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Michael P.

Canares, StepUp Consulting Services


http://www.sucsstepupconsulting.com
Michael P. Canares, StepUp Consulting Services
http://www.sucsstepupconsulting.com
Michael P. Canares, StepUp Consulting Services
http://www.sucsstepupconsulting.com
The Harmonized Gender and
Development Guidelines (HGDG)
SESSION OBJECTIVES
• To provide knowledge and skills to the participants on the
Harmonized Gender and Development Guidelines.

Specifically, at the end of the session the participants are able:


1. To explain the objectives, principles and application of the
Harmonized Gender and Development Guidelines
2. To apply and demonstrate the utilization of the tool in project
identification, design, implementation and M&E
3. To analyze gender issues in the whole project development
and implementation cycle and assess the gender-
responsiveness of these projects.
4. To identify lessons learned in the process of assessment and
gender analysis
Why the HGDG?
• International commitments which the Philippines is a signatory
o CEDAW – commitment to undertake measures to end
discrimination
o Millennium Development goals – commitment to end gender
disparity at all levels of education
Why the HGDG?
• National Commitments
o Section 14, Article II of the Philippine Constitution recognizes
the role of women in nation-building and shall ensure the
fundamental equality before the law of women and men.
o Other laws and policies promoting gender equality :
o RA 7192: Women in Development and Nation Building Act;
o Philippine Plan for Gender-Responsive Development (PPGD);
o RA 7877: Anti-Sexual Harassment Act;
o RA 9208: The Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act;
o RA 9262: The Anti-VAWC; and
o RA 8353 and RA 8505 which are laws on Rape
What is HGDG?
• Self-assessment tool that provides assistance in:
1. Integrating gender and development perspective in
development planning processes and various stages of the
project cycle
2. Addressing the issues of inadequate sex—disaggregated
data and statistics for development planning and
programming.
Objectives of the HGDG
• To provide a common set of analytical concepts and tools for
integrating gender concerns into development programs and
projects
• To help achieve gender equality in, and empower women
through, projects and programs
Principles of HGDG
 Equality between women and men is a key
women’s human right Harmonized
Gender and
 Participation in development is crucial to the Development
Guidelines
empowerment of women and men
for Project Development,

 Gender equality means promoting the equal Implementation,


Monitoring,
participation of women as agents of and Evaluation

economic, social and political change


 Achieving equality between women and
men may involve the introduction of specific
measures designed to eliminate prevailing
gender inequalities and inequities.
Users of HGDG
• Those involved in developing, implementing, managing,
monitoring and evaluating development programs and project
• NEDA – to evaluate or assess projects for funding
• Government agencies and LGUs in designing development
interventions
• ODA donors and consultants developing, managing and
monitoring/evaluating projects
Applications
 Program or project identification and formulation

 Program or project implementation and management

 Program or project monitoring and evaluation


Features of the HGDG
• The HGDG consist of 3 parts:
PART 1 - Program/Project Development Guidelines (Generic)
Set of guidelines in the form of questions which can be applied
to project development in general regardless of sector or project
type
Part 2 – Sector Specific Design Guidelines
Set of guidelines for the development of sector-specific programs
or projects
Part 3 – Program/Project Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation
Guidelines for the management, implementation, monitoring
and evaluation of development projects.
Elements of a Gender-Responsive Project Design
Element or Requirement Things to Remember
1. Participation of women and Consult with women and men stakeholders
men in project identification of
the development problem and
design
2. Collection and use of sex- Secondary data can be used for analysis; if
disaggregated data in the secondary data is unavailable, collect primary
analysis of the development data
problem • Who are the intended project beneficiaries?
• How many are women, men, children?
• What are their profiles?
o Are they housewives? with livelihood?
working husbands? school age children?
• Are they capable of sustaining the project?
Elements of a Gender-Responsive Project Design
Element or Requirement Things to Remember
3. Conduct of gender analysis to Do gender analysis. Sample basic questions to
identify the gender issues that ask:
the proposed project should • What gender issue/s does the project address?
address • What is/are the cause/s of the gender issue/s?
• What resources are available for women and
men beneficiaries?
• What are the pervading beliefs in the
community that affects or limits the
participation of men and women in the project?
• How should the project be designed so it
becomes responsive to women?
Elements of a Gender-Responsive Project Design
Element or Requirement Things to Remember
4. Goals and objectives, Formulate project goals/objectives which
outcomes and outputs include contributes to the following:
GAD statements that address 1) increased economic empowerment of
the gender issues in # 3 women
2) protection and fulfilment of women’s
human rights
3) gender-responsive governance
5. Activities include those that Plan activities that will address gender issues
address the identified gender identified in # 3
issues, including constraints to
women’s participation
Elements of a Gender-Responsive Project Design
Element or Requirement Things to Remember

6. Conduct of gender analysis of the • What practical gender needs are responded to by the
planned project to anticipate gender- project? strategic gender needs?
related issues arising from the • Who decides to use or disposition of the resource,
implementation of the designed service or facilities?
project • Are there gender gaps in the access/use/management of
resources? What are these?
• Will the project reduce gender gaps between women and
men? How?
• Will the project mitigate constraints and promote
women and men participation in project activities and
benefits? How?
• Will it improve the status of women? How?
7. Monitoring indicators and targets Sample indicators and targets:
which include the reduction of gender • 0 to 30% increase of women project beneficiaries
gaps or improvement of women’s participating in the management of water supply system
participation • 10% increase in women adopting FP methods
• 30% increase in women participation in barangay
disaster risk response teams
Elements of a Gender-Responsive Project Design
Element or Requirement Things to Remember
8. Project monitoring and Monitoring indicators should be sex-disaggregated
evaluation system that includes
sex-disaggregated database
9. Resources and budgets for the There should be budget allocation provided for
activities in # 5 the planned activities that will address the gender
issues in #5 and facilitate integration of GAD in the
project
10. Planned coordination with PCW Proposed project should be in line with the LGU’s
or the agency’s GAD plans GAD efforts
LET’S HAVE A SHORT EXERCISE
Workshop 1
1. Let’s divide ourselves into groups (per table)
2. Assign a moderator in the group to facilitate discussion
3. Please read through the short proposal on rural water supply system
4. After reading the proposal, keeping in mind the elements of the HGDG, discuss
as a group and give your comments, observations and findings using the matrix
provided. (30 minutes)
5. Share your insights in the plenary

Tip for the group discussion:


If the information is not found in the project document, do not assume that
it is there.
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION STAGE
Done Score for Gender
Element and item/question an item/ issues
No Partly Yes
(col. 1) element* identified
(2a) yes (2c)
(col. 3) (col. 4)
(2b)
1.0 Involvement of women and men
(max score: 2; for each item, 1)
1.1. Participation of women and men in beneficiary groups
in problem identification (possible score: 0, 0.5, 1.0) >
1.2. Participation of women and men in beneficiary
groups in project design(possible scores: 0, 0.5, 1.0) >
2.0. Collection of sex-disaggregated data and gender-
related information (possible scores: 0, 1.0, 2.0) >
3.0. Conduct of gender analysis and identification of
gender issues (max score: 2; for each item, 1)
3.1. Analysis of gender gaps and inequalities related to
gender roles, perspectives and needs, or access to and
control of resources (possible scores: 0, 0.5, 1.0) >
3.2. Analysis of constraints and opportunities related to
women and men’s participation in the project
(possible scores: 0, 0.5, 1.0) >
TOTAL GAD SCORE – PROJECT
IDENTIFICATION STAGE
PROJECT DESIGNING STAGE
Done Score for Gender
Element and item/question an item/ issues
No Partly Yes
(col. 1) element* identified
(2a) Yes (2c)
(col. 3) (col. 4)
(2b)
4.0 Gender equality goals, outcomes and outputs
(possible scores: 0, 1.0, 2.0)
Does the project have clearly stated gender equality
goals, objectives, outcomes or outputs? >
5.0. Matching of strategies with gender issues
(possible scores: 0, 1.0, 2.0)
Do the strategies and activities match the gender
issues and gender quality goals identified? >
6.0. Gender analysis of likely impact of the project
(max score: 2; for each item or question, 0.67)
6.1. Are women and girl children among the direct or
indirect beneficiaries? (possible scores: 0, 0.33, 0.67) >
6.2. Has the project considered its long-term impact on
women’s socioeconomic status and empowerment?
(possible scores: 0, 0.33, 0.67) >
6.3. Has the project included strategies for avoiding or
minimizing negative impact on women’s status and
welfare? (possible scores: 0, 0.33, 0.67) >
PROJECT DESIGNING STAGE
Done Score for Gender
Element and item/question an item/ issues
No Partly Yes
(col. 1) element* identified
(2a) Yes (2c)
(col. 3) (col. 4)
(2b)
7.0 Monitoring targets and indicators
(possible scores: 0, 1.0, 2.0)
Does the project include gender equality targets and
indicators to measure gender equality outputs and
outcomes? >
8.0. Sex-disaggregated database requirement
(possible scores: 0, 1.0, 2.0)
Does the project M&E system require the collection of
sex-disaggregated data? >
9.0. Resources (max score: 2; for each question, 1.0)
9.1. Is the project’s budget allotment sufficient for gender
equality promotion or integration? OR, will the
project tap counterpart funds from LGUs/partners for
its GAD efforts (possible scores: 0, 0.5, 1.0) >
9.2. Does the project have the expertise in promoting
gender equality and women’s empowerment? OR,
does the project commit itself to investing project staff
time in building capacities within the project to
integrate GAD or promote gender equality? (possible
PROJECT DESIGNING STAGE
Done Score for Gender
Element and item/question an item/ issues
No Partly Yes
(col. 1) element* identified
(2a) Yes (2c)
(col. 3) (col. 4)
(2b)
10.0 Relationship with the agency’s GAD efforts
(maximum score: 2; for each question or item, 0.67)
10.1 Will the project build on or strengthen the
LGU’s commitment to the empowerment of women?
(possible scores: 0, 0.33, 0.67)

IF THE AGENCY HAD NO GAD PLAN: Will the


project help in the formulation of the implementing
agency’s GAD plan? >
10.2. Will the project build on the initiatives of actions of
other organizations in the area?
(possible scores: 0, 0.33, 0.67) >
10.3. Does the project have an exit plan that will ensure
the sustainability of GAD efforts and benefits?
(possible scores: 0, 0.33, 0.67) >
TOTAL GAD SCORE – PROJECT DESIGN STAGE
Interpretation of GAD Scores

Maximum score: 20 points

 0-3.9 : GAD is invisible (Proposal to be returned)


? 4.0-7.9 : Has promising GAD prospects
(“conditional pass”)
 8.0-14.9 : Gender sensitive
15.0-20.0 : Gender responsive
Guide for scoring
1. Put a check √ in the appropriate column (2a to 2c) under “Done?” to signify
the degree to which a project proponent has complied with the GAD element:
under col. 2a if nothing has been done; under col. 2b if an element, item, or
question has been partly complied with; and under col. 2c if an element, item,
or question has been fully complied with.
2. A partial and a full yes may be distinguished as follows.
a. For Element 1.0, a “partly yes” to Item 1.1 means meeting with male
officials and only a woman or a few women who also happen to be officials
in the proponent or partner agency or organization; or with male and
female officials and some male beneficiaries. In contrast, full compliance
involves meeting with female and male officials and consulting other
stakeholders, including women and men that may be affected positively or
negatively by the proposed project. A “partly yes” to Item 1.2, on the other
hand, means inputs or suggestions may have been sought from woman
and man beneficiaries but are not considered at all in designing project
activities and facilities. >
Guide for scoring
b. For Element 2.0, “partly yes” means some information has been
classified by sex but may not be key to helping identify key gender issues
that a planned project must address. In contrast, a full “yes” implies that
qualitative and quantitative data are cited in the analysis of the
development issue or project. >
c. For Element 3.0, a “partly yes” to Item 3.1 means a superficial or partial
analysis has been done by focusing on only one or two of the concerns
(gender roles, needs, perspectives, or access to and control of
resources) while a “partly yes” to Item 3.2 means an analysis of either
constraints or opportunities, instead of both, or an analysis of constraints
and opportunities only by women or by men, has been done. >
Guide for scoring
d. For Element 4.0, “partly yes” means having a gender equality
statement incorporated in any of the following levels: goal, purpose, or
output. A full “yes” requires the integration of gender equality in at least
two of the three levels. >

e. For Element 5.0, “partly yes” means having gender equality


strategies or activities but no stated gender issues that will match the
activities, while a full “yes” requires an identified gender issue and
activities seeking to address this issue. >
Guide for scoring
f. For Element 6.0, a “partly yes” to Item 6.1 means women or girls
comprise less than a third of the project’s indirect or direct benefi ciaries;
to Item 6.2 means the project focuses on affecting socioeconomic status
with no consideration of women’s empowerment; and to Item 6.3 means
mitigating strategies deal only with minimizing negative impact on
welfare, with no regard for status. A full “yes” to an item under Element
6.0 means women or girls constitute at least a third of the project benefi
ciaries (Item 6.1), the project will impact on both material condition and
status (6.2), and the project seeks to minimize negative impact on
women’s status as well as welfare (6.3). >
g. For Element 7.0, “partly yes” means the project monitoring plan includes
indicators that are sex-disaggregated but no qualitative indicator of
empowerment or status change. >
Guide for scoring

h. For Element 8.0, “partly yes” means the project requires the collection of
some sex-disaggregated data or information, but not all the information
will track the gender-differentiated effects of the project. A full “yes” means
all sex-disaggregated data and qualitative information will be collected to
help monitor the GAD outcomes and outputs. >
Guide for scoring
i. For Element 9.0, “partly yes” means there is a budget for GAD-
related activities but not sufficient to ensure that the project will
address relevant gender issues (9.1), or to build GAD capacities
among project staff or the project agency or to tap external GAD
expertise (9.2). >

j. For Element 10.0, a “partly yes” response to Item 10.1 means


there is a mention of the agency’s GAD plan but no direct
connection is made to incorporate the project’s GAD efforts into
the plan; to Item 10.2 means there is a mention of other GAD
initiatives in the project coverage but no indication of how the
project will build on these initiatives; and to Item 10.3 means the
project has a sustainability plan for its GAD efforts but no mention is
made of how these may be institutionalized within the implementing
agency or its partners. >
Together Is Better
Grace Molisa, Vanuatu

No woman No family.
No family No society.

Good governance involves


the person, the family, the society

Women are integral to


and carry the burden of human life.
When you see life as it is
you know and understand
that for the best interests of everyone
women must be
recognized, respected, empowered,
to participate fully
in the dialogue and decision making
of the organization
and the resources management
of the family and the nation state.
No participation, No democracy.

No participation, No justice.

No participation, No good governance.

No participation, No communication.
A parliament with less than
50% female participation
is a parliament
using only half of its brain.
Together is better.
When you want something you
never had before….
You are willing to do some
things you never had done
before….