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Gauges (classification and types)

Gauges

(classification and types)

Presented to: Ms. Samina Ishaq Presented by: Ahmad Ali Bhatti Usama Ahmad Khan Muhammad Usman Akram

Presented to:

Ms. Samina Ishaq

Presented by:

Ahmad Ali Bhatti

Usama Ahmad Khan

Muhammad Usman Akram Muhammad Mansoor Alam

2015-ME-302

2015-ME-314

2015-ME-340

2015-ME-355

Introduction to Gauges • The process of gauging, done in manufacturing, refers to checking to see

Introduction to Gauges

The process of gauging, done in manufacturing, refers to checking to see if the measuring devices in the production are within limit or not.

The tools used for this process are called “gauges”. It does not reveal the actual magnitude of dimensions. Difference between a measuring instrument and a gauge. Gauges are used for dimensional control of the component parts Process of Manufacturing Gauges

Materials for Gauges • High carbon and alloy steels. • Objections to steel gauges. • Chrome

Materials for Gauges

High carbon and alloy steels. Objections to steel gauges. Chrome plating or cemented carbides as the surface material.

Some gauges are made entirely of cemented carbides or they have cemented carbides inserted at certain wear points.

Classification of Gauges based on different criteria 5

Classification of Gauges based on different criteria

Classification of Gauges based on different criteria 5
According to Types According to types and principle of manufacturing the gauges can be classified as:

According to Types

According to types and principle of manufacturing the gauges can be classified as:

Standard Gauges. Limit Gauges. Indicating Gauges. Combination Gauges.

Standard Gauges • Standard gauges are made to the nominal size of the part to be

Standard Gauges

Standard gauges are made to the nominal size of the part to be tested.

Have the measuring member equal in size to the mean permissible dimension of the part to be checked.

A standard gauge should be well arranged.

Example 8

Example

Example 8
Limit Gauges • These are made to the limit sizes of the work to be measured.

Limit Gauges

These are made to the limit sizes of the work to be measured.

One of the sides or ends of the gauge is made to correspond to maximum (Go) and the other end to the minimum (No-Go) permissible size.

The “go‟ member must pass into or over an acceptable piece but the “no go‟ member should not.

Gauges and components to be checked should be at same temperature.

Example 10

Example

Example 10
Indicating Gauges • Complex in design and construction. • Indicate value of dimensions on Visual Display

Indicating Gauges

Complex in design and construction. Indicate value of dimensions on Visual Display System.

Example Dial Indicator 12

Example

Example Dial Indicator 12

Dial Indicator

Combination Gauges • Specially Designed. • Check more than one dimensions of a component in a

Combination Gauges

Specially Designed. Check more than one dimensions of a component in a given setup.

Example Gauge Measuring Angle Tools Combination Center Locator 14

Example

Example Gauge Measuring Angle Tools Combination Center Locator 14

Gauge Measuring Angle Tools Combination Center Locator

According to purpose According to the purpose gauges can be classified as: • Workshop Gauges •

According to purpose

According to the purpose gauges can be classified as:

Workshop Gauges Inspection Gauges

Master Gauges

Workshop Gauges • Used at the bench or machine in gauging the work as it is

Workshop Gauges

Used at the bench or machine in gauging the work as it is being made.

Used by the machine operator to check the dimensions of the components as they are being made.

Designed on the philosophy of no defect policy. Tolerances are kept high.

These gauges are designed to keep the size of the component near the center line of the

tolerance.

Examples Calipers Feller Plate and Wire 17

Examples

Examples Calipers Feller Plate and Wire 17
Examples Calipers Feller Plate and Wire 17
Calipers
Calipers
Feller
Feller
Examples Calipers Feller Plate and Wire 17
Plate and Wire
Plate and Wire
Inspection Gauges • Used by the inspection personnel to inspect manufactured parts when finished. • Have

Inspection Gauges

Used by the inspection personnel to inspect manufactured parts when finished. Have slightly larger tolerances than workshop gauges. Used to check part before the final acceptance.

Examples Ring gauge Plug Gauge Snap Gauge 19

Examples

Examples Ring gauge Plug Gauge Snap Gauge 19
Examples Ring gauge Plug Gauge Snap Gauge 19
Ring gauge
Ring gauge
Plug Gauge
Plug Gauge
Examples Ring gauge Plug Gauge Snap Gauge 19
Snap Gauge
Snap Gauge
Master Gauges • Also referred as reference gauges. • Used only for checking the size or

Master Gauges

Also referred as reference gauges. Used only for checking the size or condition of other gauges. Represent as exactly as possible the physical dimensions of the product. Expensive. Gauges are checked by conventional measuring instruments like comparators, slip gauges and optimizers etc.

Examples Slip Gauges 21

Examples

Examples Slip Gauges 21
Slip Gauges
Slip Gauges
According to design and function Following gauges are the most commonly used in production work. The

According to design and function

Following gauges are the most commonly used in production work. The classification is principally according to the shape or purpose for which each is used.

Plug Gauges

Screw Pitch Gauges

Ring Gauges

Radius and Fillet Gauges

Taper Gauges

Feller Gauges

Snap Gauges

Plate and Wire Gauges

Thread Gauges

Indicating Gauges

Air Gauges

Form Gauges

Plug Gauges • A plain plug gauge is an accurate cylinder used as an internal gauge

Plug Gauges

A plain plug gauge is an accurate cylinder used as an internal gauge for size control of holes It is provided with a suitable handle for holding & is made in a variety of styles These gauges may be either single or double ended Double ended plain gauges have “GO” and “NOT GO” members assembled on opposite ends, where as Progressive gauges have both gauging sections combined on one side

Plug Gauges 24

Plug Gauges

Plug Gauges 24
Ring Gauges • Used to gauge outside diameters Used in Pairs as “Go” & “Not Go”

Ring Gauges

Used to gauge outside diameters Used in Pairs as “Go” & “Not Go”

Allow shafts to be checked more accurately since they embrace the whole of their surface.

More expensive.

Ring Gauges 26

Ring Gauges

Ring Gauges 26
Taper Gauges • Taper gauges are not dimensional gauges but rather a means of checking in

Taper Gauges

Taper gauges are not dimensional gauges but rather a means of checking in terms of degrees

Their use is a matter more of fitting rather than measuring. Taper gauges are made in both the plug and ring styles.

Taper Gauges 28

Taper Gauges

Taper Gauges 28
Taper Gauges 28
Snap Gauges • A Snap gauge is used in the measurement of external dimensions, • It

Snap Gauges

A Snap gauge is used in the measurement of external dimensions,

It consist of a U-shaped frame having jaws equipped with suitable gauging surfaces.

A plan gauge has two parallel jaws or anvils which are made to

some standard size &

cannot be adjusted They may be either single-or double -ended

Snap Gauges 30

Snap Gauges

Snap Gauges 30
Thread Gauges • Thread gauges are used to check the pitch diameter of the thread. •

Thread Gauges

Thread gauges are used to check the pitch diameter of the thread. For checking internal threads (nut, bushes, etc.), plug thread gauges are used for checking external threads (screws, bolts, etc.), ring thread gauges are used Single-piece thread gauges serve for measuring small diameters.

The “go” non-adjustable ring gauges are full threaded while the „no go‟ have truncated thread profile.

Thread Gauges 32

Thread Gauges

Thread Gauges 32
Form Gauges • Form gauges may be used to check the contour of a profile of

Form Gauges

Form gauges may be used to check the contour of a profile of work piece for conformance to

certain shape or form specifications.

Template Gauge - A profile gauge may contain two outlines that represent the limits within which a profile must lie.

Form Gauges 34

Form Gauges

Form Gauges 34
Screw Pitch Gauges • Used in picking out a required screw. • For checking the pitch

Screw Pitch Gauges

Used in picking out a required screw. For checking the pitch of the screw threads.

Consist of a number of flat blades which are cut out to a given pitch and pivoted in a holder.

In checking a thread for its pitch the closest corresponding gauge blade is selected

Screw Pitch Gauges 36

Screw Pitch Gauges

Screw Pitch Gauges 36
Radius and Fillet Gauges • Check the radius of curvature of convex and concave surfaces over

Radius and Fillet Gauges

Check the radius of curvature of convex and concave surfaces over a range from 1 to 25 mm. Made in sets of thin plates curved to different radius at the ends. Consists of 16 convex and 16 concave blades.

Radius and Fillet Gauges 38

Radius and Fillet Gauges

Radius and Fillet Gauges 38
Feller Gauges • Used for checking clearances between mating surfaces. • They are made in form

Feller Gauges

Used for checking clearances between mating surfaces.

They are made in form of a set of steel, precision machined blade 0.03 to 1.0 mm thick and 100 mm long.

The blades are provided in a holder.

Feller Gauges 40

Feller Gauges

Feller Gauges 40
Plate and Wire Gauges • The thickness of a sheet metal is checked by means of

Plate and Wire Gauges

The thickness of a sheet metal is checked by means of plate gauges and wire diameters by wire gauges. The plate gauge is used to check the thickness of plates from 0.25 to 5.0 mm The wire gauge is used to check the diameters of wire from 0.1 to 10 mm.

Plate and Wire Gauges 42

Plate and Wire Gauges

Plate and Wire Gauges 42
Indicating Gauges • Employ a means to magnify how much a dimension deviates • Intended for

Indicating Gauges

Employ a means to magnify how much a dimension deviates Intended for measuring errors in geometrical form and size For testing surfaces for their true position with respect to one another Indicating gauges can be of a dial or lever type, the former being the most widely used

Air Gauges • Pneumatic or air gauges are used primarily to determine the inside characteristics of

Air Gauges

Pneumatic or air gauges are used primarily to determine the inside characteristics of a hole by means of compressed air.

It has two types.

The flow type operates on the principle of varying air velocities at constant pressure. the pressure type operates on the principle of air escaping through an orifice.

Air Gauges 45

Air Gauges

Air Gauges 45