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GSM & UMTS & LTE note

GSM

 Global System for Mobile Communication


 Second Generation (2G)
 GPRS (General Packet Radio Service)
 EDGE (Enhanced Data rate for GSM Evolution )
GSM Architecture
GPRS (General Packet Radio Service)

 General Packet for Radio Service


 Provide IP service
 Serving GPRS support node (SGSN)
 Gateway GPRS support node (GGSN)
 3GPP TS 29.274: “Evolved General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) Tunneling
Control Protocol for Control Plane (GTPv2-C) Stage 3”
GPRS Interfaces
GPRS Protocol Stack
GPRS Tunneling protocol

 Layer 3
 GTP (GPRS Tunneling Protocol)
 Connect SGSN with GGSN
GPRS Process

 Attach process - Process by which the MS attaches (i.e, connects) to the SGSN
in a GPRS network
 Authentication process - Process by which the SGSN authenticates the mobile
subscriber
 PDP activation process - Process by which a user session is established between
the MS and the destination network
 Detach process - Process by which the MS detaches (i.e., disconnects) from the
SGSN in the GPRS network
 Network-initiated PDP request for static IP address - Process by which a call from
the packet data network reaches the MS using a static IP address
 Network-initiated PDP request for dynamic IP address - Process by which a call
from the packet data network reaches the MS using a dynamic IP address
UMTS

 Universal Mobile Telecommunication System


 Third Generation (3G)
 WCDMA (Wide-band Code Division Multiple Access)
 Support UMTS to GSM handover (RAT change)
 3GPP TS 24.301: “Non-Access-Stratum (NAS) protocol for Evolved Packet
System; Stage 3”
UMTS Architecture
UMTS Protocol Stack
UMTS Attach Procedure
LTE
 Long Term Evolution
 Fourth Generation (4G)
 Packet Switch
 3GPP TS 36.300: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA),
Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN); Overall
Description; Stage 2”
 3GPP TS 24.302: “Access to the 3GPP Evolved Packet Core (EPC) via Non-
3GPP Access Networks”
 3GPP TS 36.331: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRAN); Radio
Resource Control (RRC) Protocol Specification”
 3GPP TS 36.401: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-
UTRAN); Architecture Description”
 3GPP TS 36.413: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-
UTRAN); S1 Application Protocol (S1AP)”
LTE Network Architecture
LTE Reference Model
EPS Network Elements
 Evolved Packet System
E-UTRAN User Plan Protocol Stack
E-UTRAN Control Plan Protocol Stack
LTE Bearer Architecture
NAS Attach Procedure
Tracking Area Update (TAU)
MO call
Paging Procedure
MT Call
Services

 Voice call (CS call, PS call, CSFB)


 Video call
 SMS/MMS
 SRVCC (VoLTE/VoWiFi to 3G handover)
 VoLTE
 VoWiFi
 SMSIP
 Call forwarding, call barring
Case study

 Call drop
 RTP timeout, bearer is released suddenly
 Call fail
 Can’t establish bearer
 Call mute
 Can’t receive incoming call
 Can’t send SMS, MMS
 Can’t receive SMS, MMS
 LTE to Wi-Fi handover fail
 LTE registration fail
3GPP/RFC specification
 3GPP TS 24.301: “Non-Access-Stratum (NAS) protocol for Evolved Packet System; Stage 3”
 3GPP TS 36.300: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA), Evolved Universal Terrestrial
Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN); Overall Description; Stage 2”
 3GPP TS 24.302: “Access to the 3GPP Evolved Packet Core (EPC) via Non-3GPP Access Networks”
 3GPP TS 36.331: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRAN); Radio Resource Control (RRC)
Protocol Specification”
 3GPP TS 36.401: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN); Architecture
Description”
 3GPP TS 36.413: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN); S1 Application
Protocol (S1AP)”
 RFC 3261 : Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
 RFC 5995 : Internet Key Exchange Protocol version 2 (IKEv2)
 RFC 2408 : Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP)
Qualcomm chipset

 In US almost Samsung device use Qualcomm chipset


 Galaxy S8 Snapdragon 835 (MSM8998)
 Galaxy Note 4 Snapdragon 805 (APQ8084)
 Galaxy S6 Snapdragon 810 (MSM8994)
 Galaxy S7 Snapdragon 820 (MSM8996)
 Galaxy Note 3 (MSM8974)