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Observed Social Customs Observed Social Customs

Lighting Lamp NAMASTE OR NAMASKAR


In many Hindu homes a lamp is lit daily Namaskar or Namaste is the most
before the altar of the Lord. In some popular form of greeting in India. It is a
houses it is lit at dawn. All auspicious general salutation that is used to greet
functions and moments like daily or welcome somebody and also for
worship, rituals and festivals and even bidding farewell. While doing
many social occasions like Namaskar, both the palms are placed
inaugurations commence with the together and raised below the face to
lightning of lamp. Light symbolizes greet a person. It is believed that both
knowledge and darkness, ignorance. the hands symbolise one mind, or the
GWU School Knowledge removes ignorance, just as
light removes darkness.Also knowledge
self meeting the self. While the right
hand represents higher nature, the left
hand denotes worldly or lower nature.
of Business is a lasting inner wealth by which all
outer achievements can be It has also a spiritual significance of
accomplished. Hence we light the lamp negating or reducing one's ego in the
India Trip to bow down to knowledge as the
greate st of all f o rm s of wealth .
presence of another.

Travel Guide
CLIMATE - WEATHER
2006/2007 India has hot tropical weather with
variations occurring region to region.
While the coolest months are from
November to mid-March, hottest are from
April to June. From mid-July to September
one can experience Monsoon rains.
Winters in India are pleasant with plenty of
sunny days. Most of the North India
remains dry, dusty, and unpleasant during
the summer months. For a tourist, India
provides ample opportunities to participate
in diverse activities in different parts of the
country. You can explore India in all the
seasons, but you will have to be selective
about the destinations
Observed Social Customs Observed Social Customs Observed Social Customs
MARRIAGE CLOTHING CLOTHING
Time has changed but the lavishness WOMEN MEN
has always been an integral and Indian Dresses: Beauty of Indian For the men, there is no dearth of
indispensable part of Indian marriages. women lies in the clothes she wears. variety. >From dhoti kurta to shirt
In India, marriage is still taken as an Very traditional and ethnic yet pants, an Indian man prefers
institution where not two people but contemporary Indian Saris are famous Everything that fits well and looks
two families get united. So, it always worldwide. It is worn with a blouse that good. But, traditionally you can see
calls for boisterous celebrations full of covers the upper part of the body. In north Indians wearing kurta pajama,
music and dance. Within India, every rural parts a version of sari, called dhoti kurta or sherwani on formal
caste and community has its own way ghagara -choli is very much popular. celebrations whereas south Indian
of performing the rituals of marriage. In Choli is like a short blouse that covers men prefer lungi with shirt.
Hindu marriages, while Punjabis the upper part of the body and ghagara
perform the ‘Roka’ ceremony in is like a long skirt.
weddings, Sindhis perform the
‘Berana’. But most common of all is
the ritual of Hast Milap ceremony
popularly called Paanigrahan Sanskar.
Observed Social Customs
Observed Social Customs
CLOTHING
MARRIAGE
WOMEN
In order to have a graceful and Muslims also have their own special
complete look, women folk carry a way of celebrating the marriage
duppatta, which is a soft and delicate ceremony, popularly called Nikaah.
material of reasonable length thrown During the auspicious occasion, the
over the shoulder. Though with slight groom’s family gives mehar (nuptial
variations, Salwar kameez is a dress gift) to the bride. Parsis plant a young
that is famous in every part of India. mango tree in a pot during the
This attire contains two pieces-kameez, marriage ceremony. This ceremony is
which is a like a long top covering upper famous as ‘Madhavsaro’ ceremony.
part of the body and salwar is like Every state has its own special way
trousers. Like ghagara choli, salwar of celebrating the marriage ceremony.
kameez is also complemented by
dupatta.
Common and Useful Hindi "How much does this cost?" --
Phrases YEH KIT-NE KA HAI
How are you?" -- KYA HAAL
"Goodbye." -- ACH-HA, CHALTA
HAI, or KAISE HO/HAIN, or KYA
HOON
CHAL RAHA HAI,
"Please enter." -- PADHARIYE
"Where's the phone?" -- PHONE
"See you again." --PHIR MI-LEN-
KA-HAAN HAI?
GAE
what time is it = KYA SA-MAY HAI
"Thank you." -- DHAN-YA-VAD or
"Where are you?" -- KAHAN HAIN
SHUK-RIYA
AAP or KIDHAR HO TUM or
"It is nice to meet you." -- AAP SE
KAHAN HO TUM/.
MIL KE KHU-SHI HUI, or AAP SE
"Can I sit here?" (If you are male,
MIL KE ACH-CHA LAGA –
then say) --KYA MEIN YA-HAN
"Please take me to my hotel." --
BAYTE SAK-TA HOON
KRIP-YA MUJ-HE MAY-RAY HO-
"Can I sit here?" (If you are
TEL LE CHA-LI-YE
female, then say) --KYA MEIN YA-
"here is the bathroom?" – SHAU-
HAN BAYTE SAK-TI HOON
CHALAY KID-HAR HAI?
.

“Hello.”- NA-MA-SKAAR or NA-


MA-STAY
“Please.”-KRIP-YA
“Water.” – PAA-NEE
“Can I please have some water?”-
KRIP-YA MU-JHE PAA-NEE DI-
JIYE
“Can you help me?”- KYA
AAP MAY-RI MADAD KAR SAKTE
HAIN?
“Help!” – BA-CHA-O (literally
means “save me”, but that’s what
people shout out when in trouble)
“Call police.” – POLICE KO BU-
LA-AIYE.
Hotel & Embassy Info Hotel & Embassy Info Hotel & Embassy Info
NEW DELHI, India BANGALORE, India MUMBAI, India
Taj Lands End Band Stand,
Le Méridien New Delhi Le Méridien Bangalore
Bandra (West), Mumbai 400 050,
Windsor Place New Delhi 28 Sankey Road · PB No 174
Tel No. : (91-22) 6668 1234 Fax :
Phone: (91)(11) 23710101 · Bangalore, Karnataka 560 ((91-22) 6699 4488
052 Phone: (91)(80) 2226 Email:landsend.mumbai@tajhote
U.S. Embassy Shantipath, 2233
Chanakyapuri ls.com
New Delhi - 110021 Consulate Information Unit Consulate Information
Tel: +91-11-2419-8000 American Corner Bharatiya American Citizen Services Gene
Fax: +91-11-2419-0017 Vidya Bhavan Race Course ral Mumbai 78, Bhulabhai Desai
Email: ndcentral@state.gov Road Bangalore 560 001 Rd.Mumbai, Maharashtra 400-026
Phone: 080 - 2226 5746/7303 Phone: (91-22) 2363 3611,4306/41
Fax: 080 - 2228 7373 34/4237 mmbajacs@state.gov

Telephone/Dialing Telephone/Dialing Telephone/Dialing


Instructions FROM Instructions FROM Instructions FROM
NEW DELHI, India BANGALORE, India BANGALORE, India
(011) is the international prefix (011) is the international prefix (011) is the international prefix
used to dial somewhere outside used to dial somewhere outside used to dial somewhere outside
of U.S.A (91) is the international of U.S.A (91) is the international of U.S.A (91) is the international
code used to dial to India (11) is code used to dial to India (80) is code used to dial to India (22) is
the local area or city code used the local area or city code used the local area or city code used
to dial to Delhi; please omit it if to dial to Bangalore; please omit to dial to Mumbai; please omit it
calling from within Delhi and If it if calling from within Bangalore if calling from within Mumbai
calling from within India but and If calling from within India and If calling from within India
outside of Delhi, one must dial but outside of Mumbai, one but outside of Mumbai, one
“0” before (22) must dial “0” before (22) must dial “0” before (22)
Sightseeing Ideas and Sightseeing Ideas and Sightseeing Ideas and
Options in New Delhi, Options in New Delhi Options in New Delhi
India Gate, Delhi: the 42 metre Purana Qila (Old Fort), Delhi Jantar Mantar, Delhi :
the ruins of the fort are located Within Connaught Place is the
high, free standing arch, popularly
on a small hill which once stood Jantar Mantar Observatory built
known as India Gate, was designed
on the banks of the river Yamuna. by the Rajput King of Jaipur
by Luytens and built in 19111. It Legend has it that the fort marked the
was originally called All India War Sawai Jai Singh in 1724. It was
site of Indraprastha, the magnificent
Memorial in memory of the 90,000 believed to have been built with
capital of the pandavas, though the
Soldiers of the Indian Army who construction was carried out by Sher masonry instruments for
died in World War I. The names of Shah Suri sometime between 1538 to observing the movements of the
the soldiers are inscribed all along 1545 AD. The structure houses a s t a r s a n d p l a n e t s
the walls of the arch. In1971, an mosque which has a double storeyed
eternal flame was lit here to honour octagonal tower. At the foot of the hill
the Amar Jawan (immortal is a lake where the Delhi Tourism has
soldiers). arrangements for boating.

C o n n a u g h t P l a c e
Sightseeing Ideas and C h a n d n i C h o w k
One of Delhi's most popular shopping
It was the eyes and ears of the
centres built as early as 1931 there is Options in New Delhi Mughal's commercial instincts and is
nothing that one cannot buy here and
Dilli Haat today one of the country's best known
it also has several eating houses. The
wholesale markets f or textiles,
state emporia buildings are also
Food and Crafts Bazaar, opposite electronic goods and watches. The
located in this area so are the head
INA Market, is a one-stop shopping entire area was designed by
offices of major banks, airlines and
place for tourists, which not only Jahanara Begum, Shah Jahan's
other such things of importance to the
offers various arts and handicrafts of favourite daughter and was then
t ou rist . The comp le x popu la rly
India, but also a taste of the ethnic inhabited by the well-to-do families of
referred to as CP is an important
cuisine. Visitors can also witness the that time. There is however a word of
meeting points for all sections of
different performing arts of the caution and that is that there are
people and is something which no
country. several elements who are believed to
tourist should miss if for nothing else
be selling duplicate goods and the
then for its architecture and the
tourist needs to be careful about this.
humdrum of everyday life.
Sightseeing Ideas and Sightseeing Ideas and Sightseeing Ideas and
Options in Bangalore, Options in Bangalore Options in Bangalore
T i p u ' s P a l a c e
L a l B a g h G a r d e n s V i d h a n S o u d h a
The palace and the fort of Tipu
Lal Bagh is a must see while Vidhan Soudha, built in the year
Sultan are the must see spot in
visiting Bangalore. The name Lal 1954 is one of the major centres of
Bangalore. The architecture, the
Bagh has been given to it for the att racti on i n Bangal or e . T h e
layout and the overall look of the
wonderfully bloomed red roses that architecture of the building is
palace gives you the idea of the
remain blooming all through the year based on the neo Dravidian style
ethnic Mughal lifestyle. The fort
in this garden. The garden has also a n d i t p r es ent l y h o u s e s t he
and its remains present the history
a collection of famous Botanical Legislative Assembly of the state
of the era in which it was built. The
species. Though the flow of visitors of Karnataka. The building also
construction of the Tipu palace
to the park is a regular affair, the houses a part of the Karnataka
was started by Haider Ali and
garden gets a festive look during the s e c r e t a r i a t .
completed by Tipu Sultan himself.
Republic Day and on the days of
flower shows that are held here
Sightseeing Ideas and Sightseeing Ideas and Sightseeing Ideas and
Options in Mumbai, Options in Mumbai Options in Mumbai
Fashion Street refers to a cluster of The Bombay Stock Exchange LTD: - The Universit y of Mumbai
about 130 to 140 clothing shops on MG the oldest stock exchange in Asia. It is (formerly University of Bombay)
Road in South Mumbai, India. Ready located at Dalal Street, Mumbai. is a university situated in
made garments are one of Mumbai's Bombay Stock Exchange was Maharashtra state of India. It has
chief exports, so the same clothes sold established in 1875. There are around been given a five-star ranking by
at leading US & European retail stores 3,500 Indian companies listed with the
can be purchased on Fashion Street for
NAAC. The name of the University
stock exchange. As of October 2006, was changed from University of
a f ra ct ion o f t heir p rice ab road . the market capitalization of the BSE
Furthermore, many proprietors haggle Bombay to University of Mumbai
was about Rs. 33.4 trillion (US $ 730
over bargain prices. There are also according to a Government
billion). The BSE SENSEX (SENSitive
several shoe and jewelry shops. It is a indEX), also called the BSE 30, is a Gazette dated 4 September 1996.
very popular area with college students widely used market index in India and It is abbreviated as either (UoM)
and teenagers, and, since Fashion Asia. It is among the 5 biggest stock for University of Mumbai or as
Street is little known to those outside of exchanges in the world in terms of ( MU) for Mumbai Uni versit y.
Mumbai, tourists only rarely venture transactions volume.
there. Bollywood celebrities are also
known to patronize Fashion Street. Kamala Nehru Park & Hanging
Gardens
Sightseeing Ideas and The giant Old woman's shoe in the
Kamala Nehru Park is very popular
Options in Mumbai with children to play in. One gets a
Chowpatty Beach & Juhu Beach panoramic view of parts of the
Chowpatty beach is situated on Marine city from these parks situated at the
Drive. This beach is well-known for it's height of Malabar Hill. At night, the
stalls selling "Bhel-Puri and Pani -Puri view of street lights of Marine Drive
chat" a favourite fast food among the resemble a dazzling bejeweled
Mumbaites and visitors to the city. "Queen's Necklace". At sunset, the
Juhu Beach is the waterfall and fountains in the park
most popular beach in Mumbai which are lit with colorful lights which are
is 30 kms away from the heart of worth seeing. The Hanging Gardens
Mumbai. It is a long stretch of sandy surrounded by beautiful flower beds
beach from Santacruz to Vile-Parle. and lush green lawns are very
This is a very popular beach for picnic. popular as picnic spots.
Hospital Information Hospital Information Hospital Information
Mumbai Mumbai New Delhi
Mumbai Asian Heart Institute All India Institute of Medical
Mumbai Dalvi Hospital
G/N Block Sciences, (AIIMS)
38 Nyayamurti
Bandra Kurla Complex Ansari Nagar, tel.: 6864851.
Sitaram Patkar
Bandra East Apollo Hospital,Sarita Vihar
Marg Gamdevi
Mumbai 400051 Mathura Rd,Tel.: 6925858/01
Mumbai 400007 Tel: 56022848
Tel: 5698-6666 Fax: 5698-6506 Escorts Heart Institute & Research
Mumbai Dalvi Hospital Pharmacy
Email: info@ahirc.com Centre, Okhla Rd, tel.: 6844820,
Pvt. Ltd.
Website: www.ahirc.com 6833641.
(Day and Night)
Mumbai Blue Cross Medicheck Holy Family Hospital,
38 Nyayamurti
Centre Okhla Tel.: 6845900-09.
Sitaram Patkar
506 Doctor Hs. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital,
Marg Gamdevi
5th fl., Pedder Road Wellingdon Crescent.
Mumbai 400 007
Opp. Jaslok Hospital Tel.:3365933, 3365525.
Tel: 5602 2848 Tel: 23692454
Mumbai 400 026 Tel: 23867079 Safdarjung Gen. Hospital
Tele-fax: 23872776 AIIMS Crossing, Tel.: 665060,
.

Hospital Information
Mumbai Hospital Information Hospital Information
Mumbai New Delhi
Mumbai Bombay Hospital
and Medical Research Center Mumbai Lilavati Hospital and
Mumbai Asian Heart Institute
12 New Marine Lines Research Centre
G/N Block Bandra Kurla Complex
Mumbai 400 020 A-791 Bandra Reclamation
Bandra East Mumbai 400051
Tel: 2206-7676 Fax: 2208-0871 Bandra (W), Mumbai 400 050
Tel: 5698-6666 Fax: 5698-6506
website: www.Bombayhospital.com Tel: 26438281, 26455891
Email: info@ahirc.com
Mumbai Clinical Diagnostic Center fax: 26407655 Email:
Website: www.ahirc.com
A-2 Ben Nevis lilavati@bom3.vsnl.net.in
Mumbai Blue Cross Medicheck
ground floor masinahospital@rediffmail.com
Centre 506 Doctor Hs.
Bhulabhai Desai Road Mumbai Metropolis Health Services
5th fl., Pedder Road Opp. Jaslok
Mumbai 400 036 250 D Udhyog Bhavan
Hospital Mumbai 400 026 Tel:
Tel: 23684764/65,23618839 Hind Cycle Marg Behind Glaxo, Worli
23867079 Tele-fax: 23872776
fax: 23671019 Email: Mumbai 400025
helpdesk1@cdcuniverse.com Tel: 56622040 (11 lines)
Hospital Information Social & Cultural Social & Cultural
Bangalore FOOD FOOD
Sweets are very popular all over India Most Indian cuisine are related by the
Bangalore Hospital
and are usually cooked in a lot of fat. similar usage of spices and the use of
202, RV Road26562753/ 26565494/
‘Jalebis’, luscious pretzel shaped loops a greater variety of vegetables than
26563477
fried to a golden crisp and soaked in many other cuisine. Religious and
Bangalore Institute of Oncology
saffron syrup can be had from any street caste restrictions, weather, geography
Cancer Detection Centre, 44-45/2ND
ve ndo r in No rth Ind ia. ‘Khee r ’ o r and the impact of foreigners have
CRS RM Roy extension
‘payasam’ are equivalents of the rice affected the eating habits of Indians.
2225644/2267/2359/5698/2267/2359
pudding and ‘Kulfi’ is an Indian ice cream For example, Brahmins (one of the
Bangalore Kidney Foundation
made in conical moulds and frozen. Tea highest orders of caste) are strict
No. 18762 Block Padmanabha
is drunk as a beverage in India. Tea from vegetarians usually, but in the coastal
Nagar26690084
the hills of Darjeeling and Kalimpong are states of West Bengal and Kerala, they
Bhagawan Mahaveer Jain Heart
boiled in milk and water and served with consume a lot of fish.
Centre General Miller Road, V
a liberal dose of sugar. Filtered coffee is
Nagar2267333
a favorite among South Indians and is a
very sweet, milky version of coffee.
.

Hospital Information Social & Cultural


Bangalore FOOD
Observed Social Customs
CDR Medical Centre 11th Main Road MARRIAGE Eating from a ‘thali’ (a metal plate or
Jayanagar 6655055 banana leaf) is quite common in most
Muslims also have their own special
Church of South India Hospital parts of India. Both the North Indian
way of celebrating the marriage
2, Hazarat Kambal Posh and South Indian thali contain small
ceremony, popularly called Nikaah.
Road2861103, 2861104 City bowls arranged inside the rim of the
During the auspicious occasion, the
Corporation Hospital plate(or leaf), each filled with a
groom’s family gives mehar (nuptial
5 Kempegowda CLE 923300977 different sort of spiced vegetarian food,
gift) to the bride. Parsis plant a young
Bhagawan Mahaveer Jain Hospital curd and sweet. At the center of the
mango tree in a pot during the
Millers Road, V Nagar2207641-49, thali you would find a heap of rice,
marriage ceremony. This ceremony is
2260944, 2261153 some puris(wheat bread rolled into
famous as ‘Madhavsaro’ ceremony.
Cauvery Medical Center small circular shapes and deep-fried in
Every state has its own special way of
3-B, HBS Apartments No.1, Edward hot oil) or chapathis(wheat bread rolled
celebrating the marriage ceremony.
Road out into large circular shapes and
sh a llo w-f ried o ve r a ho t ‘ta va ) .
DOING BUSINESS DOING BUSINESS DOING BUSINESS
Regionalism, religion, language and MEETING AND GREETING BODY LANGUAGE
caste are all factors that need to be Meeting etiquette requires a
taken into account when doing handshake. Indians themselves will Indians generally allow an arm’s length
b u s i n e s s i n I n d i a . B e h a v i o r, use the namaste. Using the namaste is space between themselves and others
etiquette, and approach are all a sign of your understanding of the in business situations. Do not stand
modified depending on whom you are I n d i a n e t i q u e t t e . too close, they value personal space.
addressing and the context in which When addressing an Indian whom you Indian men may engage in friendly
they are being addressed. know personally, always use the back patting merely as a sign of a
HIERARCHY appropriate formal title, whether friend ship. When an an Indian smiles
Hierarchy plays the most important Professor, Doctor, or Mrs. or if you do and jerks his/her head backward or
role of all cultural influences that most not know their names use Sir or moves his head in a figure 8, this
influence Indian business culture. Madam. Business cards should be u s u a l l y m e a n s ‘ y e s ’ .
With its roots in Hinduism and the exchanged at the first meeting. Be
caste system, Indian society operates sure to receive and give with your right
within a framework of strict hierarchy hand. Make sure the card you are
that defines people’s roles, status, given is put away respectfully and not
a n d s o c i a l o r d e r . .
simply pushed in your trouser pocket.

LANGUAGE
Central government only recognizes DOING BUSINESS
Hindi as the official language. When BODY LANGUAGE
doing business in India, English is the The Western
language of international commerce. side-to-side hand wave for hello is
frequently interpreted as no or go
B U I L D I N G R E L AT I O N S H I P S away. Only use your right hand to
Indians only deal favorably with those touch someone, pass money or pick
they know and trust – even at the up merchandise. The left hand is
expense of lucrative deals. A good c o n s i d e r e d u n c l e a n .
working relationship must be founded Feet are considered unclean. Pointing
upon demonstrating strong business footwear at people is considered an
acumen and relating to your partner. insult.
DOING BUSINESS DOING BUSINESS DOING BUSINESS
DINING AND ENTERTAINMENT ME E TI NGS AND NE GOTI ATI ONS NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
Meetings should be arranged well in AND SOCIAL TIPS
Arrive 15-30 minutes later than the
advance. This should be done in writing
stated time for a dinner party.
and confirmed by phone. • Grasping one’s own ears
At a social gathering, a garland of
Punctuality is expected, although being expresses sincerity.
flowers is often placed around a
10 minutes late will not have disastrous • Backslapping is not a sign of
guest’s neck. Remove it after a few
consequences. Flexibility is paramount. affection.
minutes and carry it in your hand to
When entering a meeting room, you • American men should not touch
show humility. Allow hosts to serve
must always approach and greet the women in public, nor talk to a lone
you. Never refuse food, but do not
most senior figure first. Meetings should woman in public.
feel obligated to empty your plate.
always commence with some • Whistling is considered impolite.
If hosts eat with hands, assure them
conversation. This is the part of the • Bargain for goods and services.
you enjoy doing the same. If utensils
getting to know you process. Avoid • The left hand is considered
are not used, use your right hand’s
talking about personal matters, and if unclean. Use the right hand for
first three fingers and thumb.
new to India, do not comment on matters eating with the fingers or accepting
s u ch a s t h e p o ve r t y o r b e g ga rs . things.
Indians do not base . their business
decisions solely on statistics, or empirical
data. They use intuition and faith to
guide them. Always exercise patience,
show good character and never exhibit
f r u s t r a t i o n o r a n g e r .