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Definition of SLIP, TRIP & FALL

SLIP : too little friction or a lack of traction


between the footwear and surface, causing loss of
balance.

TRIP : foot striking against an object and


causing loss of balance.

FALL : occurs when too far off centre


of balance.
2 types of fall:
- Same level
- Lower level
• Slips and trips can cause someone to lose balance and sometimes
may lead to FALL.

• Unintentional fall – Accident


Intentional fall – Suicide? Stunt?

• Reasons of slips and trips:


- wet / uneven surface
- improper cable management FALL
- not alert to surrounding/ distracted (usually when
- etc. working at height)

• Can happen to anyone, anywhere and anytime.


• “Accidents in Malaysian
Construction Industry: Statistical
Data and Court Cases”
by Heap Yih Chong, Thuan Siang Low

Agents of accidents in Malaysia


(construction industry) from 2000-2009
SAFER DESIGN, ALTERNATIVE
ELIMINATION METHODS

SUBSTITUTION USE SOMETHING ELSE

ENGINEERING CONTROL ISOLATION & GUARDING

TRAINING & WORK


ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL SCHEDULING

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT FALL ARREST


 SAFER DESIGN
 Low maintenance equipment
 Locating equipment at ground
 Walkways with handrails
 Permanent guards or walls
ELIMINATION
 USING ALTERNATIVE METHODS
 Prefabrication at ground
SUBSTITUTION  Pre-painting at ground

 USING ALTERNATE TOOLS


 Long-handled tools
ENGINEERING
CONTROL

ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT


ELIMINATION  MECHANICAL ACCESS
PLATFORMS
SUBSTITUTION
 CONSTRUCT SCAFFOLDING

 PROVIDE EDGE PROTECTION


ENGINEERING CONTROL
 SAFETY MESH

ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT


MECHANICAL ACCESS PLATFORM
SCAFFOLDING
SAFETY MESH
ELIMINATION
 TRAINING OF PERSONNEL
SUBSTITUTION
 WORK PLANNING
 Identify the hazard
 Assess the hazard
ENGINEERING  Control the hazard
CONTROL  Monitor
 Document
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT


Anchor point

ELIMINATION
Body
harness

SUBSTITUTION

ENGINEERING
CONTROL Safety lanyard

ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL

• Body harness
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT • Safety lanyard
• Anchor point
THE END