Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 50

Boundless Lecture Slides

Available on the Boundless Teaching Platform Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Boundless Teaching Using Boundless Presentations
Platform
Boundless empowers educators to engage their students
with affordable, customizable textbooks and intuitive
teaching tools. The free Boundless Teaching Platform
gives educators the ability to customize textbooks in
The Appendix
more than 20 subjects that align to hundreds of popular The appendix is for you to use to add depth and
titles. Get started by using high quality Boundless books, breadth to your lectures. You can simply drag and
or make switching to our platform easier by building from
Boundless content pre-organized to match the assigned drop slides from the appendix into the main
textbook. This platform gives educators the tools they presentation to make for a richer lecture
need to assign readings and assessments, monitor experience.
student activity, and lead their classes with pre-made
teaching resources.

Get started now at:


http://boundless.com/teaching-platform

Free to edit, share, and copy


Feel free to edit, share, and make as many copies
of the Boundless presentations as you like. We
encourage you to take these presentations and
make them your own.

If you have any questions or problems please email:

educators@boundless.com

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
About Boundless
Boundless is an innovative technology company making education more affordable and
accessible for students everywhere. The company creates the world’s best open educational
content in 20+ subjects that align to more than 1,000 popular college textbooks. Boundless
integrates learning technology into all its premium books to help students study more efficiently
at a fraction of the cost of traditional textbooks. The company also empowers educators to
engage their students more effectively through customizable books and intuitive teaching tools
as part of the Boundless Teaching Platform. More than 2 million learners access Boundless free
and premium content each month across the company’s wide distribution platforms, including its
website, iOS apps, Kindle books, and iBooks. To get started learning or teaching with
Boundless, visit boundless.com.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Introduction to Sensation
Sensation and
Perception
Sensory Processes

Introduction to Perception

Advanced Topics in Perception

Sensation and Perception

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception > Introduction to Sensation

Introduction to Sensation
• Introduction to Sensation
• Sensory Absolute Thresholds
• Sensory Difference Thresholds
• Sensory Adaptation

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
www.boundless.com/psychology/textbooks/boundless-psychology-textbook/sensation-and-perception-5/introduction-to-sensation-37/
Sensation and Perception > Sensory Processes

Sensory Processes
• Vision: The Visual System, the Eye, and Color Vision
• Audition: Hearing, the Ear, and Sound Localization
• Gustation: Taste Buds and Taste
• Olfaction: The Nasal Cavity and Smell
• Somatosensation: Pressure, Temperature, and Pain
• Additional Sensory Systems

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
www.boundless.com/psychology/textbooks/boundless-psychology-textbook/sensation-and-perception-5/sensory-processes-38/
Sensation and Perception > Introduction to Perception

Introduction to Perception
• Introducing the Perception Process
• Selection
• Organization
• Interpretation
• Perceptual Constancy

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
www.boundless.com/psychology/textbooks/boundless-psychology-textbook/sensation-and-perception-5/introduction-to-perception-39/
Sensation and Perception > Advanced Topics in Perception

Advanced Topics in Perception


• Perceiving Depth, Distance, and Size
• Perceiving Motion
• Unconscious Perception

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
www.boundless.com/psychology/textbooks/boundless-psychology-textbook/sensation-and-perception-5/advanced-topics-in-perception-40/
Appendix
Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Key terms
• absolute threshold The lowest level at which a stimulus can be detected 50% of the time.
• afferent Leading to the brain.
• binocular Using two eyes or viewpoints; especially using two eyes or viewpoints to ascertain distance.
• cocktail party effect The phenomenon of being able to selectively focus on a particular stimulus while filtering out a range of
other stimuli in the same way that a partygoer can focus on a single conversation in a noisy room or notice their name being
spoken in another conversation.
• convergence The act of moving toward union.
• corpuscle A minute particle; an atom; a molecule.
• Gestalt Laws of Grouping A set of principles in psychology that explains how humans naturally perceive stimuli as organized
patterns and objects.
• gustducin A protein associated with the sensation of taste.
• interaural Describing the differences between the reception of sound (especially timing and intensity) by each ear.
• Interpretation The third and final stage of the perception process. This stage is characterized by our representation and
understanding of stimuli in our environment. In this stage, individuals most directly display their subjective views of the world
around them.
• kinesthesia Proprioception or static position sense; the perception of the position and posture of the body; also, more broadly,
including the motion of the body as well.
• kinesthesia Proprioception or static position sense; the perception of the position and posture of the body; also, more broadly,
including the motion of the body as well.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

• luminance The amount of light that passes through or that is emitted from a particular area and that falls within a given solid
angle.
• mechanoreceptor Any receptor that provides an organism with information about mechanical changes in its environment, such
as movement, tension, and pressure.
• monocular Of or with one eye.
• motion perception The process of inferring the speed and direction of objects based on visual input.
• mucosa The membrane where olfactory receptor cells are located.
• nociception The physiological process underlying the sensation of pain.
• odorant Any substance that has a distinctive smell, especially one added to another substance (such as household gas) for
safety purposes.
• orbitofrontal Located in the frontal lobes above the eyes.
• organization The second stage of the perceptual process; the process through which we mentally arrange information into
meaningful and digestible patterns.
• percept A mental representation of a stimulus
• Perception The organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information.
• Perception The organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

• Perception Process A sequence of steps that involves, sequentially: selection of stimuli in the environment, organization of that
information, and interpretation of those stimuli.
• Perceptual constancy The tendency to see familiar objects as having standard shape, size, color, or location regardless of
changes in the angle of perspective, distance, or lighting; stability in perception despite gross instability in stimulation.
• Perceptual Expectancy A predisposition to perceive things in a certain way, demonstrated by selective retention, perception,
and exposure.
• Perceptual Schema Psychological systems of categorization that we use to organize impressions of people (appearance, social
roles, interaction style, habits, etc.).
• pheromone A chemical secreted by an animal, especially an insect, that affects the development or behavior of other members
of the same species; functions often as a means of attracting a member of the opposite sex.
• photoreceptor A specialized neuron able to detect and react to light. Includes both cones (daytime and color) and rods
(nighttime).
• phototransduction The process whereby the various bodies in the retina convert light into electrical signals.
• priming The implicit memory effect in which exposure to a stimulus influences response to a subsequent stimulus.
• proprioception The sense of the position of parts of the body, relative to other neighboring parts of the body.
• receptor Any specialized cell or structure that responds to sensory stimuli.
• retina The thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball where light is converted into neural signals sent to the brain.
• Selection Stage one of the perception process, and the process by which we attend to some stimuli in our environment and not
others.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

• Self-concept A multi-dimensional construct that refers to an individual's perception of "self" in relation to any number of
characteristics, such as academics, gender roles and sexuality, racial identity, and many others.
• sensory receptor A sensory nerve ending that recognizes a stimulus in the internal or external environment of an organism.
• sensory threshold The point at which a stimulus causes a sensation within an individual; below the sensory threshold, there will
be no sensation.
• stereopsis In vision, the impression of depth that is perceived when a scene is viewed with both eyes.
• stimulus Anything effectively impinging on any of the sensory apparatuses of a living organism, including physical phenomena
both internal and external to the body.
• stimulus In psychology, any energy pattern (e.g., light or sound) that is registered by the senses.
• stroboscopic Studying or observing periodic movement by rendering a moving body visible only at regular intervals.
• tastant Any substance that stimulates the sense of taste.
• thermoreceptor A nerve cell that is sensitive to changes in temperature.
• umami One of the five basic tastes, the savory taste of foods such as seaweed, cured fish, aged cheeses, and meats.
• vestibular Of or pertaining to a body cavity.
• vestibular system The sensory system that contributes to balance and the sense of spatial orientation.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Duck or Rabbit?
In this famous optical illusion, your interpretation of this image as a duck or a rabbit depends on how you organize the information that you attend to.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia Commons. "Duck-Rabbit_illusion.jpg." Public domain https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Duck-Rabbit_illusion.jpg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

fMRI and the senses


This fMRI chart shows some of the neural activation that takes place during sensation. The occipital lobe is activated during visual stimulation, for
example.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikipedia. "RestingStateModels.jpg." CC BY 2.5 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensory_system%23/media/File:RestingStateModels.jpg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Taste Buds
A schematic drawing of a taste bud and its component pieces.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0e/Taste_bud.svg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

The law of similarity


Because of the law of similarity, people tend to see this as six clusters of black and white dots rather than 36 individual dots.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia Commons. "500px-Gestalt_similarity.svg.png." Public domain https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gestalt_similarity.svg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Gestalt law of proximity


Because of the law of proximity, people tend to see clusters of dots on a page instead of a large number of individual dots.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/22/Gestalt_proximity.svg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

IBM logo
The IBM logo plays on the law of closure. While it is made up of just lines, we perceive the three letters.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/51/IBM_logo.svg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

The Mouth
A cross-section of the human head, which displays the location of the mouth, tongue, pharynx, epiglottis, and throat.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d4/Illu01_head_neck.jpg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

The inner ear and the vestibular system


The vestibular system, together with the cochlea, makes up the workings of the inner ear and provides us with our sense of balance.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikipedia. "VestibularSystem." GNU FDL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:VestibularSystem.gif View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Rubin's Vase
Rubin's Vase is a popular optical illusion used to illustrate differences in perception of stimuli.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Dzine Blog. CC BY http://www.dzineblog360.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/rubin-vase.jpg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Barber pole illusion


In the barber pole illusion, a barber pole is rotated along the x-axis, but the diagonal stripes appear to move down the pole's y-axis in a way that is
inconsistent with the actual direction the pole is turning in.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. "Barberpole illusion animated." CC BY-SA http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Barberpole_illusion_animated.gif View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Olfactory Nerve
The olfactory nerve connects the olfactory system to the central nervous system to allow processing of odor information.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3a/Head_olfactory_nerve.jpg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Motor Homunculus
The motor homunculus is a theoretical visualization of the locations in the cortex that correspond to motor and sensory function in the body.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikipedia. "Homunculus." CC BY-SA 3.0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cortical_homunculus%23/media/File:1421_Sensory_Homunculus.jpg View on
Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

The Olfactory System


A cross-section of the olfactory system that labels all of the structures necessary to process odor information.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/Olfactory_system.svg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Anatomy of the human ear


The outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7c/HumanEar.jpg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Structural diagram of the cochlea


The cochlea is the snail-shaped portion of the inner ear responsible for sound wave transduction.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/Cochlea.svg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Phi phenomenon
In the phi phenomenon, it appears that the unlit section is "moving" around the circle rather than a series of bulbs going out one at a time.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Checker-shadow illusion
Color constancy tricks our brains into seeing squares A and B as two different colors; however, they are the exact same shade of gray.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikipedia. "309px-Grey_square_optical_illusion.png." CC BY https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grey_square_optical_illusion.PNG View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Experience affects the activation of neural networks


When information from an initial stimulus enters the brain, neural pathways associated with that stimulus are activated, and the stimulus is interpreted in
a specific manner.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
National Insitute of Health. "NIMH · Imaging Study Shows Brain Maturing." Public domain http://nimh.nih.gov/science-news/2004/imaging-study-shows-brain-
maturing.shtml View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Cocktail Party Effect


One will selectively attend to their name being spoken in a crowded room, even if they were not listening for it to begin with.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Psyblog. CC BY-SA http://www.spring.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/party.jpg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Light at the end of the tunnel: the absolute threshold for vision
In a dark space, an individual's saving grace can be the minimum amount of light needed to stimulate the eye in the dark environment and alert the brain
that it is seeing light.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Flickr. "Step into the Light | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/saxonmoseley/224426426/ View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Ebbinghaus illusion
The Ebbinghaus illusion illustrates how the perception of size is altered by the relative sizes of other objects. The two center circles are the same size,
though they may be perceived to be different sizes.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. "Ebbinghaus Illusion." CC BY http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ebbinghaus_Illusion.svg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Convergence
The train tracks look as though they come to a single point in the distance, illustrating the concept of convergence.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. "East Finchley stn centre platforms look south2." CC BY-SA
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:East_Finchley_stn_centre_platforms_look_south2.JPG View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

The cochlea
A cross-section of the cochlea, the main sensory organ of hearing, located in the inner ear.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0c/Cochlea-crosssection.png View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Turning Up the Volume


The difference threshold is the amount of stimulus change needed to recognize that a change has occurred. If someone changes the volume of a
speaker, the difference threshold is the amount it has to be changed in order for listeners to notice a difference.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Flickr. "turn the music up | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/melloveschallah/4806752364/in/photolist-8jKS1L-8nx9AH-8RPYid-axUEqt-
8RCVcn-baYq8i-ddSFnF-8hwv6H-dtHqjw-em8t2w-ecdUyL-bh8GEV-9tQdK6-8ooLtc-dQWKhi-8hVZyc-8bvWnw-97qmRc-9df9Rb-8quFW9-8thDyL-doFVfZ-8eh2jj-
Sensation and Perception

Human skin receptors


Mechanoreceptors can be free receptors or encapsulated. Examples of free receptors are the hair receptors at the roots of hairs, while encapsulated
receptors are the Pacinian corpuscles and the receptors in the glabrous (hairless) skin: Meissner's corpuscles, Ruffini's corpuscles, and Merkel's discs.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/61/Skin_proprioception.svg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Shape constancy
This form of perceptual constancy allows us to perceive that the door is made of the same shapes despite different images being delivered to our
retinae.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikipedia. "Shape_constancy.gif." Public domain https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subjective_constancy%23/media/File:Shape_constancy.gif View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

The Ponzo illusion


This famous optical illusion uses size constancy to trick us into thinking the top yellow line is longer than the bottom; they are actually the exact same
length.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikipedia. "Ponzo_illusion.gif." Public domain https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subjective_constancy%23/media/File:Ponzo_illusion.gif View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

The figure-ground law


In the Kanizsa triangle illusion, the figure-ground law causes most people to perceive a white triangle in the foreground, which makes the black shapes
recede into the background.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia Commons. "500px-Kanizsa_triangle.svg.png." CC BY-SA 3.0 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kanizsa_triangle.svg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Anatomy of the human eye


A cross-section of the human eye with its component pieces labeled. Clockwise from left: Optic nerve, optic disc, sclera, choroid, retina, zonular fibers,
posterior chamber, iris, pupil, cornea, aqueous humor, ciliary muscle, suspensory ligament, fovea, retinal blood vessels. In center: Vitreous humour,
hyaloid canal, lens.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1e/Schematic_diagram_of_the_human_eye_en.svg View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Cones and Rods


This density map shows the retina, which is made up of cones and rods. Cones perceive color and rods perceive shadow in images. In the fovea, which
is responsible for sharp central vision, there is huge density of cones but no rods.

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Wikimedia. CC BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f1/Density_rods_n_cones.png View on Boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

Attribution
• Wikipedia. "Cortical homunculus." CC BY-SA 3.0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cortical_homunculus%23Sensory
• Wiktionary. "vestibular." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/vestibular
• Wiktionary. "kinesthesia." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/kinesthesia
• Wiktionary. "receptor." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/receptor
• Wikibooks. "Human Physiology/Senses." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Senses
• Wikibooks. "Neuroscience/Neuroanatomy/The Brain/The Cerebrum." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Neuroscience/Neuroanatomy/The_Brain/The_Cerebrum
• Wikibooks. "Introduction to Psychology/Sensation and Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Psychology/Sensation_and_Perception
• Wikibooks. "Introduction to Psychology/Sensation and Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Psychology/Sensation_and_Perception
• Wikibooks. "Introduction to Psychology/Sensation and Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Psychology/Sensation_and_Perception
• Wikipedia. "sensory threshold." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/sensory%20threshold
• Wiktionary. "stimulus." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/stimulus
• Wikipedia. "Sensory threshold." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensory_threshold
• Wikibooks. "Acoustics/Threshold of Hearing & Pain." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Acoustics/Threshold_of_Hearing_&_Pain
• Wikibooks. "Acoustics/Threshold of Hearing & Pain." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Acoustics/Threshold_of_Hearing_&_Pain
• Wikipedia. "Absolute threshold." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absolute_threshold
• Wikipedia. "Absolute threshold." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absolute_threshold
Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

• Wikipedia. "Absolute threshold." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absolute_threshold


• Wiktionary. "absolute threshold." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/absolute_threshold
• Wiktionary. "sensory receptor." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/sensory_receptor
• Wikipedia. "Absolute threshold." CC BY-SA 3.0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absolute_threshold
• Wikipedia. "Sensory threshold." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensory_threshold
• Wikipedia. "Difference threshold." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Difference_threshold
• Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//psychology/definition/sensitization
• Wiktionary. "habituation." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/habituation
• Wiktionary. "corpuscle." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/corpuscle
• Wikipedia. "Habituation." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habituation
• Wikibooks. "Hypnosis/Chapters/Psychology." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Hypnosis/Chapters/Psychology
• Wikibooks. "Animal Behavior/Learning." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Animal_Behavior/Learning
• Wikibooks. "Human Physiology/Senses." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Senses
• Wikibooks. "Introduction to Psychology/Child and Adolescent Psychology/Infants and Toddlers." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Psychology/Child_and_Adolescent_Psychology/Infants_and_Toddlers
• Wikipedia. "Fovea centralis." CC BY-SA 3.0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fovea_centralis
• Wiktionary. "phototransduction." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/phototransduction
• Wiktionary. "photoreceptor." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/photoreceptor
• Wiktionary. "retina." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/retina
• Wikibooks. "Consciousness Studies/The Neurophysiology Of Sensation And Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Consciousness_Studies/The_Neurophysiology_Of_Sensation_And_Perception%23Depth_perceptio
n

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

• Wikibooks. "Human Physiology/Senses." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Senses


• Wikibooks. "Sensory Systems/Visual System." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems/Visual_System
• Wiktionary. "interaural." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/interaural
• Wiktionary. "afferent." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/afferent
• Wikibooks. "Sensory Systems/Auditory System." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems/Auditory_System
• Wikibooks. "Sensory Neuroscience: Hearing and speech." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Neuroscience:_Hearing_and_speech
• Wikibooks. "Human Physiology/Senses." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Senses%23The_Senses_Of_Hearing
• Wiktionary. "gustducin." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gustducin
• Wiktionary. "tastant." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/tastant
• Wiktionary. "umami." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/umami
• Saylor. CC BY-SA http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Senses.pdf
• Wikibooks. "Sensory Systems/Gustatory System." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems/Gustatory_System
• Wikibooks. "Human Physiology/Senses." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Senses%23Chemoreception
• Wiktionary. "orbitofrontal." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/orbitofrontal
• Wiktionary. "odorant." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/odorant
• Wiktionary. "pheromone." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/pheromone
• Wiktionary. "mucosa." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/mucosa
• Wikipedia. "Olfactory transduction." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olfactory_transduction
• Saylor. License: Other http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/Psych306-Reading-6.1.pdf
Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

• Wikibooks. "Sensory Systems/Olfactory System." CC BY-SA 3.0


http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems/Olfactory_System
• Wikibooks. "Human Physiology/Senses." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Senses%23Chemoreception
• Wikipedia. "Pain disorder." CC BY-SA 3.0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pain_disorder
• Wikipedia. "Somatic symptom disorder." CC BY-SA 3.0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somatic_symptom_disorder
• Wiktionary. "nociception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/nociception
• Wiktionary. "thermoreceptor." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/thermoreceptor
• Wiktionary. "mechanoreceptor." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/mechanoreceptor
• Wikibooks. "Human Physiology/Senses." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Senses
• Wikibooks. "Neuroscience/Cellular Neurobiology/Somatic Sensory System." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Neuroscience/Cellular_Neurobiology/Somatic_Sensory_System
• Wikibooks. "Introduction to Psychology/Sensation and Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Psychology/Sensation_and_Perception
• Wikibooks. "Human Physiology/Integumentary System." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Integumentary_System%23Skin
• Wikibooks. "Sensory Systems/Somatosensory System." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems/Somatosensory_System
• Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//biology/definition/vestibular-system
• Wiktionary. "kinesthesia." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/kinesthesia
• Wiktionary. "proprioception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/proprioception
• Wikipedia. "Vestibular system." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vestibular_system
• Wikipedia. "Proprioception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proprioception
• Wikibooks. "Sensory Systems/Somatosensory System." CC BY-SA 3.0
Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems/Somatosensory_System
Sensation and Perception

• Wikibooks. "Sensory Systems/Introduction." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems/Introduction


• Wikibooks. "Sensory Systems." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems
• Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//psychology/definition/neural-process-50d15ebf-
ad25-446d-92c0-9321eb2667b2
• Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//psychology/definition/perception-process
• Wikipedia. "Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perception
• Wikipedia. "Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perception
• Wikipedia. "Perceptual psychology." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perceptual_psychology
• Wikidot. "Top-down and bottom-up theories of perception - Cognitive Psychology." CC BY-SA
http://cognitivepsychology.wikidot.com/cognition:topdown
• Wikidot. "Introduction to perception - Cognitive Psychology." CC BY-SA
http://cognitivepsychology.wikidot.com/cognition:perception
• Wikipedia. "The Cocktail Party Effect." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The%20Cocktail%20Party%20Effect
• Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//psychology/definition/perceptual-expectancy
• Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//psychology/definition/selection
• Wikipedia. "Cocktail party effect." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocktail_party_effect
• Wikipedia. "Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perception
• Wikipedia. "Set (psychology)." CC BY-SA 3.0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Set_(psychology)
• Wikipedia. "Heuristic." CC BY-SA 3.0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heuristic
• Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//psychology/definition/perceptual-schema
• Wikipedia. "Gestalt Laws of Grouping." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestalt%20Laws%20of%20Grouping
• Wikipedia. "organization." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/organization

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

• Wikipedia. "Stereotype." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stereotype


• Wikipedia. "Fusiform face area." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fusiform_face_area
• Wikipedia. "Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perception
• Wikipedia. "Self-concept." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-concept
• Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//psychology/definition/interpretation
• Wikipedia. "Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perception
• Wikipedia. "Self-concept." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-concept
• Wikipedia. "Perceptual constancy." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perceptual%20constancy
• Wikispaces. "kenowapsychology - Perceptual Consistancies." CC BY
http://kenowapsychology.wikispaces.com/Perceptual+Consistancies
• Wikipedia. "Subjective constancy." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subjective_constancy
• Wikipedia. "Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perception
• Wikipedia. "Depth perception." CC BY-SA 3.0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depth_perception
• Wiktionary. "binocular." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/binocular
• Wiktionary. "monocular." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/monocular
• Wiktionary. "stereopsis." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/stereopsis
• Wiktionary. "convergence." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/convergence
• Wikibooks. "Consciousness Studies/The Neurophysiology Of Sensation And Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Consciousness_Studies/The_Neurophysiology_Of_Sensation_And_Perception
• OpenStax CNX. "OpenStax College, Central Processing. October 22, 2013." CC BY 3.0 http://cnx.org/content/m46557/latest/
• OpenStax CNX. "Robert Bear and David Rintoul, Sensory Systems. October 22, 2013." CC BY 3.0
http://cnx.org/content/m47520/latest/

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
Sensation and Perception

• Wikipedia. "motion perception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/motion%20perception


• Wikipedia. "luminance." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/luminance
• Wikipedia. "stroboscopic." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/stroboscopic
• Wikia. "Motion perception - Psychology Wiki." CC BY-SA http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Motion_perception
• Wikibooks. "Sensory Systems/Visual Signal Processing." CC BY-SA 3.0
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Sensory_Systems/Visual_Signal_Processing
• OpenStax CNX. "Robert Bear and David Rintoul, Sensory Systems. October 22, 2013." CC BY 3.0
http://cnx.org/content/m47520/latest/
• Wiktionary. "priming." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/priming
• Wikipedia. "stimuli." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/stimuli
• Wikipedia. "Perception." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perception
• Wikia. "Priming - Psychology Wiki." CC BY-SA http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Priming
• Wikia. "Subliminal stimulation - Psychology Wiki." CC BY-SA http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Subliminal_stimulation
• OpenStax CNX. "Mark Pettinelli, Unconscious and Conscious Processes. October 22, 2013." CC BY 3.0
http://cnx.org/content/m43627/latest/

Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com