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Butterfly valve

A butterfly valve is a valve that isolates or regulates the flow of a


fluid.
 It is a quarter-turn and rotary motion type of valve.
A metal disc in the body of the valve is positioned perpendicular or
parallel to the flow in the closed position, Rotation of the disc by 90
degrees can completely open or close the butterfly valve
Construction of Butterfly Valve
Following are the main parts
of butterfly valve:
 Body
 Seat
 Disk
 Stem
Symbol for Butterfly valve(For PnIDs)
Operation
Butterfly valves can be configured to operate manually, electronically or
pneumatically.
Manual operation is carried out with the help of a wheel.
Electronic valves require a signal to the gearbox to open or close.
Pneumatic valves operate most rapidly and can either be single or double actuated
Single-actuated valve is typically set up to require a signal to open with a failsafe,
meaning that when power is lost the valve springs back to a fully closed position.
Double-actuated pneumatic valves are not spring loaded and require a signal both to
open and to close.
Automated pneumatic butterfly valves are both reliable and durable.
Types of butterfly valve
There are three basic types: Damper Valve
Damper valve
A butterfly damper valve essentially is a butterfly valve with out a
seat. The disk in the valve will not touch the within wall structure of
the valve.
Resilient
A resilient sitting butterfly valve carries a rubber seat between your
outer size of the disk and the interior wall structure of the valve.

Resilient Valve
High-performance
Valve runs on the rigid PTFE, or metallic couch, that is
narrower than the valve body. This couch is mechanically
maintained inside the valve body.
Advantages
The compact design requires considerably less space, compared to gate, globe, or other
valves.

Low weight and cheap

 Quick acting; as a quarter-turn valve, it requires less time to open or close.


It is available in large sizes, ranging from NPS 1¹⁄₂ (DN 40) to over NPS 200 (DN 5000).

Valve requires less structural support than a ball valve of comparable diameter.

They have low-pressure drop and high-pressure recovery.


They are quite reliable and require very little maintenance.
Disadvantages
One disadvantage of butterfly valves is that some portion of the disc is always presented to the
flow, even when fully opened.
The use of a butterfly valve therefore always results in a pressure switch across the valve,
regardless of the setting.
The use of these valves for control applications is limited to the valve opening range between 30
degrees to 70 degrees.
Throttling using butterfly valves is limited to low pressure drop applications. Potential cavitation
is a concern when butterfly valves are used. Also possibility of a choked flow is a concern.
Application

Cooling water, air, gases, and other similar applications, such as fire protection, circulating
water, etc.

Large flow control, low pressure application where leakage is unimportant

Corrosive services requiring lined valves


Food processing, chemical, and pharmaceutical services

Slurry and similar services

High-pressure and high-temperature water and steam services


Throttling service involving low differential pressures, as in cooling water or air supply systems