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Seminar

On
Solar Powered Mobile
Charger

Compiled by: - MIZGAN MASANI


Guided by: - Professor P. MANOHAR USN: - 1RN14EI027
Asst. Professor, Electronics and Department: - Electronics and
Instrumentation Branch, RNSIT, Bangalore Instrumentation
Topic taken from the IEEE Xplore with title: “Solar Powered Mobile
Phone – An Innovative Experiment.”

By - Dr. Siva Ganesh Malla, D. Jaya Deepu, D. Pavan Kumar


and Jagan Mohanna Rao Malla

Date of Conference – 3-5 October 2016


Conference Location – Paralakhemundi(Odisha), India.
Solar Power Related Comments/Facts: -

Source: Google Images


Contents: -

1. Introduction
2. Objectives
3. Methods and Procedures
4. Working
5. Results and Discussion
6. Specifications
7. Literature Survey
8. Conclusion
Objectives: -
1. To study the basic operations of a solar mobile
charger.

2. To know the advantages and limitations of its use.

3. To know the future scope of the solar mobile


charger.

4. Maximizing the use of it in day to day life.


Introduction: -

1. The sun is made up of hydrogen and helium and it emits


enormous amount of heat. (3.86 x 1026 watts of energy at any
moment of time, 1.7x𝟏𝟎𝟏𝟕 watts of energy received at Earth as
some energy is galloped by space).
2. A solar cell which forms a primary part of the solar mobile
charger works on the principle of photoelectric/voltaic effect.
3. It is made up of packets of energy called “Photons.”
4. When a photon is absorbed, the energy of the photon is
transferred to the electron.
5. Given the current energy crisis, the need of a more sustainable
energy is required which is provided by solar energy.
Methods and Procedures: -
The hardware components needed for making a
solar mobile charger are: -
1. Solar Panel (Solar Cell)
2. Voltage Regulator
3. Switch
4. Resistors
5. Output Jack
Working Principle: -

This is the diagrammatic


working of a Solar panel.
This forms the basic
principle of a Solar mobile
charger.
Working(contd.)
1. Photons attacking the solar cells are absorbed by any
semiconducting material, such as silicon.
2. The energy of the absorbed photon is transferred to
the electron.
3. This energy knocks off the electrons from the atoms.
4. It flows unidirectional through the material which
provides electrical energy.
5. An array of solar cells convert solar energy into
usable Electrical energy.
Circuit: -
Circuit Working: -
1. The electrons thus convert solar energy to
electrical energy.
2. The output from the solar panel is now sent to a
voltage regulator IC7805.
3. The voltage regulator ensures that the final
output voltage does not exceed 5V.
4. Thus a constant voltage is supplied and the
mobile gets charged.
Calculation: -
1. A Solar Panel produces energy of around 250-300
Watt/Hour.
2. A Mobile Needs around 1500-2000 mAh energy to get
fully charged.
3. We know that, 1 kW = 1000 mAh
4. This means around 1.5-2 kW of energy needs to be
produced.
5. So, a solar panel will take around 4-4.5 hours to fully
charge a mobile.
6. The mobile charger we use takes up to 2-2.5 hours to
fully charge the mobile.
Tab and Mobile getting charged simultaneously using the solar
panel.
Literature Survey
1. In late 2006, the DRFN commenced with investigating the
feasibility of solar cell phone charging shops as an approach
towards establishing energy shops in Namibia as specified in
Namibia’s off grid energization master plan, 2006.
2. Two shops located in Windhoek's informal settlement, Havana,
has been closely monitored and mentored.
3. The system is capable of charging about 20 cell phones per
day and provides daily electricity for 3 hours for each light
(replacing the need for candle, paraffin or gas). The system is
versatile and can accommodate any type of cell phone DC
charger (car chargers). (Source: http://ohm.nuigalway.ie/0708/cconaghan/Thesis1.pdf)
1. The electricity that's produced around the world is often
much less benign from an environmental standpoint.
For example, in 2008, nearly half of the electricity
generated in the United States came from the burning of
coal [source: EIA].
2. While coal is a cheap and easy way to generate
electricity, it's also a major source of pollutants. The
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that
coal-fire power plants generate 59 percent of the
sulfur dioxide in the air within the U.S., as well as 50
percent of the particulate pollutants.
3. What's more, coal-fired power plants also contribute
heavily to mercury pollution [source: EPA].
4. Producing it through the photoelectric effect (Solar
Energy use) is a benign way of generating electricity.
Advantages: -
1. It can be used in various applications and has a lot of
features.
2. Relatively small size and can be used
anywhere(portability).
3. Requires no electrical start-up power.
4. Higher efficiency than photovoltaic systems of the same
size.
5. Low maintenance, emission free and environment
friendly.
Disadvantages or Drawbacks: -

1. But one of the major factors that needs to be


discussed is about the cost.
2. Solar charger is again like all other solar energy
gadgets.
3. It is not cost effective and way more expensive.
4. The charging rate of a solar charger can be much
slower than that of a normal charger.
5. These are the few points that are to be discussed so
that solar charger can be used without any
disadvantages.
Specifications: -
1. Uses high-efficiency monocrystalline silicon
2. Solar panel: 5.5V/1000mA
3. Output voltage: 5.5V
4. Output current: 300-550mA
Conclusion: -
1. The energy must thus be conserved and used efficiently.
2. In solar mobile charger ripples are not produced as a
direct DC power is supplied.
3. Battery life is high and also its adaptability.
4. So, Solar mobile charger is highly applicable in today’s
world.
5. This is due to the continual depletion of resources.
6. Solar energy is renewable and can be used for the
simplest of purpose i.e. solar mobile charger.
Thanks