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UNIT 10

IT’S MORE
EXPENSIVE
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Learning Overview

Pronunciation Center Different ‘O’ Pronunciation

Interlude 1 Asking for Information

Comparisons with as +
It’s More Expensive Essential Grammar 1 adjective + as

Comparative Adjective

Essential Grammar 2 Superlative Adjective

Forming Regular
Comparatives and
Superlatives
PRONUNCIATION CENTER
Different ‘O’ Pronunciation

There are three pronunciations in a vowel ‘O’:


Name IPA std Examples
short o ɑ ŏ October hot
/ɑkˈtoʊ.bɚ/ /hɑt/
long o oʊ ō only October
/ˈoʊn.li/ /ɑkˈtoʊ.bɚ/
reduced o ə ə oppose opposite
Source: ELSA/Flickr.com
/əˈpoʊz/ /ˈɑː.pə.zɪt/
INTERLUDE 1
Asking for Information

What is it? How is it?


Asking for information is expressed in 1. Using WH-Questions.
What, When, Where, Who, Why, How
asking questions or asking for 2. Using a common phrase.
explanations about something. • Could/can you tell me . . .?
• Could/can anyone tell me . . .?
• Do you know . . .?
• Do you happen to know . . .?
We can give information through descriptions, facts,
comparisons and even persuasions. For examples:
• Could you give me some idea of . . .?
• This one is the best in its class. • Do you have any idea of . . .?
• I highly recommended this one • I'd like to know . . .?
• I'm interested in . . .?
• I am calling to find out . . .?
• I am calling regarding . . .?
ESSENTIAL GRAMMAR 1
Comparisons with as + adjective + as
The as + adjective + as is used to say that the two
parts of a comparison are equal in some way

Structure:
as + adjective + as

Examples:
• Emphasizing a small difference
- My house isn't quite as big as Jenny's.
(Jenny's house is a little/a bit/slightly bigger than mine.)
• Emphasizing a big difference:
- Singapore isn't nearly as big as Indonesia. (Indonesia is much bigger than Singapore.)
- Singapore is nowhere near as big as Indonesia.
ESSENTIAL GRAMMAR 2
A. Comparative Adjectives
Rp 90.000 Rp120.000

It compares one person or


thing with another so we
know whether a person or thing
has more or less of a particular
quality. Look at the examples. Source: Pxhere.com Source: Kipasregency/Pixabay.com

• The flash disk is cheaper than the fan.


• The fan is more expensive than the flash disk.
ESSENTIAL GRAMMAR 2
B. Superlative Adjectives

Rp 3.000 Rp 10.000 Rp5.000


It describes one person or
thing as having more of a
quality than all other
people or things in a group. Source: Source:
Look at the following examples: Source: Amanda Jane/Flickr.com Skoop/Commons.wikimedia.org Wikimedia.org

• The bacon chip is the cheapest snack here.


• The chocolate is the most expensive.
ESSENTIAL GRAMMAR 2
C. Forming Regular Comparatives and Superlatives

One Syllable Adjectives

Adjective Comparative Superlative


Add -er for the comparative
tall taller tallest
and -est for the superlative. If
the adjective has a consonant + fat fatter fattest
single vowel + consonant big bigger biggest
spelling, the final consonant
must be doubled before adding sad sadder saddest
the ending.
ESSENTIAL GRAMMAR 2
C. Forming Regular Comparatives and Superlatives
Two Syllables Adjectives Adjective Comparative Superlative
Adjectives with two syllables can happy happier happiest
form the comparative either by
simple simpler simplest
adding -er or by preceding the
adjective with more. These busy busier busiest
adjectives form the superlative tilted more tilted most tilted
either by adding -est or by tangled more tangled most tangled
preceding the adjective with most.
For adjectives ending in y, change
Note:
the y to i before adding the ending. If you are not sure whether a two-syllable adjective can take a
comparative or superlative ending, play it safe and use more
and most instead
ESSENTIAL GRAMMAR 2
C. Forming Regular Comparatives and Superlatives

Three or More Syllables Adjectives

Adjectives with three or more


Adjective Comparative Superlative
syllables form the comparative by
putting more in front of the
important more important most
adjective, and the superlative by important
putting most in front.
expensive more expensive most
expensive
ESSENTIAL GRAMMAR 2
C. Forming Regular Comparatives and Superlatives
Irregular Comparatives and Superlatives Adjectives
Adjective Comparative Superlative
The following common adjectives
have completely irregular good better best

comparative and superlative forms. bad worse worst

little less least

much more most

far further / farther furthest / farthest

Note:
Much, a lot f, far, a little/ a little bit often modify comparative adjectives.
For example: The manager’s room is much larger than my working booth.
Source: Dean Alexander/Flickr.com
Source: Geralt/Pixabay.com