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Internet of Things (IoT) & its Applications 1 FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
Internet of Things (IoT)
& its Applications
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FOR STUDENTS
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Agenda  What is IoT  Sensors  IoT applications in different domains  IoT market
Agenda
What is IoT
Sensors
IoT applications in different domains
IoT market and revenue
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FOR STUDENTS
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With Amazon testing its Drone Delivery Program, to the launch of Google Glass Google Glass Android
With Amazon testing its Drone Delivery
Program, to the launch of Google Glass
Google Glass
Android
mirror
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Today’s world IoT toothbrush 4 FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
Today’s world
IoT toothbrush
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IoT products include …

  • smart socks (to measure running form)

  • connected water bottles (to gather water-consumption data.)

  • Internet-connected e-cigarette

  • First electric-toothbrush by P&G-Oral in 1963 now “World's First Available Interactive Electric Toothbrush”

  • sonic toothbrush by Kolibree, includes nine motion sensors and an algorithm designed by five mathematicians to identify which quadrant of the mouth a user is brushing. Reinvent brushing

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IoT products include …  The Mimo baby monitor is a body suit that monitors a
IoT products include …
The Mimo baby monitor is a body suit that
monitors a baby's body temperature, motion, and
breathing patterns
Sleep monitors
Leaf sensors- by NASA
e-textile, BlendFix sensor electrode technology
or simply sensor-equipped shirt that monitors a
patient's vital signs and movement,
Reebok
headgear
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IoT - Definition “ The Internet of Things is the network of physical objects that contain
IoT - Definition
“ The Internet of Things is the network of physical objects
that contain embedded technology to communicate and
sense or interact with their internal states or the
external environment.” - Gartner
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Source: visualcapitalist.com 8 FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
Source: visualcapitalist.com
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How is IoT works Sensors Cloud based ERP of Things, Device Mgmt Node platform 11 FOR
How is IoT works
Sensors
Cloud based
ERP of
Things,
Device Mgmt
Node
platform
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FOR STUDENTS
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Smart systems and IoT are driven by combination of three things Sensors & Actuators Connectivity People
Smart systems and IoT are driven by
combination of three things
Sensors & Actuators
Connectivity
People & Processes
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FOR STUDENTS
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Sensors & Actuators  We are giving our world digital nervous system. Location data using GPS
Sensors & Actuators
We are giving our world digital nervous system. Location data using GPS
sensors. Eyes and ears using cameras and microphones, along with sensory
organs that can measure everything from temperature to pressure changes.
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Sensors & Actuators

Sensors for collecting the information:

  • Humidity sensor

  • Level/tilt sensor

  • Pressure sensor

  • Temperature sensor

  • Motion Sensors

  • Proximity Sensors

  • Optical Sensors

  • Acceleration sensors

  • Load sensors

  • Vibration sensors

  • Chemical sensors

  • Flow sensors

FOR STUDENTS

Actuators:

Light emitting Diodes [LED]

Relays

Motors

Linear actuators

Lasers

Solenoids

Speakers

LCD or Plasma displays

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Connectivity 15 Image Source: Postscapes FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
Connectivity
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Image Source: Postscapes
FOR STUDENTS
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Connectivity The embedded systems can use a range of connectivity to connect with other devices or
Connectivity
The embedded systems can use a range of
connectivity to connect with other devices or the
internet.
Some examples are as below:
WiFi
Ethernet
Bluetooth
LTE
RFID
3G
ZIGBEE
GSM
NFC
CDMA
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.
.

People and Process

The information transmitted via the chose connectivity can be

used by people and processes to take action or re-transmit

the info to a different embedded system to be used to perform an action using actuators, below are some examples:

  • A gas leak/ smoke is detected by a chemical sensor and the info is transmitted to a monitoring center. Help is dispatched immediately and the affected are informed

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People and Process

  • A home security system detects intrusion, a call is placed to the authorities and owners alerted. Help dispatched

  • Load sensor can initiate a communication to the supplier to send more stock enabling the supply chain management automation

  • Car can send the diagnostics to the service center and the service center schedules a repair.

  • Your IoT thermostat sends the information to the cloud which can then be analysed by to manage your energy expenditure.

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Interaction between these entities are creating new types of smart applications and services Sensors Processes Connectivity
Interaction between these entities are creating
new types of smart applications and services
Sensors
Processes
Connectivity
People
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 Things get interesting when these connected devices and services start creating COMPOUND APPLICATIONS with in
Things get interesting when these connected devices
and services start creating COMPOUND
APPLICATIONS with in their own verticals and
across industries.
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Compound Applications Example 23 FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
Compound Applications Example
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Compound Applications Example 24 FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
Compound Applications Example
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Connect with things  Connect with things  Search for things  Manage Things (manage facilities)
Connect with things
Connect with things
Search for things
Manage Things
(manage facilities)
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How large is IoT market – connected devices 27 FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
How large is IoT market – connected devices
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Home automation  Home & family  Door & locks  Light & Switches  Damage
Home automation
Home & family
Door & locks
Light & Switches
Damage & Danger
Motions & cameras
comfort
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Smart Agriculture 29 FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
Smart Agriculture
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Smart Agriculture 30 FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
Smart Agriculture
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TAAS – Things as a Service Things when you need it, as long as you need
TAAS – Things as a Service
Things when you need it, as long as you need it
Cost when you use it, as long as you use it
Maintenance is always ours
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Draft IoT policy DeitY, Govt. of India

  • To create an IoT industry in India of USD 15 billion by 2020. It has been assumed that India would have a share of 5-6% of global IoT industry.

  • To undertake capacity development (Human & Technology) for IoT specific skill-sets for domestic and international markets.

  • To undertake Research & development for all the assisting technologies.

  • To develop IoT products specific to Indian needs in all possible domains.

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Smart cities

  • Rs. 7,060 crores kept for 100 smart cities to undertake • Smart parking. • Intelligent transport system. • Tele-care. • Woman Safety • Smart grids. • Smart urban lighting. • Waste management. • Smart city maintenance. • Digital-signage. • Water Management

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Pillars of IoT  http://deity.gov.in/content/internet-things 34 FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
Pillars of IoT
http://deity.gov.in/content/internet-things
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For IoT to take-off, we need to change our perspective. 35 FOR STUDENTS 5/19/2018
For IoT to
take-off, we
need to
change our
perspective.
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