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Group 2
Antazo, Francesca Victoria
Dionisio, Eunice Anne B.
Gutierrez, Ma. Ellah Patricia M.
The objectives of this experiment are:

to perform steam distillation of immiscible pair of liquids

to compute the partial pressures of the components of immiscible pair of


to compute the total pressure of the vapor produced from the immiscible pair
of liquid from distillation

to construct a liquid-vapor pressure diagram of the two component system

Steam distillation
• is a process that is used to isolate or to purify volatile materials such
as aromatic compounds by adding steam or water to the distillation

• This helps to lower the boiling points of the compounds and removes
the contaminants from water.

• The process of this kind of distillation isolates the compounds of a

solution by evaporation then condensing the vapor back into liquid.
Steam generator can be created
by heating water in a flask and
attaching it to the distillation set-
up. The steam from the steam
generator is added through the
immiscible mixture and it turns to
vapor. The vapor is condensed
Figure 1. Steam Distillation Set-up and collected after. The mixture
condenses as the hot steam
passes through it, releasing heat.
• When two immiscible liquids are heated, the surface of each
liquid substances will exert its own vapor pressure as though
the other compound of the mixture is not present.

• The vapor pressure of the system will increase as function of

temperature if only one of the components was present.

• The boiling will begin when the total vapor pressure

surpasses the atmospheric pressure.
A vapor pressure curve is a
graph of vapor pressure as a
function of temperature. A
horizontal line is drawn at a
pressure that is equal to the
standard pressure. The line
intersects the vapor pressure
curve to the temperature of Figure 2. Vapor Pressure Curve
boiling point of that liquid.

In a distilling Attach the

flask, add 50.0 distilling flask in a
Heat the mixture
mL of toluene condenser.
to 80°C .
and 25.0 mL of prepare the
distilled water. distillation set-up.

Prepare heat generator by Record the temperature

placing water in an
for every 1.0 mL of
erlenmeyer flask and
collected distillate until
connecting it to the
mixture using a glass a total of 10.0 mL of
tubing. distillate was collected.