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ADIKSI

DR. SUCI RAYAN SARI


NAPZA
Trulty 03/08/2018

CLASSIFICATION OF NAPZA
3

• Amphetamin, metfetamine
• Cocaine
CNS stimulant • Cafein,
• nicotine

• Morphin, Codein, Heroin , Dextromethorphan.


• Benzodiazepines,
CNS depressant • Barbiturat
• Ethanol

• Lysergic Acid Diethylamide ( LSD)


• Cannabis ( Ganja, hashis)
Hallucinogens • Ketamin
HOW TO DETECT SUBSTANCE
RELATIVE DRUG DETECTION TIMES IN BIOLOGIC
SPECIMENS
URINARY TEST

• MUDAH
• MURAH
• CEPAT
UDT

Confirm by asessment

DIAGNOSE
INTERPRETATION OF UDT RESULT

Patients has Patient has not


taken drug taken drug
UDT positive
result True positive False positive

UDT negative
False negative True negative
result
INTERFERING DRUGS IN IMMUNOASSAY
SCREENING TESTS

(Riahi, 2014)
ADIKSI
•PRIMARY BRAIN DISEASE
•RELAPSING BRAIN DISEASE
ETIOLOGI SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER (SUD)

SUBSTAN
CE

ENVIRONTME
INDIVIDU NT
ETIOLOGI SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER (2)

BIOLOGI

PSIKOLOGI

SOSIO-KULTUR-
SPIRITUAL
APA AKIBAT…….

Mengapa terjadi adiksi?

habituasi
• dosis obat • Ketergantung
harus terus di • Ketergantungan an fisik
naikkan psikis • Obat stop 
sakaw

toleransi Adiksi

8/3/2018 Truly – efek narkoba 14


TINGKAT PENGGUNAAN NAPZA

1. Experimental use
2. Social/recreational
use

3. Situational use

4. Abuse
5. Dependence/addiction
TAHAPAN PERUBAHAN

PREKONTEMPLASI

KONTEMPLASI

PREPARASI

ACTION

MAINTENANCE
PERAN NAKES DALAM PENANGGULANGAN ADIKSI

• DETEKSI DINI
• TERAPI ADIKSI --MINIMAL KONSELING ADIKSI