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Setting Goals

Chapter 2
 Understand what a goal is and how values
and standards relate to goals
 Evaluate the different attributes of goals:
intensity, complexity, priority, and timing
 Be able to identify your personal &
professional short, intermediate & long term
 Create your plan to motivate yourself and
avoid procrastination
 Dreams: what you’d love to do, your passion
 Goals: “dreams with deadlines”
 Another definition: A result or achievement
toward which effort is directed
 Goals can change
 Goals must be specific & realistic
 Goals must be constantly reevaluated
 Goals cause conflict
 Goals require resources
Do you struggle with Goal Setting?
Scale of Measurement of Values

Conventional Standards Flexible Standards

 Traditional & accepted by  Can be changed to suit
the community or social different situations
group  Give greater freedom of
 Ex: Adjusting family
standards to changing

Individual Standards
• Similar to flexible standards
• Selective and based on the individual needs & interests of family
 Standards tie values & goals together
 Example:
 Value=cleanliness
 Goal=to keep my room clean
 Standard=just how clean do I want to keep my
Goal Attributes
 Goals vary in:
 Intensity: commitment
 Complexity: number of the goal’s
 Priority: how important is the goal?
 Timing: how long to attain the goal?
Goals for each aspect of your life:

 Personal Goals
 Family & private life

 Educational Goals
 Efforts to learn more & improve education credentials

 Professional Goals
 Work life

 Community Goals
 Related to improving conditions in your neighborhood, city,
Goals & Time
 Short term goals: usually less than a year
to complete
 Intermediate goals: usually achieved in 1-5
 Long-term goals: usually take more than 5
years to achieve

 What do you plan to be doing in 5 years?

Goals & Type
 Primary Goals: formed to influence
process & progress
 Ex: attain a college degree
 Secondary Goals: formed to motivate the
individual and lead to the primary goal
 Ex: being accepted into college, passing
SMART goals
 S=specific (jog)
 M=measurable (1 mile)
 A=achievable (in 11-12 min.)
 R=Realistic (yes, I like jogging)
 T=Time-framed (4 days a week, starting today)

 Utilize self-affirmation
Six Rules for Stating Goals
① Express in positive
② Make specific goals
③ Make goals
④ Set deadline
⑤ Have variety
⑥ Make them YOURS!