Equal to or better than
 UL:15 Mbps  UL:15 Mbps current network
 Handover (intra LTE):  Handover (intra LTE):
90% 95%
 Inter-RAT:n/a  Inter-RAT:90%
 PDP Activation Success  PDP Activation Success
Rate:97% Rate:98%
 Dropped Call Rate:2%  Dropped Call Rate:
 Return Rate comparable 1.5%
to current equipment  Return Rate
 Cell availability > 99.5% comparable to current
equipment
 Cell availability > 99.5%

All KPI will be calculated only in contiguous coverage area where the strongest
cell’s RSRP > -105 dBm and SINR > 0 dB

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LTE Terminals and traffic

 After Android terminals are introduced in CSL network, the LTE


traffic increase very quickly
 The network traffic is mainly from Smartphone

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Contents

 HongKong CSL Introduction


 Radio Planning Solution
 Antenna Solution
 Optimization Solution
 Tools Solution
CSL RF Planning Process

Radio
Requirement Project Network
Network
Analysis Planning Evaluation
Analysis

Network
Output
Simulation Site Survey Topology
Solution
Design

LTE RF planning process is almost same as 3G, and should use the
existing 3G data, such as 3G traffic, propagation model, simulation
tools, sites and antenna.

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CSL LTE Network Planning Strategy

 According to the traffic of existing 2G/3G network, start from the traffic hot area,
implement LTE phase by phase, and expend to other area.
 Using 3G to meet the data service requirement in LTE coverage hole, through
reasonable interoperation strategy between LTE and 2/3G.

LTE
2/3G

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LTE and 2G/3G interoperation
Only 2G/3G
coverage

LTE
Coverage
Handover or PS
Keep in redirect to
2G/3G 2G/3G

Fallback to
2G/3G
Idle Mode between
CS 2G/3G and LTE
reselection

Idle Mode Connected Mode

 Redirection between LTE<->2G/3G


 Stamp in LTE Priority;
 Inter-Rate Handoff LTE->3G can support;
 Cell reselection between LTE<-
but Handoff 3G->LTE cannot support
>2G/3G according to
because of UE capacity
coverage
 CS supply only in 2G/3G

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CSL LTE sites distribution map

Blue: 2G sites
Red: LTE1.8G sites
Green: LTE2.6G sites

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Antenna downtilt optimization based on
simulation

Before DT
change

After DT change

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Contents

 HongKong CSL Introduction


 Radio Planning Solution
 Antenna Solution
 Optimization Solution
 Tools Solution
Antenna scene 1

 6 Feeder System Normal without antenna changed


 LTE RRU nearby antenna, and add new feeder cable.
Now Future

CNBPX303F/CNBPX306M/CNBPX306R CNBPX303F/CNBPX306M/CNBPX306R
824-960MHz 1710-2170MHz 1920-2690MHz 824-960MHz 1710-2170MHz 1920-2690MHz
P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6
+45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45°

Triasx Triasx
DBC0010F4V2-1 DBC0010F4V2-1
Combiner Combiner
1800 2100 1800 2100

TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX ANT1 ANT2

900MHz 1800MHz 2100MHz 900MHz 1800MHz 2100MHz 2600MHz


R8860 R8860 R8840 R8860 R8860 R8840 R8880

Roof line Roof line

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Antenna scene 2

 6 Feeder System Normal with antenna changed


 LTE RRU nearby antenna, and add new feeder cable
Now Future

CNNPX303F/CNNPX306M/CNNPX306R CNBPX303F/CNBPX306M/CNBPX306R
824-960MHz 1710-2170MHz 1710-2170MHz 824-960MHz 1710-2170MHz 1920-2690MHz
P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6
+45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45°

Triasx Triasx
DBC0010F4V2-1 DBC0010F4V2-1
Combiner Combiner
1800 2100 1800 2100

TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX ANT1 ANT2

900MHz 1800MHz 2100MHz 900MHz 1800MHz 2100MHz 2600MHz


R8860 R8860 R8840 R8860 R8860 R8840 R8880

Roof line Roof line

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Antenna scene 3

 4 Feeder System(with existing 900/2100 NodeB sites)without


antenna changed
 LTE RRU nearby antenna, and add new feeder cable.
Now Future

CNBPX303F/CNBPX306M/CNBPX306R CNBPX303F/CNBPX306M/CNBPX306R
824-960MHz 1710-2170MHz 1920-2690MHz 824-960MHz 1710-2170MHz 1920-2690MHz
P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6
+45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45°

TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX ANT1 ANT2

900MHz 2100MHz 900MHz 2100MHz 2600MHz


R8860 R8840 R8860 R8840 R8880

Roof line Roof line


© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved
Antenna scene 4

 4 Feeder System(with existing 900/2100 NodeB sites)with


antenna changed
 LTE RRU nearby antenna, and add new feeder cable.
Now Future

CNNPX303F/CNNPX306M/CNNPX306R CNBPX303F/CNBPX306M/CNBPX306R
824-960MHz 1710-2170MHz 1710-2170MHz 824-960MHz 1710-2170MHz 1920-2690MHz
P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6
+45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45°

TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX ANT1 ANT2

900MHz 2100MHz 900MHz 2100MHz 2600MHz


R8860 R8840 R8860 R8840 R8880

Roof line Roof line

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Antenna scene 5

 2 Feeder System Normal with antenna changed


 LTE RRU nearby antenna, and add new feeder cable.
Now Future

KT 800 10454 CNBPX303F


806-960MHz 806-960MHz
1710-2180MHz 1710-2180MHz 824-960MHz 1710-2170MHz 1920-2690MHz
P1 P2 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6
+45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45°

Triasx Triasx
TBC0076F5V1-1 TBC0076F5V1-1
Combiner Combiner
900 1800 2100 900 1800 2100 Triasx Triasx
DBC0010F4V2-1 DBC0010F4V2-1
Combiner Combiner
1800 2100 1800 2100

TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX ANT1 ANT2

900MHz 1800MHz 2100MHz 900MHz 1800MHz 2100MHz 2600MHz


R8860 R8860 R8840 R8880

Roof line Roof line

© ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved


Antenna scene 6

 2 Feeder System(with existing 900/2100 NodeB sites or


900/1800 BTS Sites)with antenna changed
 LTE RRU nearby antenna, and add new feeder cable.
Now Future

KT 800 10454 CNBPX303F


806-960MHz 806-960MHz
1710-2180MHz 1710-2180MHz 824-960MHz 1710-2170MHz 1920-2690MHz
P1 P2 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6
+45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45° +45° -45°

Triasx Triasx
DBC1025F1V2-1 DBC1025F1V2-1
Combiner Combiner
900 1800/2100 900 1800/2100

TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX TX/RX RX ANT1 ANT2

900MHz 2100MHz 900MHz 2100MHz 2600MHz


R8860 R8840 R8880

Roof line Roof line

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CSL LTE indoor coverage solution
 Reusing the existing DAS(1.8G)

 Not use MIMO indoor because


Multi-band Omni Antenna
of COST

Dual-band combiner X dB Coupler

Triple-band combiner

Combiner

4G eNodeB 2G BTS 3G NodeB

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Contents

 HongKong CSL Introduction


 Radio Planning Solution
 Antenna Solution
 Optimization Solution
 Tools Solution
Network Optimization Solution

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Cluster Optimization – KPI Improvement

Coverage  Overshooting Issues


Weak Coverage Issues
Optimization 
 “Corner” Issues

Access Success  Originate call in weak coverage area


Rate  Tracking Area update during call set up results the failure of paging
Cell reselection too slow preventing call not originating in the best cell
Optimization 

 Coverage Problems
Drop Call Rate  Handover Problems
Optimization  Interference Problem

 Wrong Configuration for Hardware or Software


Throughput  Transmission Bandwidth Limitation
Optimization  Application Layer Protocol
 Radio Environment

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SON ANR
UE measurement

Delete neighbor
relation

Establish neighbor Add new neighbor


relation relation

Configured site New site Deleted site

 There are many functions in LTE SON, ANR (Automatic Neighbour


Relation) is most useful, can reduce the optimization cost.
 ANR can detect missing Neighbor, add and delete neighbor
automatically

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Case1-Poor Coverage Optimization(Poor
RSRP)
 Antenna  Power Parameters
 Downtilt mainly  RS power, cell power

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Case 2-Missing Neighbor

 Missing neighbor cause failure to handoff to a stronger cell

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Case 3-PCI reuse distance is to shoot

← MR report PCI = 34

↑ Handoff failure cause reestablishment

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Case 4-Low data rate because of handoff not
timely
 Optimize the handoff parameters
 A3 threshhold
 CIO
 Time to Trigger
 Lay3 filtering

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Case 5-Error neighbor cause inter-RAT handoff
failure
Error Neighbor configuration Right Neighbor Configuration

←Source cell

←Target cell

source cell

Target cell

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Case 6-Unreasonable Parameter cause inter-RAT
Handoff failure
 Issue  Solution
 In pilot pollution area of UMST,  Check Inter-RAT neighbor
sometimes the UE will inter-RAT  Parameter Optimization
handoff to UMTS neighbor far away,
but the signal of UMTS cell is
unstable, and the inter-RAT handoff
will fail.

Paramter Before After

Inter-RAT B2 Threshold1 for RSRP -110 dBm -105 dBm

Inter-RAT Threshold of RSCP for UTRA FDD -95 dBm -90 dBm

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Drive Test Performance Improvement

Before After
LTE DT KPI Optimization Optimization Call Drop Rate(Target<2%)
6% 5.00%
E-RAB Setup Success
95% 98%
Rate 4% 3.00%
Handoff Success Rate 90% 98% 2.30%
1.50%
2%
Call Drop Rate 5% 1.5%
Download average 0%
20Mbps 25Mbps 2010.12 2011.02 2011.03 2011.04
Rate(Mbps/15MHz)

79.63%
> 10 dB 66.73%

SINR
19.06%
0 – 10 dB 27.03%

1.31%
< 0 dB 6.25%

0.00% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00% 80.00%

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LTE OSS KPI

 CSL focus on the following KPI


 E-RAB Setup Success rate;
 E-RAB Dropped call rate;
 Handover (intra-LTE & inter-LTE) Success Rate;
 Equivalent downlink/uplink average throughput

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Contents

 HongKong CSL Introduction


 Radio Planning Solution
 Antenna Solution
 Optimization Solution
 Tools Solution
Planning and Optimization Tools

Stage Planning and Implementation Engineer Optimization Maintenance Optimization

Network Planning:  Cell availability


 RSRP、 RS-CINR、throughput  RF coverage(RSRP、
Focus Simulation SINR)  Access, Handoff, Release
 E-RAB setup success Rate, Cell Throughput
on Implementation
HOSR, CDR, Throughput.
Antenna Bearing, downtilt  Subscriber Complaints

CNP CNT/CNA/CNO NetMAX (CDT/MR)


Tools support LTE key technology CNT/CAN: Driver Test and Post  trouble shooting for coverage, access
Processing failure, handoff failure, call drop
Based on ZTE algorithm
CNO: Neighbor cell, PCI, PRACH  User level analysis
Planning  Parameters Consistency check

ZTE Qualcomm

Better Performance and User experience


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