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• -was born on February 23, 1685 in Halle Germany
• -the second son from the second marriage of
a pastor. Georg and Dorothea Handel of Halle,
Saxony, Germany. From an early age, Handel
longed to study music, but his father
objected, doubting that music would be a
realistic source of income. In fact, his father
would not even permit him to own a musical
instrument. His mother, however, was
supportive, and she encouraged him to
develop his musical talent. With her
cooperation, Handel took to practicing on the
- George secretly taught himself to
play the Harpsichord.
• -At age 7, he gained access to a church
organ and started to play. A duke heard
him play and insisted on giving him formal
music formal education.
• -At the age of 12, Handel became an
assistant organist at the Cathedral
of Halle, were the principal organist
was his teacher, and it was Friedrich
Wilhelm Zachow. He studied
Counterpoint , Canon and Fugue.
• In 1703, when Handel was 18 years old, he
decided to commit himself completely to
music, accepting a violinist’s position at
the Hamburg Opera’s Goose Market
Theater. There he played violin in the
opera orchestra, directed by the eminent
composer Reinhard Keiser.
• Handel composed 2 operas for the
Hamburg Theater , THE Almira (1705) and
Nero (1705).
• - In 1706, Handel went to Italy , where he remained
until 1710. His Italian travels took him to Florence ,
Venice , Rome and Naples.
 II Trionfo del Tempo e del Disingan no (1707) or
[The Triumph of Time and Truth] and La
Resurrezione (1708) and the opera Agrippina
• In 1710, Handel returned to Germany
and became musical director to the
elector Hanover.
• In England, Handel continued to
compose in the Italian style , but he
also absorbed the characteristics of
English music , especially English
Choral music.
• At the beginning of 1751 he began work
on Jephtha, another oratorio, but was
forced to stop when he found that his
eyesight was deteriorating. He managed
to complete Jephtha over the next year,
and it was given early in 1752 as part of
Handel’s Lent concert series.

• In 1753, Handel lost both of his eyesight.

Since, he is a musical director of the Royal
Academy of Music in 1719 to 1728 and of the so
called Second Academy from 1728 to 1734.
Handel is remembered for his operas and
oratorios. And he became England’s favorite
composer. And he also became London’s leading
composer and director of Italian operas.
• When he was conducted his oratorio
, “samson”, a few in the audience
were unaware.
• -Samson (HWV 57) is a three-act oratorio by George Frideric Handel,
considered one of his finest dramatic works. It is usually performed as an
oratorio in concert form, but on occasions has also been staged as an opera.
42 operas
29 oratorios
More than 120 cantatas , trios and duets ,
numerous arias , chamber music , a large
number of ecumenical pieces . Odes and
serenatas , and 16 organ concerti.
• His most famous work , the oratorio
Messiah with its “Hallelujah” chorus, is
among the most popular works in
choral music and has become the
centerpiece of the christmas season.
• And he died in London on April 14, 1759 ,
and was buried in Westminster Abbey.