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Tools

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Introduction

• Telecom tool is an Instrument which is used to assemble/di-


assemble and install/uninstall telecom equipments and
accessories.
• According to nature of work they are different in design.
List of Tools

• Spanner
• Screw Driver
• Cutter
• Hammer
• Plier
• Crimping Tool
• Punching Tool
• Wrapping/Unwrapping Tool
• RJ-45 Connector Tool
• Sprite Level

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List of Tools

• Mirror Compass
• Tilt Meter
• Allen Key(Hex Key) Set
• Flat File
• Hex Blade
• Soldering Iron with Flux and Solder soft
• Knife
• Drill Machine with chuck and bits
• Hot Air Gun
• Centre Punch

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Spanner

• A Spanner is used to drive nut and bolt. It is made up of iron with chromium.
According to requirements spanners are designed in different shapes and
sizes.
.

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D-Type Spanner

• Because of its shape at both ends it is called ‘D’ type spanner and It is also
called an Open ended spanner.

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D-Type Spanner in Different Sizes

• Different sizes are- 6-7, 8-9, 10-11, 12-13, 14-15, 16-17, 18-19,
20-22, 21-23, 24-27, 30-32, 32-36, 36-44.

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Uses of spanner

• D-Type Spanner 6-7 size

• It is used to connect wave guide cable with feed horn and radio.
• It is used to connect grounding cable with grounding bar in PIU and
POWER PLANT.
• It is used to connect power cable with bus bar .
• We have to use 6 number spanner

• D-Type Spanner 8-9 size

• It is used to assemble BTS.


• It is used to connect internal cabling of BTS.
• It is used to tight metallic tie on rubber boots of the ROXTEC.
• We have to use 8 number spanner.

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D-Type Spanner 10-11 size

• It is used to assemble microwave dish antenna.


• It is used to fit Radom on MW dish antenna.
• It is used to connect grounding cables with grounding bar.
• It is used to connect power cable with bus bar.
• It is Used to assemble battery bank in case of AMARARAJA
and GNV manufactured.
• It is Used to connect power cable from Battery Bank to Power Plant.
• It is used to connect positive power cable from battery bank with bus bar of
power plant.
• It is Used to connect positive power cable with bus bar of power plant(for
DCDB) .
• It is used to install DCDB grounding bar microwave IDU,DDF MUX and SDH
equipments (inside transmission rack).
• It is used to connect grounding cable with cable tray.
• Used to assemble DDF rack.
• It is Used to assemble transmission rack.
• It is used to install ROXTEC.
• It is used to connect grounding cable with BTS
• It is used to connect grounding cable with surge arrester (for IF cable)
• We have to use 10 number spanner
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D-Type Spanner 12-13 size

• It is used to assemble and align MW antenna ( nokia microwave).


• It is used to connect grounding cables of Nokia Radio
• It is used to attach radio with microwave antenna (nokia microwave).
• It is used to assemble RF/IF clamps.
• It is used to install C-clamps.
• It is used to connect grounding cable with bus bar(optional)
• Used to connect grounding cable with C-clamp.
• It is used to assemble and install panel antennas.
• It is used to connect power cable with bus bar of power plant for BTS
and DCDB (HBL batteries).
• It is Used to assemble Battery bank in case of HBL manufacturer.
• It is Used to connect +ve cable on BTS and DCDB of Power plant.
• It is Used to connect grounding cable of surge arrestor.
• We have to use 13 number spanner.

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D-Type Spanner 14-15 size

• Use to assemble and install GSM antenna (Andrew).


• Used to connect assemble, install and align MW antenna up to 0.6 M size
in case of COMBA and some of the CERAGON MW.
• Used to connect grounding cable of Indoor cable tray (Optional).
• We have to use 14 number of spanner

D-Type Spanner 16-17 size

• It Used to connect assemble, install and align MW antenna (for Ericson) .


• It is used to attach Radio with MW antennas.
• It is used to connect power cable with BTS.
• It used to connect grounding cable with BTS.
• It is used to connect grounding cable with MW antennas Radio.
• It is used to install and assemble transmission rack.
• It is used to groute BTS, transmission rack ,DDF rack, FMS.
• It is used to assemble IF connector.
• It is used to assemble jumper connecter.
• It used to connect IF connecter with MW.
• It is used to assemble stacks of battery bank.

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D-Type Spanner 18-19 ,20-22,21-23 size

• It is used to assemble and install pole mount.


• It is used to assemble and install microwave antennas (above 1.2m and
above in size.
• It is used to assemble jumper connector and IF connector.

D-Type Spanner 24-27 size

• Used to assemble and install pole mount.


• It is used to assemble and install MW antennas size above 2.4m and
above.
• It is used to assemble jumper cable.

D-Type Spanner 30-32 ,32-36,36-44 size

• It is used to assemble 5/4’’ feeder connecter.

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D-Type Spanner 30-32 size

• Used to connect jumper connector with panel antenna.


• It is used to connect jumper cable with feeder cable .
• It is used to connect surge arrester with feeder cable.
• It is used to connect indoor jumper with BTS and surge arrester.
• We have to use 32 number spanner.

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Ring Spanner

• Because of ring shape at both end it is called Ring spanner.


• Advantage of this spanner is, it gives more surface contact on nut and bolt.
• Provides 360 degree grip.
• Chances of slip nil almost.
• More shaft length, so less force required.
• We can use this where we are using D type spanner.

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Different Sizes of ring spanner

• Commonly used sizes are 10-11, 12-13, 16-17.

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Adjustable Spanner

• According to requirement it’s grip size can be adjusted.


• Can be used in place of 16-17, 18-19, 20-22, 21-23, 30-32, 32-36 size
D type spanner
• It has two classifications:
• Heavy duty adjustable spanner (300 mm ,0-32 number).
• Small duty adjustable spanner (150 mm ,0-16 number).

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Adjustable spanner

• Heavy duty : It has many sizes w.r.t grip. Like 20, 26, 32 and 36.
• Shaft length- 300mm
• Grip size- 0-36 mm

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Adjustable spanner

• Small duty :
• Shaft length- 200mm
• Grip size- 0-20 mm

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Ratchet Set

• A ratchet is a mechanical device that allows continuous linear or


rotary motion in only one direction.
• Ratchets are widely used in machinery and tools.

Adaptor
Handle

Adaptor Sockets(Bits)

Front view
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Ratchet set

• A switch is built into the ratchet head that allows the user to apply
the ratcheting action in either direction, as needed, to tighten or
loosen a fastener.
• Socket is locked with Adaptor by small ball available on adaptor.
• To insert a bit, press and hold locking/unlocking button and insert
socket (bit).

Push button Switch

Rear View

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Ratchet Set

• According to the requirement, different sockets and adaptors are available


with a Ratchet set tool kit.
• It is used to assemble, install and groute BTS battery bank stacks and
transmission rack and other racks and power installation.

Ratchet set tool kit

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Torque Wrench

• A torque wrench is a tool used to precisely apply a specific torque


to a fastener such as a nut or bolt.
• It is usually in the form of a socket wrench with special internal
mechanisms.
• It was designed to prevent over tightening bolts on Eqpts.

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Torque Wrench
• Similar to Ratchet set, it has reversible lever to change the
direction of rotation.
• A torque wrench is used where the tightness of screws and bolts
is crucial.
• This is a important tool in nokia tool box.

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Flat Head Screw Driver

• Head of screw driver is flat.

• It has classified in two types


• Flat head heavy duty screw driver length of the shaft is 300mm
• Flat head small duty screw driver length of shaft is 150mm.

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Cross Head Screw Driver

• Head of the screw driver is cross.


• Provides more contact area. So less force required.
• Less chances of slip.

• It has classified in two types


• Cross head heavy duty screw driver length of the shaft is 300mm
• Cross head small duty screw driver length of shaft is 150mm.

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Screw Driver Set (5 Bits)

• Screw Driver Set has 5 bits.


• It has two flat head, two cross head, and one poker.
• There is one more extension to extend the length of the shaft.
• There is one handle
• It is used for small duty work.

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Uses of Screw Driver Set

• It is Used to attach Radom with MW dish antenna (flat head or cross head heavy duty
screw driver).
• Used to remove weather proofing.
• To insert rubber boots ( ROXTEC ) (flat head or cross head heavy duty screw driver).
• Used to tight metallic tie on rubber boots in ROXTEC (flat head or cross head heavy
duty screw driver).
• Used to install DDF frame on shelter wall (flat head heavy duty or small duty screw
driver).
• To leave a small hole for DDF frame installation (by using poker).
• To remove DDF block from DDF frame (smaller flat head bit).
• To assemble alarm connecter and login connector (flat head or cross head small bit).
• To connect negative power cable from BTS with MCV of power plant (flat head or cross
head heavy duty).
• To connect power to DDF frame with MCV (flat head or cross head heavy duty).
• To install DDF ,DCDB ,GROUNDING BAR,MW IDU, and MUX inside the transmission
rack (flat head or cross head heavy duty).
• To connect negative power cable from power plant with MCV (DCDB)(flat head small
duty).

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• To connect positive power cable from power plant with BUSBAR (DCDB) flat head smaller
bit).
• To connect power supply cable with DCDB (flat head small duty and smaller bit )(for mw
IDU
• To connect grounding cable with IDU(cross head smaller duty bit).
• To connect alarm connecter with BTS (flat head smaller bit).
• To connect E1 connecter with MW IDU or MUX (flat head smaller bit).
• To assemble BTS( screw driver set).
• To assemble cards (BTS) (T10, T15 and T25).
• To connect waveguide cable with radio and feed horn (T10).
• To assemble IDU (T10 and T15).

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Magnetic Screw Driver Set

• Adaptor has magnetic property to hold the bit firmly.


• According to the requirement multiple bits are available

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Torque/T-Screw Driver Set

• Torque/T-Screw Driver provides max grip on the screw.

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Torque/T-Screw Driver Set

• According to requirement multiple bits are available.

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Cutters

• Usually cutters are used to cut cables and wires.


• According to requirements they are designed in different shapes
and sizes.

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Classification of Cutters

• Co-axial Cable Cutter


• Power Cable Cutter
• Tie Cutter
• RF Cable Cutter

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Co-axial cable cutter

• As its name suggests, this cutter is designed to cut Co-axial cables.

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Uses of Co-axial cable cutter

• Used to cut co-axial cable.


• Suitable to cut PCM cable also.
• Not suitable to cut any size of power cable.

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Power Cable Cutter

• Power cable cutter is called heavy duty cable cutter.


• It is designed to cut power cable of copper and aluminum.
• To cut different size of cables (mm), different size of cutter is
used.

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Uses of Power Cable Cutter

• Used to cut only Cu and Au cable (power cable and grounding


cable).
• It is not used to cut iron wire.
• It Can cut cables upto size of 70 Sq mm.
• It is Not suitable for steel and iron wires.

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Tie Cutter

• It is specially designed to cut cable ties.

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Uses of Tie Cutter

• Used to cut cable tie.

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RF Cable Cutter

• RF cable is specially designed cable used at BTS/Node-B site.


• To cut these cables a special tool is designed called RF cable cutter.
• Since RF cable is classified into two categories Copper and
Aluminum so different cutters are used for each.

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Uses of RF Cable Cutter

• It is used to cut RF cable.


• It is preferred that cutter should be of same vendor as of RF cable.

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Pliers

• This tool is designed to hold an object, cut steel and iron wire.
• It is made up of chrome vanadium steel.

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Classification of Pliers

• Combination Plier
• Long Nose Plier

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Uses of Pliers

• Combination Plier
• It is used to hold an object.
• Used to cut some steel and iron wires.
• Long Nose Plier
• It is also used to hold an object like male pin of IF cable.
• Use to hold PCM wires while making alarm connectors.

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Knife

• It is made by chromium
• It is adjustable
• Its blades are removable.

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• Uses of Knife

• It is used to remove the insulation of power cable, grounding


cable and signal cable.
• It is used to remove the weather proofing

Figure of knife while removing insulation

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Hex Saw

• Types of Hex Saw

• It has classified in two types


• Small duty hex saw 150mm in size
• Heavy duty hex saw 300mm in size

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• Uses of Hex Saw

• It is used to cut the armored cable of power plant.


• It is used to cut the feeder cable.

Figure of hex saw while cutting armored cable

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Sprite level

• A sprite level, bubble level or simply a level is an instrument to


measure designed to indicate whether a surface is horizontal or
vertical or inclined.

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• Uses of sprite level

• It is used to verify the level (horizontal as well as vertical) of BTS,


transmission rack, DDF frame ,battery bank, power plant, indoor
cable tray, and PVC channels and ROXTEC.

Figure of sprite level while using

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Allen Key

• Allen key is a tool used to drive bolts and screws with hexagonal
sockets in their heads.
• There are different sizes are available
• Bit size = 1mm to 10mm

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• Uses of Allen key

• It is used to attach radio with Microwave Antennas (Ericson).


• It is used to adjust the level of BTS.
• It is used to attach BTS body with grouting plate or mounted plate

Figure of sprite level while using

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Puching Tool

• Punching tool is also known as Krone tool is a small hand tool


used by telecommunications and network technicians.
• There are two types
• DDF punching tool
• MDF punching tool

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• Uses of Allen key

• It is used to punch alarm wire and twisted pair or parallel pair ,PCM
wire with DDF.

Figure of punching tool while using

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Puching Tool

• It is used to wrap E1 wires only.

Figure of wrapping tool while using


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Hammer

• In telecom sector we are using two types of hammers


1.Ball peen hammer
2.Mallet hammer (nylon and wooden)

ball peen hammer mallet hammer

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• Uses hammers

• Ball peen hammer


• it is used to unpack the equipments (BTS).
• It is used to insert the fastener at a time of grouting
• It is used to strike on poker for DDF frame and ROXTEC.
• It is used to strike on poker at the time of fixing of PVC channel
and cable rail.
• Mallet hammer (we use nylon mallet hammer)
• it is used to adjust the BTS or slightly shift the BTS while grouting.

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Soldering iron

• Soldering iron is a hand tool used in soldering. It supplies heat to


melt solder so that it can flow into the joint between two work
pieces.
• For soldering we need to have all these three components
• Soldering iron
• Solder
• Flux
• Without these soldering is not possible.

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• Uses soldering iron

• It is used for connecterization of login connecters,E1 connecters


and alarm connecters.
• It is used to RF connecterization(this is used in inner pin of RF
connecters.

Figure of soldering iron while using

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Crimping Tool

• A crimping tool is a device used to conjoin two pieces of metal by


deforming one or both of them in a that causes them to hold each
other

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• Uses of crimping tool

• It is used to crimp the lugs or thimble.

Figure of crimping tool while using

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RJ-45 connecter Tool

• Uses of crimping tool

• It is used to cut the cable, trim and crimp the cable.

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Tilt Meter

• Uses of crimping tool

• It is used to measure the inclination of panel antenna in terms of


degree.

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Mirror Compass

• The mirror allows you to view the compass dial and the
background at the same time. notice the vertical line in the centre
of the mirror. This vertical line can be extended into the horizon to
more accurately target your desired bearing. and the fact that the
compass dial can see at the same time the target is aligned,
makes mirror compasses for taking accurate bearings.

• Uses of mirror compass


• It is used to adjust the panel antenna or Microwave antennas on azimuth
angle .
• It is used to find the direction
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Flat file

• It has classified in two types


• Small duty flat file (150mm in size).
• Heavy duty flat file (300mm in size).
• In telecom sector we need to use small duty flat file

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• Uses of Flat file
• it is used to remove the paint from tower body for the grounding.
• It is used to remove the paint of transmission rack for grounding.
• It is used to remove the paint of Battery Bank and Power Plant for grounding
• It is used to make the inner core of jumper cable and cable pointed while
connecterization.

Figure of flat file while using

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Drill Machine

• A drill is a tool fitted with a cutting tool attachment or driving tool


attachment, usually a drill bit or driver bit used boring holes in different
materials or fastening various materials together. the attachment is gripped
by a chuck at one end of the drill and rotated while pressed against the
target material.
• In telecom sector we need to use two types of dill bit
• Normal mode
• It is used for normal or wooden surface(m13 bit size).
• Heavy mode
• It is used fore concrete surface(m16 bit size).

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Centre Punch

• Uses of centre punch


• A centre punch is used to mark the centre of a point.
• It is usually used to mark the centre of a hole where we are going to drill the
hole

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