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ACCELERATION

REVIEW

1. What is speed?
2. What is velocity?
3. Differentiate speed from velocity.
Present figure 9 Track of tropical
storm Juaning. Observe the track
of the typhoon.
MOTIVATION

In reality objects do not always move at constant


velocity. Storms like Juaning and other tropical
storms also do change their speeds, direction and
both.
A. Using Tape Chart

1. Obtain from your teacher paper strips with


dots.
2. Label each dot. Start from 0, then 1, 2, 3,
and so on. In this example, each dot occurred
every 1 second.
3. Examine the distances between
successive dots.
4. Cut the strip at each drop, starting from
the first to the last drop, and paste them side
by side on a graph paper to form a tape
chart as shown in Figure 11.
B. Using Motion Graphs
5. Measure the distance
travelled by the car after
1 second, 2 seconds, and
so on by measuring the
distance between drops
0 and 1, 0 and 2, and
soon. Enter your
measurements in Table 3
on the below.
6. Plot the values
in Table 3 as
points on the
graph in Figure
12 on the right.
7. Join the mid-points of the tops of
the tapes with a line. You have
now converted your tape chart to
a speed-time graph.
ANALYSIS
A.Group reporting and presentation of outputs.
B.Analysis and Discussion.
A.Using tape chart
1.Compare the distances between two
successive dots.
2.How do the lengths of the tapes compare?
3.If each tape represents the distance travelled
by the object for one second, then what
“quantity” does each piece of tape provides?
4.What does the chart tell you about the speed
of the car?
5.How will you compare the changes in length of
two successive tapes?
6.What then can you say about the
acceleration of a moving car?
B. Using motion graph
7. How does the distance time graph look like?
8. How does your graph look like? How is this
different from your graph in figure 12?
9.How will you interpret this graph in terms of
the speed and acceleration of the moving
car?
10. If you found out in your investigation that
the arrangement of oil drops left by the car is
similar to what you use in the activity, was the
suspect telling the truth when he said that he
was driving with constant speed?
ANALYSIS
A.Group reporting and presentation of outputs.
B.Analysis and Discussion.
A.Using tape chart
1.Compare the distances between two
successive dots. The distance between two successive dots
increases uniformly.
2.How do the lengths of the tapes compare?
The length of the strips of tape in the chart
increases uniformly.
3.If each tape represents the distance travelled
by the object for one second, then what
“quantity” does each piece of tape provides?
Each strip of tape provides the speed or velocity of the object
every 1 second.

4.What does the chart tell you about the speed


of the car? The length of the tape increases uniformly, it means
that the speed of the object increases uniformly.
5.How will you compare the changes in length of
two successive tapes?
The change of the length of the tape is constant.
The change in speed is constant.
The lenght of the tape and speed increases by the same amount in each time
interval.
6.What then can you say about the
acceleration of a moving car?
The acceleration of the moving car is constant.

7. How does the distance time graph look like?


The graph is curved or parabolic.

8. How does your graph look like? How is this


different from your graph in figure 12?
The shape of the speed- time graph is different from the graph
in fig. 12 which is straight line graph.
9.How will you interpret this graph in terms of
the speed and acceleration of the moving
car?
The change of the length of the tape is constant.
The change in speed is constant.
The lenght of the tape and speed increases by the same amount in each time
interval.

The acceleration of the moving car is constant.


10. If you found out in your investigation that the
arrangement of oil drops left by the car is similar to
what you use in the activity, was the suspect telling
the truth when he said that he was driving with
constant speed?

If the arrangement of oil drops left by the car is similar to what we


used, then the suspect was not telling the truth.
SUMMARY:
If an object does not change its position at a given time
interval, then it is at rest or its speed is zero or not
accelearting.
If an object covers equal distance at equal intervals of time,
then it is moving at constant speed and still not accelerating.
If an object covers varying distances at equal intervals of
time, then it is moving with changing speed or velocity. It
means that the object is accelerating.
ABSTRACTION
1.What is acceleration?
2.If an object does not change its position at
a given time interval, is it accelerating?
3.Describe the speed of an object if it covers
equal distance at equal intervals of time. Is it
accelerating or not?
4.Describe the speed of an object which
covers varying distances at equal interval of
time. Is it accelerating?
5.What are the conditions so that the object
is accelerating?
6. When do objects not accelerating?
APPLICATION
Encourage students to give daily life situations of
accelerating and non-accelerating objects at the
following places.
1.At home
2.At the school
3.On the road
4. Amusement park
EVALUATION
Answer the following:
For numbers 1 and 2, refer to this situation.

A car engine is leaking oil. The oil drops hit the ground at regular
time intervals, one every two seconds. The diagram below shows
the pattern of the drops of oil as the car runs from point A to C.
A B C
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Direction of motion
1.Which of the following correctly describes the motion
of the car from points A and B, and points B and C?
A.From point A to B the car is not in motion then at point
B to C the car the car is in motion.
B.From point A to B the speed of the car is constant then
from point B to C the speed of the car is increasing.
C.From point A to B the speed of the car is constant
then from point B to C the speed of the car is
decreasing.
D. From point A to B the speed of the car is increasing
then from point B to C the speed of the car is constant.
2.At which points does the car accelerate?
A. B to C B. A to B C. A to CD. C to A

3.Which of the following statements is NOT true about


the object moving with constant speed?
A.The object is not accelerating.
B.The speed of the object is equal to zero.
C.The distance travelled by the object increases
uniformly.
D.The speed of the object remains the same all
throughout the travel.
4.Which of the following graphs shows that the
object’s motion is accelerating?

Distance Distance

A B
Time
Time

Distance Distance

C D
Time Time
5.Carefully analyze the motion of the body in these
cases:
I.A car moving at 80 km/h on a straight highway.
II.A bus moving at 35 km/h around a curve.
III. A typhoon moving at 120 km/h Northwest and
changing its path to 180 km/h Southwest.
IV. A jeepney moving on a straight road, slowing down
to a stop.
Which bodies have changing velocity?
A.I and II B. I and III C. I,II and IIID. II, III, and IV
ASSIGNMENT

What is transverse wave?


What is longutudinal waves?

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