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D.

Philosophical Approaches to the study of Man study of


Man 1.0 Ancient Greek : Cosmocentric Approach 1.0 Ancient Greek : Cosmocentric
Approach 1.1 The Greek were concerned with the Nature and Order of the 1.1 The
Greek were concerned with the Nature and Order of the Universe. Universe. 1.2 Man
was part of the cosmos, a microcosm. So like the Universe, 1.2 Man was part of the
cosmos, a microcosm. So like the Universe, Man is made up of Matter (body) and Form
(soul). Man is made up of Matter (body) and Form (soul). 1.3 Man must maintain the
balance and unity with the cosmos. 1.3 Man must maintain the balance and unity with
the cosmos. 2.0 Medieval ( Christian era: St. Augustine, St Thomas 2.0 Medieval (
Christian era: St. Augustine, St Thomas Aquinas ) Theocentric Approach Aquinas )
Theocentric Approach 2.1 Man is understood as from the point of view of God, as a
creature 2.1 Man is understood as from the point of view of God, as a creature of God,
made in His image and likeness, and therefore the apex of God, made in His image and
likeness, and therefore the apex of His creation. of His creation.
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1.0 Ancient Greek : Cosmocentric Approach 1.1 The Greek were concerned with the
Nature and Order of the 1.1 The Greek were concerned with the Nature and Order of
the Universe. Universe. 1.2 Man was part of the cosmos, a microcosm. So like the
Universe, 1.2 Man was part of the cosmos, a microcosm. So like the Universe, Man is
made up of Matter (body) and Form (soul). Man is made up of Matter (body) and Form
(soul). 1.3 Man must maintain the balance and unity with the cosmos. 1.3 Man must
maintain the balance and unity with the cosmos. 2.0 Medieval ( Christian era: St.
Augustine, St Thomas 2.0 Medieval ( Christian era: St. Augustine, St Thomas Aquinas )
Theocentric Approach Aquinas ) Theocentric Approach 2.1 Man is understood as from
the point of view of God, as a creature 2.1 Man is understood as from the point of view
of God, as a creature of God, made in His image and likeness, and therefore the apex of
God, made in His image and likeness, and therefore the apex of His creation. of His
creation.
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3.0 Modern ( Descartes, Kant) Anthropocentric Approach 3.0 Modern ( Descartes, Kant)
Anthropocentric Approach 3.1 Man is now understood in his own terms, but basically on
reason, 3.1 Man is now understood in his own terms, but basically on reason, thus
rationalistic. thus rationalistic.
4.0 Contemporary Philosophies arose as a reaction against 4.0 Contemporary
Philosophies arose as a reaction against Hegel. Hegel. 4.1 One reaction is Marx who
criticized Hegel’s geist, spirit, mind 4.1 One reaction is Marx who criticized Hegel’s geist,
spirit, mind and brought out his dialectical materialism. and brought out his dialectical
materialism.
4.2 Another reaction is Soren Kierkegaard who was against the 4.2 Another reaction is
Soren Kierkegaard who was against the system of Hegel and emphasized the individual
1.0 Ancient Greek : Cosmocentric Approach 1.1 The Greek were concerned with the
Nature and Order of the 1.1 The Greek were concerned with the Nature and Order of
the Universe. Universe. 1.2 Man was part of the cosmos, a microcosm. So like the
Universe, 1.2 Man was part of the cosmos, a microcosm. So like the Universe, Man is
made up of Matter (body) and Form (soul). Man is made up of Matter (body) and Form
(soul). 1.3 Man must maintain the balance and unity with the cosmos. 1.3 Man must
maintain the balance and unity with the cosmos. 2.0 Medieval ( Christian era: St.
Augustine, St Thomas 2.0 Medieval ( Christian era: St. Augustine, St Thomas Aquinas )
Theocentric Approach Aquinas ) Theocentric Approach 2.1 Man is understood as from
the point of view of God, as a creature 2.1 Man is understood as from the point of view
of God, as a creature of God, made in His image and likeness, and therefore the apex of
God, made in His image and likeness, and therefore the apex of His creation. of His
creation.
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3.0 Modern ( Descartes, Kant) Anthropocentric Approach 3.0 Modern ( Descartes, Kant)
Anthropocentric Approach 3.1 Man is now understood in his own terms, but basically on
reason, 3.1 Man is now understood in his own terms, but basically on reason, thus
rationalistic. thus rationalistic.
4.0 Contemporary Philosophies arose as a reaction against 4.0 Contemporary
Philosophies arose as a reaction against Hegel. Hegel. 4.1 One reaction is Marx who
criticized Hegel’s geist, spirit, mind 4.1 One reaction is Marx who criticized Hegel’s geist,
spirit, mind and brought out his dialectical materialism. and brought out his dialectical
materialism.
4.2 Another reaction is Soren Kierkegaard who was against the 4.2 Another reaction is
Soren Kierkegaard who was against the system of Hegel and emphasized the individual