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STEAM DISTILLATION OF

IMMISCIBLE PAIR OF LIQUIDS


SYSTEM
Group 2
Antazo, Francesca Victoria
Dionisio, Eunice Anne B.
Gutierrez, Ma. Ellah Patricia M.
OBJECTIVES
The objectives of this experiment are:

to perform steam distillation of immiscible pair of liquids

to compute the partial pressures of the components of immiscible pair of


liquids

to compute the total pressure of the vapor produced from the immiscible pair
of liquid from distillation

to construct a liquid-vapor pressure diagram of the two component system


INTRODUCTION
Steam distillation
• is a process that is used to isolate or to purify volatile materials such
as aromatic compounds by adding steam or water to the distillation
apparatus.

• This helps to lower the boiling points of the compounds and removes
the contaminants from water.

• The process of this kind of distillation isolates the compounds of a


solution by evaporation then condensing the vapor back into liquid.
INTRODUCTION
Steam generator can be created
by heating water in a flask and
attaching it to the distillation set-
up. The steam from the steam
generator is added through the
immiscible mixture and it turns to
vapor. The vapor is condensed
Figure 1. Steam Distillation Set-up and collected after. The mixture
condenses as the hot steam
passes through it, releasing heat.
INTRODUCTION
• When two immiscible liquids are heated, the surface of each
liquid substances will exert its own vapor pressure as though
the other compound of the mixture is not present.

• The vapor pressure of the system will increase as function of


temperature if only one of the components was present.

• The boiling will begin when the total vapor pressure


surpasses the atmospheric pressure.
INTRODUCTION
A vapor pressure curve is a
graph of vapor pressure as a
function of temperature. A
horizontal line is drawn at a
pressure that is equal to the
standard pressure. The line
intersects the vapor pressure
curve to the temperature of Figure 2. Vapor Pressure Curve
boiling point of that liquid.
METHODOLOGY

In a distilling Attach the


flask, add 50.0 distilling flask in a
Heat the mixture
mL of toluene condenser.
to 80°C .
and 25.0 mL of prepare the
distilled water. distillation set-up.
METHODOLOGY

Prepare heat generator by Record the temperature


placing water in an
for every 1.0 mL of
erlenmeyer flask and
collected distillate until
connecting it to the
mixture using a glass a total of 10.0 mL of
tubing. distillate was collected.