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INSTITUTO TECNOLOGICO DE CERRO AZUL

ING. PETROLERA
SIMULACION NUMERICA DE YACIMIENTOS
BENEFICIOS ECONOMICOS DE LA SIMULACION
NUMERICA
PRESENTAN:

• DE LA CRUZ CRUZ MARCO URIEL


• MAR VARGAS MARCOS
• MARTINEZ RAMIREZ ABRIL
SIMULACIÓN NUMÉRICA DE YACIMIENTOS

history

What is the numerical simulation of reservoirs?

The simulation processes were What does a numerical simulation of


limited to natural depletion and reservoirs do?
pressure maintenance; However,
during the seventies, the outlook The simulation of reservoirs is
changed markedly, as the rapid The simulation and the
the process that allows inferring
increase in oil prices and certain corresponding computer programs the real behavior from the
governmental tendencies towards are tools that help save time and behavior of a model which can
the release of regulations and money in the predictions of
financial support of pilot projects reservoir behavior. be physical, conceptual or
led to the proliferation of numerical and consists in
improved recovery processes. describing the deposit, making
the historical comparison and
predicting the future
performance of the deposit
under a variety of scenarios.
The objective of the SNY is the exploitation design engineer provide a
reliable tool for predicting the behavior of deposits of hydrocarbons,
under different operating conditions.
A SIMULATION STUDY COMPRISES THE FOLLOWING STEPS:
1. Identification of the problem
2. Formulation of the problem
3. Compilation of information
4. Formulation and development of the model
5. Validation of the model
6. Documentation of the model for future use
7. Design of experiments
8. Run experiments
9. Interpret results
10.Recommendations.
How does digital
reservoir simulation
work?

During the description, the deposit is divided


into small cells or blocks that take into
account the heterogeneities of the deposit
and direction of the flow of fluids, as well as
the locations of the producing wells and
injectors and their operating conditions
Properties of
the reservoir
and fluid
indispensable
in the
numerical
simulation.

variation of
permeability and the properties of fluids
porosity, and such as pressure,
irregular geometry. temperature and
composition, among
others.
• Accuracy in the determination of
Recoverable Reserves.
• Precision in the prediction of the
production profiles of the reservoir
wells.

Estimation of financial risk, through economic • Need to determine the optimal number of
analysis. wells per reservoir and its best distribution
• Determine the optimal exploitation scenarios (evaluation of arrangements).
(optimistic and pessimistic).

Reasons to Use
Numerical
Reservoir
Simulation. Early evaluation of the possible effects
of pipelines and
Confirm the understanding of the flow of fluids conifications and investigate how to
in the porous medium in addition to evaluating minimize them. Evaluation of
barriers.
break times in the case of gas and / or
water injection.

• Estimate the production and surface


storage capacities.
• Determination of optimal injection
rates and the best time to inject.
Types of Reservoir
Numerical Simulators
Black Oil Compositional
Simulators Simulators.

Thermal Chemical
Simulators Simulators
Zero
Dimensional
Model (0-D).

Geometric
Three- representation One-
dimensional of the deposit dimensional
models (3-D). or simulation models (1-D).
mesh types.

Two
dimensional
models (2-D)
The number of
dimensions and
blocks depends on:

The levels of detail The forces of the The resources


and precision reservoir that will be available to carry
desired in the approximated by the out the study (time,
behavior of the model strength, men,
reservoir, equipment)
The most important • initialization
stages in the • historical comparison
numerical simulation • prediction.
of deposits are:
Production Distribution Many
fields that contain their
vertically grouped deposits
present, in general, problems
of distribution of production,
since the wells are completed
in some of them.

Schemes of production and Planning of


estimation of reserves. This Application Development
is one of the most scenarios. It includes
important tasks of the of the the steps that must be
reservoir engineer since
these figures are required Numerical executed to obtain
reservoir reserves. As
for economic analyzes,
field evaluations, and also Simulation planning progresses,
more complicated
to comply with legal and
regulatory provisions.
of Reservoirs models are used or
constructed.

Reservoir tracking Simulation models are


recognized as the most important tools for the
evaluation of exploitation schemes. This area
includes drilling, production and injection
strategies, justification for repairs, stimulation,
horizontal drilling and additional recovery.