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The study of climate is a complex field of research and rapidly evolving,
due to the large number of factors involved. Earth's climate has never
been static.
Climate change is called the global variation of Earth's
climate. It is due to natural causes and also to the
action of man and occurs at very different time scales
and on all climatic parameters: temperature, rainfall,
cloudiness, etc.
How is climate Change
Currently, there is a scientific consensus,
almost generalized, around the idea that our
mode of production and energy consumption
is generating a global climatic alteration,
which will cause, in turn, serious impacts
both on land and on socioeconomic systems.
The term "greenhouse effect" is
What climate one of the factors that have
been altered and refers to the
changes and retention of heat from the Sun
impacts have in the atmosphere of the Earth
by a layer of gases in it (the
already been atmosphere).
Climate change affects us all. The
potential impact is enormous, with
predictions of lack of drinking
What factors
water, large changes in conditions
for food production and an
contribute to
increase in mortality rates due to
floods, storms, droughts and heat climate change?
What is the
human role in
the climate
"Human influence on the climate
system is clear. This is evident
from the increase in the
concentrations of greenhouse
How do we know gases in the atmosphere,
positive radioactive forcing,
that Earth has observed warming, and
warmed? understanding of the climate
system. (It is extremely likely
that human influence is the
dominant cause of warming
observed since half of the 20th
Climate change is changing our economy,
health and communities in different ways.
Scientists warn that if we do not substantially
curb climate change now, the results are likely
to be disastrous. If the Earth warms up, some
of these important changes will occur:
• The water expands when it is
heated and the oceans absorb
more heat than the earth, the sea
level will rise.
• Sea level will also increase due to
the melting of glaciers and sea
• The cities of the coasts would
suffer floods.
• Places where it usually rains or
snows a lot could heat up and dry
• Lakes and rivers could dry up.
• There would be more droughts so it
would be more difficult to grow
• There would be less available water
for agriculture, food production,
drinking or showering.
• Many plants and animals would
become extinct.
• Hurricanes, tornadoes and storms
caused by changes in temperature
and evaporation of water would
occur more regularly.