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A Presentation on SALIENT FEATURES OF GOODS & SERVICE TAX (GST) At Residential Refresher Course Organized
A Presentation
on
SALIENT FEATURES OF GOODS &
SERVICE TAX (GST)
At
Residential Refresher Course
Organized by ICAI – CMI
Hosted by Goa Branch of WIRC
June, 2012
By
Dr. Sanjiv Agarwal
FCA, FCS,
Jaipur
SALIENT FEATURES OF GOODS & SERVICE TAX (GST) This Presentation Covers : • Indian Economy- An
SALIENT FEATURES OF GOODS &
SERVICE TAX (GST)
This Presentation Covers :
• Indian Economy- An overview
• Taxonomy of Indian taxation
• Present – tax system suffer from
• Need for GST
• GST- Journey so far
• What is GST and its key features
• GST- Global perspective
• GST- How it works ?
• GST - Issues yet to be decided
Indian Economy – An overview • India’s economy is the 11 th largest economy in the
Indian Economy – An overview
• India’s economy is the 11 th largest economy in the world
and the third largest by purchasing power parity (PPP)
• G-20 major economies and a member of BRICS
• World is presently facing recession-II but Indian
economy is still better than comparable economies.
• Agriculture, services and industry are the major sector of
India an economy. Contribution of different sectors in
March, 2012 was :
• Agriculture
• Services
• Industry
19%
59%
22%
to be contd…….
Indian Economy – An overview Agriculture 19% Service Sector Industry 59% 22% GDP CO MPO SITIO
Indian Economy – An overview
Agriculture
19%
Service
Sector
Industry
59%
22%
GDP CO MPO SITIO N IN MARCH, 2012
Growth in Tax GDP Ratio – Slow but Steady
Growth in Tax GDP Ratio –
Slow but Steady
Years Tax GDP ratio 2003-04 9.2% 2007-08 11.9% 2009-10 9.7% 2010-11 10.3% 2011-12 10.1%
Years
Tax GDP ratio
2003-04
9.2%
2007-08
11.9%
2009-10
9.7%
2010-11
10.3%
2011-12
10.1%
Power to Tax in India • Central Government and the State Governments under Part XI of
Power to Tax in India
Central Government and the State Governments under Part XI of Indian
Constitution have power to levy taxes.
Legislative power v Administrative power
Legislative power has three lists:-
Union list,
States list and
Concurrent list
Administrative power – CBDT, CBEC
Union list consists of 100 items -Parliament has exclusive power to levy Tax.
State list consists of 66 items -Individual states have exclusive authority to
levy Tax.
Concurrent list consists of 47 items - both governments can levy tax.
to be contd…… ..
to be contd…… ..
Power to Tax in India • India has a two tier federal power to collect tax
Power to Tax in India
India has
a two tier federal power to collect tax –
the Union Government,
the State Governments including urban/rural local
bodies
• Presently goods are liable to Vat / Excise / Customs duty
while taxable services attract service tax.
• Certain transactions subject to both - Vat and Service tax
• Efforts to revamp the direct tax structure - New direct
tax code (Income Tax Act, 1961 & Wealth Tax Act, 1957
would be scrapped) proposed
• Efforts to bring on a single indirect tax – GST proposed
Taxonomy of Indian Taxation TAXATION POWERS OF UNION
Taxonomy of Indian Taxation
TAXATION POWERS OF UNION

Income Tax

on income, except

Excise Duty

agricultural income on goods manufactured

Custom Duty

on imports

Service Tax

on specified services

Central Sales Tax

on inter-state sale of goods

Stamp Duty

on 10 specified instruments

To be contd..

Taxonomy of Indian Taxation
Taxonomy of Indian Taxation
TAXATION POWERS OF STATE
TAXATION POWERS OF STATE
VAT / Sales Tax - Stamp Duty Tax - - Toll tax - Other taxes -
VAT / Sales Tax
-
Stamp Duty
Tax
-
-
Toll tax
-
Other taxes
-

on sale of goods, other than newspapers on other than 10 specified instruments on agricultural income

on utilities on Land and buildings Entry of goods in local Area (Entry Tax or Octroi)
on utilities
on
Land and buildings
Entry of goods in local Area (Entry Tax or
Octroi)
Consumption or sale of electricity
Vehicles
entertainment,
Luxuries including taxes on
Betting and gambling
Alcoholic Liquor, Narcotic Drugs and
Opium
Present – tax system suffer from
Present – tax system suffer from
 Confusion and Mistrust  Complex and lacking in stability  Hidden tax on exports, no
Confusion and Mistrust
Complex and lacking in stability
Hidden tax on exports, no state tax on imports
High transaction costs
Narrow base
High compliance cost
To much litigations
Lack of harmony and inter state practices
Highly corruption
Goods & Service Tax (GST)
Goods & Service Tax (GST)
A Common Tax on
A Common Tax on
Goods & Service Tax (GST) A Common Tax on Services

Goods

Goods & Service Tax (GST) A Common Tax on Services

Services

Pre-requisites for migrating to a GST regime • Setting up of empowered committee for GST (like
Pre-requisites for migrating to a
GST regime
Setting up of empowered committee for GST (like VAT) which can steer the
road map into action - done
Broaden the tax base for excise duty (presently 40% comes from
petroleum products) – being done
• Finishing area based and product based exemptions – being done
• Rationalization of concessions and exemptions including that on exports –
being done
• Expanding service tax to almost all services – now proposed
Common/unified tax rate for goods and services which may be ideally,
revenue neutral (a suitable GST rate) – dual tax proposed
• Avoiding or minimizing differential tax rates – under discussions
• Abolition of other small taxes - under discussions
• Abolition of CST in a phased manner - being done
• Power to levy service tax on select/agreed services to States - under
discussions
Issue of inter-State services and goods movement vis-à-vis levy of duty or
tax to be sorted out - under discussions
Revenue sharing mechanism to be rationalized - under discussions
GST - Journey so far
GST - Journey so far
 Feb, 2006 : First time introduced concept of GST and announced the date of its
Feb, 2006 : First time introduced concept of GST and announced the date of its
implementation in 2010
Jan. 2007: First GST study by ASSOCHAM released by Dr. Shome
Feb. 2007: F.M. Announced introduction of GST from 1 April 2010 in Budget
April 2007 : CST phase out started - CST reduced to 3%, currently 1%
May 2007: Joint Working Group formed by EC
Nov. 2007: Joint Working Group submits report
April 2008 : Empowered Committee (EC) finalizes views on GST Structure
July 2009: FM announces commitment to bring GST from April 2010
Consultation on interstate services in progress
to be contd……
to be contd……
GST - Journey so far
GST - Journey so far
Budget 2010 – to achieve the roll out of GST by April 2011 – Revamping of
Budget 2010
– to achieve the roll out of GST by April 2011
– Revamping of indirect tax administration at centre/ states
internal work processes based on use of information technology
- massive information technology (IT) platform
– project ‘ACES- Automation of Central Excise and Service Tax’
rolled out
– rate of service tax retained at ten per cent
– states to revamp their internal work processes
to be contd……
to be contd……
GST - Journey so far
GST - Journey so far
Budget 2011 • non-committal on timing and roll out but the Government keen to bring in
Budget 2011
non-committal on timing and roll out but the Government keen to bring in
Constitutional Amendment Bill
overall amendments targeted towards moving close to harmonize with GST regime in
future
major highlights of budget discussions/proposals on GST –
DTC and GST to mark a water shed
Decisions on GST to be taken in concert with the states
Areas of divergence between centre and states narrowed
Constitutional Amendment Bill likely to be introduced in current session
Drafting of model legislation for central and state GST underway
Establishment of IT infrastructure in process (GST network)
NSDL selected as technology partner for GST
Tax rates maintained at same level of 10% to stay on course towards ST
Certain central excise rates changed to prepare the ground for transition to GST by
reducing number of exemptions
Nominal central excise duty of 1% imposed on 130 items, no Cenvat credit allowed on
such items.
• In service tax, proposals aim to achieve a close fit between the present service tax
regime and GST.
GST - Journey so far
GST - Journey so far
Budget 2012 • • • • • • • No announcement on GST rollout date GST
Budget 2012
No announcement on GST rollout date
GST to be implemented in consultation with the States at the earliest
GST network (GSTN) likely to be in place from August, 2012
GSTN will implement common PAN based registration, return filing and
processing of payments for centre and all states on a shared platform.
Bringing closer of Service Tax and Central Excise for transition to GST
Drafting of modal legislation for CGST and SGST under progress.
Common forms for Service Tax and Central Excise registration and return
proposed.
Place of Supply Rules, 2012 to trigger debate to assess issues that may
arise in taxation of inter state services for eventual launch of GST.
The Journey – beginning of end Past Now Future
The Journey – beginning of end
Past
Now
Future
The Journey – beginning of end Past Now Future Past National GST Now Dual GST Future

Past

National GST

The Journey – beginning of end Past Now Future Past National GST Now Dual GST Future
The Journey – beginning of end Past Now Future Past National GST Now Dual GST Future

Now

Dual GST

The Journey – beginning of end Past Now Future Past National GST Now Dual GST Future
The Journey – beginning of end Past Now Future Past National GST Now Dual GST Future

Future

???????

The Journey – beginning of end Past Now Future Past National GST Now Dual GST Future
GST today – Need & Advantages
GST today – Need & Advantages
• As a developing country, India needs a transparent & unambiguous tax structure • A complex
As a developing country, India needs a transparent
& unambiguous tax
structure
A complex tax structure with multiple rates of taxes
Multiple taxes across the supply chain
High transaction cost in the hands of the tax payers
• Increased tax collections due to wider tax base and better compliance
Improvement in international cost competitiveness of indigenous goods
and services.
Enhancement in efficiency in manufacture and distribution due to
economies of scale
GST encourages an unbiased tax structure that is neutral to business
processes, business models, organization structure, product substitutes
and geographical locations
Helping as a weapon against corruption
GST operates on a negative list i.e. all goods and services are subject to
GST unless specifically exempted
to be contd…..
GST today – Need & Advantages
GST today – Need & Advantages
• Nature of complexities i.e. classification to valuation regarding taxability, exist in the present structure. Some
• Nature of complexities i.e. classification to valuation
regarding taxability, exist in the present structure.
Some of such burning issues are:
Excise on MRP
Excise, VAT and Service Tax on Software,
VAT & Service tax on:
• Works Contracts
Right to Use
• Composite Contracts such as AMC transactions
to be contd… ..
to be contd… ..
GST today – Need & Advantages
GST today – Need & Advantages
GST today – Need & Advantages • Tax cascading effect –  Central Sales Tax (CST)

Tax cascading effect

 Central Sales Tax (CST) on inter-state sales, collected by the origin state and for which
 Central Sales Tax (CST) on inter-state sales, collected by
the origin state and for which no credit is allowed by any
level of government – being phased out now
 Real estate transactions are outside the scope of both VAT and CENVAT
 Real estate transactions are outside the scope of both VAT
and CENVAT
 Exempt sectors are not allowed to claim any credit for the CENVAT or the service
 Exempt sectors are not allowed to claim any credit for the
CENVAT or the service tax paid on their inputs
What is GST
What is GST
• GST is a comprehensive value added tax on goods and services • • • It
GST is a comprehensive value added tax on goods and services
It is collected on value added at each stage of sale or purchase in the supply chain
No differentiation between Goods and Services as GST is levied at each stage in the
supply chain
Seamless input tax credit throughout the supply chain
At all stages of production and distribution, taxes are a pass through and tax is borne by
the final consumer
All sectors are taxed with very few exceptions / exemptions
Full tax credits on inputs – 100 % set off
In most countries, a single VAT exists which covers both goods and services.
Typically it is a single rate VAT but two - three rate VAT systems are also prevalent –
India will be following multi rate / multi tier tax
Canada and Brazil alone have a dual VAT
Standard GST rate in most countries range between 15-20 percent
GST exists in over 140 countries .
GST : Proposed Key Features
GST : Proposed Key Features
 Dual GST : Central GST & State GST  Destination based State GST  Common
Dual GST : Central GST & State GST
Destination based State GST
Common Base
Uniform Classification
Uniform Forms – Returns, Challans ( in electronic mode)
No cascading of Central and State taxes
Cross credit between Centre and State not allowed
Tax levied from production to consumption
to be contd……..
to be contd……..
GST : Proposed Key Features
GST : Proposed Key Features
 HSN to be applied for goods  One Common return for both Central and State
HSN to be applied for goods
One Common return for both Central and State GST
Uniform collection procedure for central and state GST
13 digit PAN based Common TIN registration
TINXSYS ( Tax Information Exchange System) to track transactions
States to collect CGST for SSI < 150 L and transfer to Central Government
Balance
of
Fiscal
Autonomy
to
Center
and
States
and
need
for
Harmonization
Goods & Service Tax - GST
Goods & Service Tax - GST
• GST is expected to be more efficient system of taxation • Boost to the revenues
• GST is expected to be more efficient system of taxation
• Boost to the revenues of the Centre and states
Years
Excise
Service Tax
2000-01
68,282
2,612
2010-11
1,37,427
70,391
2011-12
1,50,600
95,000
2012-13 (target)
1,94,350
1,24,000
Taxes proposed to be subsumed in GST
Taxes proposed to be subsumed in GST
Central Taxes – – Excise Duty Additional Excise duty – Excise duty under medicinal and toilet
Central Taxes
Excise Duty
Additional Excise duty
Excise duty under medicinal and toilet preparation Act
Service Tax
Additional Custom duty commonly known as countervailing duty (CVD), special additional
duty( SAD)
Surcharge
Cess
State Taxes
Value added tax (VAT)
Entertainment tax levied by states
Luxury Tax
Tax on Lottery, betting and gambling
Entry tax other than for local bodies
State surcharge Cess /
to be contd…..
to be contd…..
Taxes proposed to be subsumed in GST
Taxes proposed to be subsumed in GST
State governments still not have consensus on following taxes to be subsumed in GST – •
State governments still not have consensus on following taxes to be
subsumed in GST –
• Purchase tax
• Octroi duty
• Tax on alcoholic beverages (country liquor / IMFL)
• Tax on petroleum products
• Tax on tobacco items
GST- WHAT ALL IT WILL INCLUDE
GST- WHAT ALL IT WILL INCLUDE
• A sale or supply includes a sale of goods • • • Lease of premises
A sale or supply includes a sale of goods
Lease of premises
Hire of equipment
Giving advice
Export of goods and supply of other things.
A purchase includes an acquisition of goods or services such as
trading stock a lease, consumables and other things.
GST : Global Perspective • More than 140 countries have introduced GST. • It has been
GST : Global Perspective
More than 140 countries have introduced GST.
It has been a part of the tax landscape in Europe for the past 50
years.
It is fast becoming the preferred form of indirect tax in the Asia-
Pacific region.
It is interesting to note that there are over 40 models of GST
currently in force, each with its own peculiarities.
While countries such as Singapore and New Zealand tax virtually
everything at a single rate, Indonesia has five positive rates, a zero
rate and over 30 categories of exemptions.
In China, GST applies only to goods and the provision of repairs,
replacement and processing services.
It is only recoverable on goods used in the production process, and
GST on fixed assets is not recoverable.
There is a separate business tax in the form of VAT.
to be contd… ..
to be contd… ..
GST- RATES WORLD WIDE
GST- RATES WORLD WIDE

Country

GST Rates

China

-

17%

Indonesia

-

10%

Philippines

-

10%

Taiwan (Chinese Taipei)

-

5%

Australia

-

10%

Germany

-

16%

Denmark

-

25%

Japan & Singapore

-

5%

UK

-

17.5%

France

-

19.6%

New Zealand

-

12.5%

to be contd..

GST : Global Perspective • Goods and Services Tax in Canada • GST is a multi-level
GST : Global Perspective
Goods and Services Tax in Canada
• GST is a multi-level value added tax introduced on January 1, 1991.
• The GST replaced a hidden 13.5% Manufacturers’ Sales Tax (MST).
• As of May 18th, 2010, the GST rate is 5% and some goods &
services are exempt from GST zero-rated goods & services
• Model has helped the Canada’s economy to be more efficient and
competitive
Goods and Services Tax in Japan
• In Japan, VAT or GST is known as Consumption Tax (CT)
introduced in January 1989.
• It requires re-calculation and payments to the tax authorities at
each transaction point in the onward sales chain.
• The Japanese Consumption Tax rate is currently 5% and out of
which 4% is national levy and 1% regional levy.
• There is an annual threshold of YEN 10 million, based on the base
year of two years prior to the tax year.
to be contd…..
to be contd…..
GST : Global Perspective
GST : Global Perspective
Goods and Services Tax in Australia • Consumption tax is called Value Added Tax. • GST
Goods and Services Tax in Australia
• Consumption tax is called Value Added Tax.
• GST provisions are set out in a piece of Legislation called the ‘A
New Tax System (Goods and Service Tax) Act 1999’ and the GST
was implemented on 11th July, 2000.
• GST@10% will be charged on most goods and services consumed
in Australia.
• All imported goods are assigned a tariff classification obtained from
the Australian Customs Tariff which determines the rate of duty will
pay for the product.
• GST is not intended to apply to goods and services which are
exported from Australia and there are specific provisions in the GST
law designed to make exports GST-free.
to be contd… ..
to be contd… ..
GST : Global Perspective
GST : Global Perspective
• Goods and Services Tax in Brazil • Brazil was the first country to adopt GST
• Goods and Services Tax in Brazil
• Brazil was the first country to adopt GST system.
• Brazil has adopted a dual GST where the tax is levied by
both the central and the provincial governments.
• GST rate is 20 %.
GST- CAN WE ADOPT IT
GST- CAN WE ADOPT IT
• An information network allowing states to cross-check payment information (TINXSYS) has been put to trial
An information network allowing states to cross-check payment information
(TINXSYS) has been put to trial and is expected to improve compliance and
reduce evasion.
What is needed is an IT system like the Tax Information Network (TIN),
where the TDS or the VAT credit is recorded in a central database.
Paper bills and fraud to be largely eliminated.
Obligations to be fulfilled by IT System –
Registration
Return
Current status of the system
Refund
Tax Deposition
GSTN to be operational by August, 2012
Features of Dual GST Model
Features of Dual GST Model
– Dual levy – by Centre & States – Various taxes that get subsumed in GST
– Dual levy – by Centre & States
– Various taxes that get subsumed in GST
Manner of Implementation
Dual Chain vis a vis Single Chain
Inter-chain VAT ability
Inter State VAT ability
– Items included in each chain
– Dual rates of taxation
Key Features of Credit Mechanism
Key Features of Credit Mechanism
• CGST can be set off against CGST • SGST can be set off against SGST
• CGST can be set off against CGST
• SGST can be set off against SGST
• CGST cannot be used for set off against
SGST and vice versa.
Seamless Credit Mechanism
Seamless Credit Mechanism
• Input tax credit to be available for Central GST as well as State GST paid
• Input tax credit to be available for Central GST as well as
State GST paid irrespective of the collecting agency
• Create a nationwide clearinghouse mechanism to facilitate transfer of Central and State GST and allow
Create
a
nationwide
clearinghouse mechanism to
facilitate transfer of Central and State GST and allow
credit for tax paid
Seamless Credit Mechanism
Seamless Credit Mechanism
• It will also end the distortion in differential tax treatment of various goods and services.
It
will
also
end the distortion
in differential tax
treatment of various goods and services.
GST
is
going
to be pinnacle
of achieving
an
integration of excise duties, service tax, State
value added tax and other local taxes.
• With GST, uniformity of levy of indirect taxes will
be ensured across the country.
Central GST (CGST) • levied by the Centre through a separate statute on all transactions of
Central GST (CGST)
• levied by the Centre through a separate
statute on all transactions of goods and
services made for a consideration.
• Exceptions would be exempted goods and
services, goods kept out of GST and
transactions below prescribed threshold
limits.
• CGST would be levied across the value chain.
• Rates for CGST would be prescribed
appropriately reflecting revenue considerations
and acceptability.
State GST (SGST)
State GST (SGST)
• Levied by the States through statute on all transactions of goods and services made for
• Levied by the States through statute on all transactions
of goods and services made for a consideration.
• Exceptions would be exempted goods and services,
goods kept out of GST and transactions below prescribed
threshold limits.
• Basic features of law such as chargeability, taxable
event, measure, valuation, classification would be
uniform across these Statutes as far as practicable.
• State GST would be paid to the accounts of the
respective State.
Inter-state Transactions
Inter-state Transactions
• Centre would levy IGST which would be CGST + SGST. • IGST would be levied
• Centre would levy IGST which would be CGST +
SGST.
• IGST would be levied on all inter-State
transactions of taxable goods and services with
appropriate provision for consignment or stock
transfer of goods and services.
• Inter-State dealer will pay IGST after adjusting
available, IGST, CGST and SGST on purchases.
IGST • The seller in State - A will pay the IGST to the Centre. •
IGST
• The seller in State - A will pay the IGST to the
Centre.
• While paying IGST the seller will adjust against
available credit of IGST, CGST and SGST.
• State Government - A will have to transfer the
credit of SGST used by the seller for payment of
IGST to the Centre.
To be cont.
To be cont.
IGST
IGST
• Buyer in State - B can avail credit of the IGST charged. • Buyer in
• Buyer in State - B can avail credit of the IGST
charged.
• Buyer in State - B can use the IGST to discharge
output tax liability in his own State.
• Centre has to transfer credit of IGST used for
payment of SGST to State Government - B.
.
.
IGST – ILLUSTRATION
IGST – ILLUSTRATION
• Maharashtra seller selling to Karnataka buyer for Rs.1,00,000/-. • IGST payable assuming an 8% rate
• Maharashtra seller selling to Karnataka buyer for
Rs.1,00,000/-.
• IGST payable assuming an 8% rate is Rs.8,000/-.
• Rs.8,000/- can be paid by adjusting
– Inter-State purchases (IGST) Rs.3,000/-
– Local purchases (CGST) Rs.1,500/-
– Local purchases (SGST) Rs.1,500/-
• Since dealer has used SGST of Maharashtra to the extent
of Rs.1,500/-, Centre has to transfer Rs.1,500/- to
Maharashtra Government.
IGST – ILLUSTRATION
IGST – ILLUSTRATION
• IGST of Rs.8,000/- is availed as credit by Karnataka buyer. • Karnataka dealer sells the
• IGST of Rs.8,000/- is availed as credit by Karnataka
buyer.
• Karnataka dealer sells the goods at Rs.2,00,000/-
attracting CGST of say Rs.16,000/- and SGST of
Rs.16,000/-.
• If IGST of Rs.8,000/- is used to pay the SGST then
Karnataka Government has to transfer Rs.8,000/- to the
Centre.
ILLUSTRATION OF GST
ILLUSTRATION OF GST
ILLUSTRATION OF GST
Taxing of Inter State Transactions
Taxing of Inter State Transactions
 Tax Payment by exporting dealer to the account of receiving state  Credit allowed to
Tax Payment by exporting dealer to the account of receiving
state
Credit
allowed
to
the buying
dealer by receiving state
on
verification
Retention by receiving state on sale to non-dealer
Declaration form to be discontinued
Knowing more about GST
Knowing more about GST
• We all will pay GST on every product or service we buy/ consume • All
We all will pay GST on every product or service we buy/ consume
All indirect taxes
levied by the States
and the Centre
will be
merged into one GST, we would exactly know how much tax we
pay which at present is difficult to understand.
No distinction would be made between imported or Indian goods
and they would be taxed at the same rate.
• The sellers or service providers collect the tax from their customer.
Before depositing the same to the exchequer, they deduct the tax
they have already paid.
The success of GST would rest upon efficiency, equity and
simplicity.
GST- How It Works
GST- How It Works
• Dealers will charge GST on the price of goods and services. • Claim credits (CENVAT)
• Dealers will
charge GST on
the
price of
goods and services.
• Claim credits (CENVAT) on purchases of
goods and services.
• collect
the
tax
from their customer, and
deduct the tax already paid.
Imports should be taxed?
Imports should be taxed?
• Dual GST should be levied on imports also with facility of credit for the tax
• Dual GST should be levied on imports also with
facility of credit for the tax paid
• Exports must be zero rated i.e. there should be no tax element in the price
• Exports must be zero rated i.e. there should be
no tax element in the price of goods exported
Tax Exemptions
Tax Exemptions
• Area Based To be discontinued after current eligibility period • Product Based To be converted
• Area Based
To be discontinued after current eligibility period
• Product Based
To be converted in to refund route
• Limited Flexibility
To Centre & States barring few exceptions
GST- It’s System
GST- It’s System
Invoice System • In this system, the credit of GST paid is claimed on the basis
Invoice System
• In this system, the credit of GST paid is claimed on the
basis of invoice.
• It is claimed when the invoice is received.
• It is immaterial whether payment is made or not.
• The GST (Output) is accounted for when invoice is
raised.
• The time of receipt of payment is immaterial.
• The advantage of invoice system is that the input credit
can be claimed without making the payment.
• The disadvantage of the invoice system is that the GST
has to be paid without receiving the payment.
GST - Challenges
GST - Challenges
• Rapid increase in assessee • Place of supply even after place of supply rules •
• Rapid increase in assessee
• Place of supply even after place of supply
rules
• Legislative challenge
• Effective credit mechanism
• IT Infrastructure
Issues from Trader’s Perspective
Issues from Trader’s Perspective
• Dialogue with Trade & Industry and all other stake holders • Industrial inputs, Capital goods
Dialogue with Trade & Industry and all other stake holders
Industrial inputs, Capital goods to be at lower rate
List of exempted goods – specific/common across states
Stock transfers should be exempted monitors through system based
controls
GST : Professional Opportunities
GST : Professional Opportunities
• Knowledge management • Preparatory advisory • Cost benefit analysis • GST implementation • Training /
• Knowledge management
• Preparatory advisory
• Cost benefit analysis
• GST implementation
• Training / seminars / awareness
• Planning compliances
• Advance ruling representation
• Employment with corporates
• Client retainerships
• GST Audit
Issues from Industry ’ s Perspective • All declaration forms (Form F, C) should be abolished

Issues from Industrys Perspective

• All declaration forms (Form F, C) should be abolished • Monitoring through system based controls
All declaration forms (Form F, C) should be abolished
Monitoring through system based controls
Full set-off of Input tax credit to the assessee / entity, based on
principle of business cost and expenditure
• Immediate credit of stock transfers, without one-to-one co-relation. • Set-off should be on entity /
Immediate credit of stock transfers, without one-to-one co-relation.
Set-off should be on entity / concern basis.
Refunds, if any, should be automatic through system based controls.
Issues From Industry’s Perspective
Issues From Industry’s Perspective
• Multiple state jurisdictions. • Full set-off : a question mark • Building of IT backbone
Multiple state jurisdictions.
Full set-off : a question mark
Building of IT backbone
Uniform legislation, forms, rules, rates, compliance requirements.
Any change post implementation should be uniform by all states not
piecemeal.
Bar on increase in rates, imposition of new taxes by states
Issues Yet To Be Decided
Issues Yet To Be Decided
• Constitutional amendment authorizing state to collect and retain tax on services. • Integration of certain
• Constitutional amendment authorizing state to
collect and retain tax on services.
• Integration of certain Central & State taxes
(Various Cess, Electricity duty, Entertainment tax
etc)
• Stock transfers
• Road permits and check posts
to be contd….
to be contd….
Issues Yet To Be Decided
Issues Yet To Be Decided
• Taxation of inter-state services and their method of taxation  Difficulties in defining Place of
• Taxation of inter-state services and their method of taxation
Difficulties in defining Place of supply, place of delivery
Group Health Insurance
Consulting services
However most of the B2B services not a problem
because of availability of credit
Disputes even with regard to classification of goods
Jurisdictional Issues with regard to registration and
Assessments
SCN
/
Favorable Impact on Industry
Favorable Impact on Industry
 Seamless credit to trade and industry throughout supply chain will improve competitiveness  Common Tax
Seamless credit to trade and industry throughout supply
chain will improve competitiveness
Common Tax Base will eliminate tax cascading
CST phase-out will reduce supply chain cost
Economy in production scale & efficiency in distribution
Simplified structure to reduce transaction cost
GST - Humor Business Man: Sir do you really think that ‘negative list of services’ is
GST - Humor
Business Man: Sir do you really think that ‘negative list of services’ is a
milestone in the road towards GST ?
CA:
Well…..I
think it is not a milestone, it seems to be a Pavement to the
GST road.
Business Man: Not understood Sir ……!!
CA: I mean the negative list has a capacity to exist along with Centre-
state disconnects on the services to be covered there under which are
partially forming part of the GST disconnects.
Business Man: Sir………I still could not understand anything.
CA: OK….I will tell you in your language…….states asked for35 services
to be included in the negative list….correct?
Business Man: Yes Sir.
Business CA: And Government kept only 17 services in the list and have
not included therein many services specified by the states. correct?
to be contd…….
GST - Humor
GST - Humor
Business Man: Yes Sir. CA: Now Empowered Committee of states is saying that their demand was
Business Man: Yes Sir.
CA: Now Empowered Committee of states is saying that their demand
was not taken into consideration and negative list will lead to double
taxation and litigation….correct?
Business Man: Yes Sir.
CA: So the negative list of services when implemented will Complement
the Centre -States
contended road to
GST,
and
can
fit
in
as
pavement along with that road whenever it comes into
existence….Understood??
Business Man: No
Sir……..I
mean. Yes Sir……I mean I will think over
it…and am sure that I will understand!!!
THANK YOU FOR YOUR PRECIOUS TIME AND ATTENTION Dr. Sanjiv Agarwal FCA, FCS, Jaipur asandco@gmail.com sanjivservicetax@gmail.com
THANK YOU
FOR
YOUR
PRECIOUS TIME
AND
ATTENTION
Dr. Sanjiv Agarwal
FCA, FCS, Jaipur
asandco@gmail.com
sanjivservicetax@gmail.com