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INTRO

TO
DEBATE
ENGLISH DEBATE GUIDELINE
(AUSTRALIAN AND ASIAN PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM)

Compiled by Enita
GETTING TO KNOW DEBATING
 Debating is a clash of argumentations
between the Government team and
Opposition team
 Everything starts from the word “motion”
 Competitive debating aims to simulate a
living, breathing parliamentary debate
 The soul of debating is to argue on policies,
or propositions of thought; good or bad,
effective or not effective, useful or useless
AUSTRAL-ASIAN PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM

 4 preliminary rounds
 4 knock out rounds
 7 .20 min (asian) substantive speech, 8.20
(austral)
 5 minute reply speech
 30 minute case building time
 POI only for Asian
A DEBATE IS JUDGED ON THE BASIS OF:

 1. Matter:
 What you present (i.e. the

content)
 2. Manner:
 How you present (i.e. the style)

 3. Method:
 Organisation/ structure of your

presentation
MAP OF CHRONOLOGY
TEAMS’ ROLES: ASIAN/
AUSTRALS
PROPOSITION/GOVERNMENT
PROPOSITION/GOVERNMENT OPPOSITION

To support the motion which  To negate the motion which


involves: involves:
 Defining the motion,  Responding to the
 Constructing a positive Government's definition,
case in favor of the  Constructing a case in
motion, opposition to the motion,
 Providing substantive  Providing substantive
materials and arguments material and arguments
in support of the case, in support of the
 Responding to any (opposition) case,
challenges made to that  Responding to the
case by the Opposition. arguments delivered by
the Government.
RULES
RULES OF
OF DEFINITION
DEFINITION
Characteristics of a Proper Definition:

 It must bear a close relation to the motion.


 It must not be truistic.
 It must not employ time or place setting.
 It must not be based on overly specific knowledge

Kinds of
Definitions:
• Literal with key-words definition.
• Metaphorical definition.
• Issue based &/or specified definition
(different from time-place setting).
KEYWORDS TO COMPREHEND
 Motion
 Definition
 Background case (optional) –GOV-
 Team split
 Argument
 Rebuttal
MOTION

 Is the topic, a full propositional statement


that states what the debate is/shall be about
 Usually proposes a policy, against the status
quo, or affirming the virtue (goodness) of a
state or condition
 A government team must defend the motion,
and an opposition team must negate the
motion
DEFINITION
 Is a need to clarify what the debate is
specifically about, per keyword of motion if
necessary.
 Scopes down a motion; to achieve a mutual
agreement among both teams on the
interpretation of the motion thus the entry
point for a debate -> “room of debate”.
 A Government team holds the right to
determine and offer the definition of a
debate, while the opposition can accept,
broaden or challenge the provided definition
Give overall
BACKGROUND background case behind motion.
CASE (OPTIONAL) –GOV-

 Find the actual fact which support your case


 Theme line/ Set Up
 The main reason why a motion is defended or
opposed
 Core argument of a team
 Should be elaborated throughly
 Burden of proof
TEAM SPLIT

 Division of argument in a team


 It helps to make a team organized
 It makes sure that the argument is correctly
sustained
ARGUMENT

 points of view that supports the team stance


(support/refute)
 Logical and thoroughly explained
 Structure (the AREL theory)
 Assertion
 Reasoning
 Evidence/Example
 LinkBack  Pool of arguments should be evenly
and strategically spread between the 1st and 2nd
speakers.
 Arguments should be consistent within the
team’s main stance (theme/team line).
REBUTTAL

 Responses on your opponent’s arguments


 It’s not as simple as “accusing” things
 Simply saying your opposition’s arguments
are inferior does not constitute a good
rebuttal
 Rebuttals must logically explain and analyze
the weaknesses of an argument
ROLE OF SPEAKERS
 1st : Lays out the basic fundaments of the team’s case,
including elementary argumentations
 2nd : Continues the case by responding, rebuild the case and
provide continuity analysis of argumentations
 3rd : Reviews the overall case of opponent and provide a more
thorough ballistics of response to argument. No new matter!
 Reply : Provide an overview of the debate and why their
team deserves the debate

 Reply speaker
 Providing the summary or the overview of the debate.
 Identifying the issues raised by both sides.
 Providing a bias adjudication of the debate.
 Definitional challenge
 Opposition may challenge the definition of
government if it is included into prohibited
definition (truism, tautological, squirreling, and
time/place set unfairly).
 When challenging definition, opposition must:
 Say that they challenge the definition
 Provide the reason
 Provide alternative definition
 Respond to the government case (using ‘even if’
rebuttal).
 REMEMBER, IT IS VERY RISKFULL !! SO BE
CAREFULL.
POI PINT OF INFORMATION (ASIAN)
 Starts after the fist knock
 You may deliver POI max in 15 seconds
 Give clear and head shot POI
 A POI can be in a question or statement form and should not take more
than 15 seconds.
 Each speaker should accept at least two POIs.
 All three members of the team should try to give POIs, but they must not
be disruptive.
 POIs are judged on the basis of:
 the threat they pose to the strength of the argument of the debater.
 value of its wit and humor.
 Responses to the POIs are judged on the basis of:
 promptness and confidence in answering.
 strength of the response.
 value of wit and humor in the response.
QUESTION ?