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INTRODUCTION TO

OSHS

•Occupational Safety
and Health
In the Philippines

A
Progress of OSH Legislations in the Philippines

1903- development of OSH in the Philippines


1908- Employer’s Liability Act was instituted
requiring employers to compensate workers who
were injured while performing their job
1908 – Bureau of Labor was created.
1927 - Workmen’s Compensation Act No. 3428
was passed providing payment of damages by the
employer for illnesses, in addition to injury or
death due to employment
1933 - Bureau of Labor was named Department of
Labor on Dec. 8, 1933.
1936- Commonwealth Act No. 104 was passed. First
legislation directly enjoining management to
ensure the promotion of OSH in the workplace.
Known as the First Industrial Safety Law
1945- Commonwealth Act No. 696 was approved to
include safety in the installation and operation
of boilers and pressure vessels.
1948- Philippines became a member of ILO
1954- Enactment of RA No. 1054 (Free Emergency
Medical & Dental Treatment Act)
1957 – Bureau of Labor Standards was created.
1959- SOPI was organized
1967-Proclamation No. 115-A was issued declaring the year &
every year thereafter as SAFETY & ACCIDENT PREVENTION
YEAR
January - General Orientation
February - Air Transportation
March - Fire Prevention
April - Vacation Hazards
May - Land Transportation
June - Sea Transportation
July - Schools
August - Farms
September -Health and Sanitation
October - Industry & Commerce
November -Mines
December -Holiday Hazards & Homes
1974- PD 442 (LCP) was passed
1975- BLS started the program on accreditation of
STOs to conduct OSH training.
1977- Tripartite body was created to study the
proposed OSHS
1978- OSHS was approved. Nat’l Tripartite
Committee was created to continue study the
improvement of the OSHS
1982 – BLS renamed as BWC
1984- Tripartite consultation was held to amend
OSHS Rule 1410 (Construction Safety).
1988- OSHC was created pursuant to EO 307. First in
Southeast Asia
1989- First major revision of OSHS
1996- Tripartite consultation workshop held to
discuss the amendments of Rule 1030
1998- DO 13 was issued. Tripartite Council on
OSH in Construction Industry was created.
1998- Passed MC No. 02 series of 1998 -Guidelines
for Classifying Hazardous and Non-
Hazardous Workplaces
1999 -ASPPI was organized.1st Gen. Assembly &
Convention of DOLE Accredited Safety
Professionals was held
2000- MC No. 01 s2000- Guidelines for the Conduct of WEA
- MC No. 02 s2000-Guidelines in the Application of
Workplace Component of RA 8504 known as
“Phil. AIDS Prevention & Control Act of 1998”
2001- Approved Amendments to Rules 1030, 1160, 1170,
1180 of the OSHS
2002 – 1st meeting/gathering of DOLE-BWC Accredited
Safety Training & Testing Organizations
-Department Order (DO) 53-03, s 2003
Implementation of a Drug-Free Workplace
Policies and Procedures for the Private Sector.
2003- Organization of ATOP Inc. for OSH. Renamed as
ASHTOP Inc. in 2004.
2004 – Department Order (DO) 57-04, s 2004 (New Labor
Standards Enforcement Framework) was issued.
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

OSH LEGISLATIONS

Phil. Const.
• Article XIII Section 3 of Phil.
Constitution
• The state shall afford full
protection to labor, .... .
They shall be entitled to
security of tenure, humane
conditions of work, and a living
wage.

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INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

OSH LEGISLATIONS

Phil. Const.
• Law : P.D. 442, Book IV, Titles I
and II
Title : Labor Code of the Phils.
• Year Passed : 1974
Labor Code. • Implementing Agency: DOLE
• Content: Revised and consolidated
labor and social laws to afford full
protection to labor, promote
employment and human resources
development and ensure industrial
peace based on social justice.

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INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

OSH LEGISLATIONS
• Article 162 – The Secretary of labor shall by
appropriate order set and enforce mandatory
Phil. Const. OSH Standards to eliminate or reduce OSH
hazards in all workplaces and institute new and
update existing programs to ensure safe and
healthful working conditions in all place of
employment
Labor Code.
• Article 165 - DOLE shall be solely responsible
for the administration, enforcement of laws,
policies and programs on OSH.
• Chartered cities may be allowed to conduct
industrial safety inspection of establishments
within their respective jurisdictions.

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INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

OSH LEGISLATIONS

Phil. Const.

• Law : Rules and Regulations


Implementing Art. 162,
Book IV, Title I, P.D. 442
Labor Code.
• Title : Occupational Safety and
Health Standards (OSHS)

• Year Passed : 1978


OSHS. • Relevant Provision/s : Rule 1000 to
Rule 1980

• Implementing Agency: DOLE

A
Legal Basis of the Occupational
Safety and Health Standards

• Book IV, Title I


Chapter I
Medical and Dental
Services

Chapter II
Occupational Safety
Legal Basis of the Occupational
Safety and Health and Standards

Book IV, Title I – Occupational Safety


Medical, Dental and and Health Standards,
Occupational Safety (OSHS)1978
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

OSH STANDARDS

• A set of mandatory OSH


standards which codifies all
safety orders being enforced
prior to its promulgation.
• It contains administrative
requirements, general safety
and health rules, technical
safety regulations, and other
measures to eliminate or reduce
OSH hazards in the workplace.

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INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

OSH STANDARDS

OSH Standards:
• PURPOSE
– to protect every working man against the dangers
of injury, sickness or death through safe and
healthful working conditions.

• SCOPE
– shall apply to all places of employment except land,
sea and air transportation and safety in Mines.
Occupational Safety & Health
Standards
Some Rules of the OSHS
1000 General Provisions
1010 Other Safety Rules
1020 Registration
1030 Training & Accreditation
1040 Health & Safety Committee
1050 Notification & Keeping of
Occupational Illnesses & Injuries
1060 Premises of Establishments
1070 Environmental Control
1080 Personal Protective Equipment
Occupational Safety & Health Standards

Some OSHS Rules


1090 Hazardous Materials 1220 Elevators & Related
1100 Gas & Electric Equipment
Welding & Cutting 1230 Identification of
Operations Piping System
1120 Hazardous Work 1240 Power Piping Lines
Processes 1410 Construction Safety
1140 Explosives 1420 Logging
1150 Materials Handling & 1940 Fire Protection &
Storage Control
1160 Boiler 1950 Pesticides &
1170 Unfired Pressure Fertilizers
Vessels 1970 Fees
1180 Internal Combustion 1980 Authority of LG
Engine* 1990 Final Provisions
1200 Machine Guarding 1960 OH Services
1210 Electrical Safety
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

OSH STANDARDS

WHO ARE THE ORGANIZATIONS


INVOLVED IN OSH?
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ADMINISTATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSH

DOLE

ECC

• Employees Compensation Commission


• The ECC is responsible for initiating, rationalizing and
coordinating the policies on employees compensation
programs as well as deciding appealed cases from the
GSIS and SSS, the agencies which initially administer the
employee’s compensation program in the public and
private sector.
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSH

Employee Compensation DOLE


Commission

ECC

Occupational Safety and Health Center


OSHC • Undertakes continuing studies and
researches on OSH
• Plans, develops and implements
training programs on OSH Undertakes
practical testing for safe use and sets
standard specifications of PPEs
• Monitor workers’ exposure to
hazardous substance and
environmental conditions.
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INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSH

DOLE

ECC
BWC
OSHC

• Bureau of Working Conditions


– The BWC performs primarily policy and program
development and advisory functions in the administration
and enforcement of laws relating to working conditions.
– It oversee the implementation of standards through
technical supervision of enforcement by the DOLE’s 15
A Regional Offices all over the country
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSH

DOLE
• Implements laws,
ECC policies, plans,
programs, projects,
BWC rules and regulations of
OSHC the DOLE.

RO1 RO2 RO3 RO4 RO5 RO6 RO7 RO15

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INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

HOW DOLE ENFORCE OSH LAWS ?

• The OSH laws are enforced and monitored by


the ROs through its LSED manned by labor
inspectors vested with visitorial and
enforcement power under Article 128.
• Labor inspectors also disseminate information,
advocate and give technical assistance on
OSH
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS

2 Types of OSH Inspection


 Technical Safety Inspection – inspection for
the purpose of safety determination of boilers,
pressure vessels, internal combustion
engines, electrical installations, elevators,
hoisting equipment and other mechanical
equipment

.
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS

2 Types of OSH Inspection


 General Safety and Health Inspection – refers
to inspection of work environment, adequacy of
work space, ventilation, lighting, handling,
storage or work procedures, protection facilities,
location and operation of machinery other than
those covered by technical safety inspection
and other safety and health hazards in the
workplace.

.
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS

Safety and Health


in
Construction

.
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS

Safety and Health in Construction


 Rule 1410 of the OSHS and DO 13, series 1998
provide requirements for keeping and maintaining
a safe worksite
Examples:
1) Health and Safety Committee to plan, develop, implement
worksite programs on OSH approved by DOLE-BWC
2) Approved Personal Protective Equipment
3) Trained or accredited OSH personnel
4) Other administrative and technical safety and health
requirements
.
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS

Safety and Health in Construction


DOLE Advocacy and linkages with stakeholders

- MOA between DOLE and DPWH to harmonize


and complement the National Building Code
and the Labor Code of the Philippines

.
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS

Safety and Health in Construction


DOLE Advocacy and linkages with stakeholders

NBC to include safety and health


DOLE Proposal - to add new Rule on
Occupational Safety and Health in the Revised
Implementing Rules and Regulations pursuant
to PD 1096 otherwise known as the National
Building Code
.
ACCREDITATION PROGRAM

Pursuant to Rule 1030


of the
Occupational
Safety and Health Standards
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ACCREDITATION PROGRAM
Rule 1030 - Training and Accreditation of Personnel in OSH

– Mandates the BWC to conduct training program on OSH


directly or through accredited Safety Training Organization.

– Require the employer to appoint a safety officer. The training


course prescribed by the BWC shall be requisite for the
appointment of the safety officer in the place of employment

– All full-time safety officers must meet the requirement of duly-


accredited Safety Practitioner or Safety Consultants by the
Bureau
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

Requirements in the
Practice of OSH

Completion of the Bureau


Prescribed Training Course
On OSH conducted by
DOLE Accredited Safety
Training Organization

BWC Accreditation as OSH


practitioner/consultant
Every employer shall take steps to train a
sufficient number of supervisors or technical
personnel in occupational safety and health

No. of workers Non-hazardous workplace *


1 - 250 One(1) part-time safety officer
251 - 500
Two(2) part-time safety officers
501 - 750 One(1) full-time safety officer
751 - 1000 One(2) full-time safety officers
Every add’l. 500 or fraction
One(1) add’l. full-time safety officer
thereof

* Based on Department Order No. 16, series of 2001


Every employer shall take steps to train a
sufficient number of supervisors or technical
personnel in occupational safety and health

No. of workers Hazardous * Highly hazardous *


1 - 50 1 part-time safety officer 1 full-time safety officer
51 - 200 1 full-time safety officer 1 FT & 1 PT safety officer
201 - 250 1 FT & 1 PT safety officer 2 full-time safety officer
251 - 500 2 full-time safety officer 2 FT & 1 PT safety officer
Every add’l. 500
or fraction thereof
1 add’l. FT safety officer
Every add’l. 250
or fraction thereof 1 add’l. FT safety officer
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

ACCREDITATION PROGRAM

UPDATE
The Bureau has accredited:
• 1800 safety practitioners
• 175 safety consultants
• 20 Active Safety Training Organization
• 4 Testing of Construction Heavy
Equipment organization
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

Labor Standards
Enforcement Framework
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

Labor Standards
Enforcement Framework
Complementary Approaches to Inspection

1. Self-audit
2. Joint Regulation
3. Assistance Program for
Development
4. Industry/Social Accord
5. Delegation of Authority
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

Emerging Trends on the Role and


Functions of OSH
Practitioner/Consultant

Personal safety, health,


environmental safety, equipment
safety, process safety, product
safety, security of people and
property are becoming more
interrelated and create an
expanded role for OSH
professionals
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

Emerging Trends on the Role and


Functions of OSH
Practitioner/Consultant

OSH professionals missions


and objectives are also
geared towards providing
security and protection to life
and property.
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS

Emerging Trends on the Role and


Functions of OSH
Practitioner/Consultant

Safety, health and security


programs and activities
complement each other.
INTRODUCTION TO OSHS