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Birgit Snoeren
European Commission
DG Environment
DGENVD2 Marine unit
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4 ?olicy update
0 Marine Strategy Framework Directive (2008)
0 Commission Decision on criteria for good
environmental status 0 þ 
0 | Recommendation on Integrated Coastal Zone
Management (2002)
0 ICZM Protocol (Barcelona Convention)
0 þ   

0 Commission¶s White Paper on Adaptation to
Climate Change (2009): | guidance for
adaptation in coastal and marine areas

 
 
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4 jn eco-system based approach to the management of human


activities in the marine area
0 ensuring that the collective pressure of such activities is kept within
levels compatible with the achievement of good environmental status
0 and that the capacity of marine ecosystems to respond to human-
induced changes is not compromised,
0 while enabling the sustainable use of marine goods and services by
present and future generations.
4 [ntegration of environmental concerns into the different policies
which have an impact on the marine environment
4 Good Environmental Status amongst others deals with
biodiversity, non-indigenous species, sea floor integrity,
hydrographical conditions, litter, underwater noise

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r Common criteria for Good |nvironmental states : N|W ! Commission Decision 1.9.2010
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|utrophication
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Hydrographic conditions
Non-indigenous species
Contaminants
Fish populations
Contaminants in seafood
Food webs

Seafloor integrity

Litter

|nergy introduction (noise)


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(3) One major finding of such
scientific and technical work is that
there is a substantial need to
develop additional scientific
understanding for assessing good
environmental status in a coherent
and holistic manner to support the
ecosystem-based approach to
management. An improved
scientific knowledge needs to be
developed, in particular through
the Communication µA |uropean
Strategy for Marine and Maritime
Research. ««
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- development of methodological standards where not yet available
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4 jn eco-system based approach to the management of human activities in the coastal area
0 Preserving its integrity and functioning, and sustainable management of the natural resources of both the
marine and terrestrial components of the coastal zone
0 Appropriate and ecologically responsible coastal protection measures
0 Sustainable economic opportunities and employment options
0 recognition of the threat to coastal zones posed by climate change and of the dangers
entailed by the rise in sea level and the increasing frequency and violence of storms;
0 Improved coordination of the actions taken by all the authorities concerned both at sea
and on land, in managing the sea-land interaction
0 Working with natural processes and respecting the carrying capacity of ecosystems, which
will make human activities more environmentally friendly, socially responsible and
economically sound in the long run
4 ?riority themes for EU [CZM (COM(2007)306
0 Adaptation to coastal risks and the impacts of climate change
0 Cooperation in the context of regional seas, including Marine Spatial
Planning
4 ^ocus on implementation:
0 O RCOAST

0 Funding opportunities (RTD) but also transnational programmes


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- Common framework for ICZM in the Mediterranean
- Principles and objectives for ICZM
Requires comprehensive strategies, series of tools to be used in coherent µmix¶
Specific stipulations for certain coastal uses and/or values to be protected
Special attention for natural hazards, including effects of climate change
- Geographic extent in principle out to territorial sea limit and on land limit of
competent coastal units as defined by Member States
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AWorking at different scales and across administrative
and sectoral boundaries remains a formidable challenge,
but is central to achieving integration´
jn Evaluation of [CZM in Europe (COM(2007)308

[ssues:
- Principles still valid, but formal reporting deadlines ended
2006. New Member States reports requested December 2010
- Quickly evolving policy and legal context (increasing activity
at sea - Marine Strategy Framework Directive, maritime spatial
planning; Protocol in Mediterranean)
Timeline follow-up to the EU [CZM Recommendation:
- |arly reflection group (Working group of | ICZM |xpert group)
- Start of µimpact assessment¶ process 2010,
including definition of policy and substance ³options´
& wider public consultation
- Possible Commission proposal 2011
Sustainable development:
- minimisation of impacts, rational use of resources
integration of environmental concerns into coastal activities and
uses;
- territorial approach, coordination and coherence of policies,
legislation and actions
- AGovernance´: better law-making, consultations, impact
assessment
Coast:
- geographic extent? land and sea part, varying width depending
on issue;
- issues are dealt with by different competent authorities, actors,
at different overlapping scales
- specificities European regional seas, versus common issues
Data/information, jssessment framework:
- availability and use of information at different scales
Deliverables: more specific, but need for flexibility
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General message:
Need for increased resilience to adapt to climate change effects
Some actions:
‡ Develop a |uropean Clearing House Mechanism
‡ Develop methods, models, data sets and prediction tools
‡ | guidance for adaptation in marine and coastal areas
Action plan 2009-2012:   an | adaption Framework by 2012
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‡Climate change adds to pressures on aquatic
ecosystems. jlso indirect pressures may arise
from human responses (adaptation and
mitigation)
‡ Many Ano-regret´ / Awin-win´ measures available
‡ jpplication in 2nd&3rd cycle River Basin
Management ?lans (assessment pressures /
impacts, monitoring programmes, measures)
‡ 11 principles: i.e. broad risk assessment, climate
check of measures, maximisation cross-sector
benefits; Flood risk & Drought/water scarcity
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4 Several programmes on climate change / ecology /coasts
0 EUrosion/ConScience: long term strategy to risk management
0 Safecoast: Risk chain (prevention ± preparedness ± response - reconstruction) (|RDF)
0 COjSTjNCE: regional action strategies for coastal zone adaptation to climate change
(|RDF); Bj TC[Cj, jNCOR[M, [MCORE ...
0 ?EGjSO: science-policy interface, sustainability assessment, shared information system
(RTD)
0 ES?ON-Climate: Climate change and territorial effects on regions and local
economies (general, coast/non-coast)
4 New projects: ClimateCost, ClimSave, Mediation, Responses, CapHjZ-Net,
ENSURE, etc (RTD)
0 mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
4 jdaptation in marine areas
Towards EU Guidance on adaptation
in coastal and areas
‡ Timing: 2012 ?
‡Taking stock of outputs White ?aper
‡ essons from research and implementation
‡ Key source:
Budget 1M¼, Dec.2008-^eb.2012
Database, analysis: at least 350 cases
Key themes include: Adaptation to
coastal risks and climate change
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‡ jrea based, cross-sectoral risk reduction


strategies; coherent Amix´ of measures
‡ jdaptation and mitigation need to be considered
‡ ^ocus on ˜revention of hazard, where possible
‡ Enhancing resilience of coastal systems ±
working with nature
‡ Knowledge based approach; communication and
public information
‡ Multi-level governance: determining relevant
scales for policies & actions

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4 MjR[NE STRjTEGY ^RjMEWORK D[RECT[VE


http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/marine/index_en.htm

4 [NTEGRjTED COjSTj ZONE MjNjGEMENT


http://ec.europa.eu/environment/iczm/home.htm

4 jDj?TjT[ON TO C [MjTE CHjNGE


http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/adaptation/index_en.htm

Thank you for your attention