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HAPPINESS IN ISLAM: CONCEPTUALISATION & OPERATIONALISATION
HAPPINESS IN ISLAM:
CONCEPTUALISATION & OPERATIONALISATION
BY ALI YOUSSEF ALSEHEEL Supervisors: Prof. Noraini Mohd. Noor Dr. Jusmawati Fauzaman
BY
ALI YOUSSEF ALSEHEEL
Supervisors:
Prof. Noraini Mohd. Noor
Dr. Jusmawati Fauzaman
Introduction Why Happiness? Fundamental concern & top aspiration for most people. Philosophers and religions believe that
Introduction
Why Happiness?
Fundamental concern & top aspiration for most people.
Philosophers and religions believe that it is central to
human existence.
Philosophers: it is the ultimate virtue in everything
humans do.
Islam: one of the ultimate objective of the religion
(ةعيرشلا دصاقم - maqāsid al-sharī'ah)
Past empirical inquiries: associated with many
desirable qualities, such as success and health.
Statement Of The Problem Gap of research? What is happiness? What is healthy, desirable, valuable, meaningful,
Statement Of The Problem
Gap of research?
What is happiness? What is healthy, desirable,
valuable, meaningful, & worthwhile
Not neutral, shaped by cultural factors,
such as norms, ideologies, & ethical values.
Criticised the dominant unilateral Western
view, inspired by Greek or religious
traditions, and its generalisation
May contradicts Islamic principle
Given the topic importance + it is culture sensitive Scarcity of research This research undertaken: a
Given the topic importance + it is
culture sensitive
Scarcity of research
This research undertaken: a mixed method
Qualitative study: its
determinants in the
Quantitative study:
measure of happiness
Qur’an
Conceptualisation
Operationalisation
Indigenous understanding of happiness
from an Islamic perspective
Research Questions
Research Questions
•Drawing on the Holy Qur’an (as the primary source of guidance in Islam), How is human
•Drawing on the Holy Qur’an (as the
primary source of guidance in Islam),
How is human happiness defined
within an Islamic perspective?
•Drawing on the Qur’anic attributes
for human happiness identified in (1),
How can happiness be measured?
Research Objectives
Research Objectives
• To formulate a conceptual definition of human happiness derived from Qur’anic literature addressing this notion.
• To formulate a conceptual definition
of human happiness derived from
Qur’anic literature addressing this
notion.
• To formulate an operational
definition of human happiness
derived from the Qur’anic attributes
of this notion.
Literature Review Historical, theoretical, and empirical bases of happiness Religion and its relation to human happiness
Literature Review
Historical,
theoretical, and
empirical bases
of happiness
Religion and its
relation to
human
happiness
Conceptualisations
&
operationalisations
Happiness in Islam
of human
happiness
Literature Review
Literature Review

Throughout history

• the meaning of happiness has been shaped by many cultural and ideological factors.
• the meaning of happiness has
been shaped by many cultural and
ideological factors.

For example

Therefore

However

• the question of happiness requires normative values: what is good or bad for human beings?
• the question of happiness requires
normative values: what is good or
bad for human beings?
• the question of happiness rooted in worldview or religion.
• the question of happiness rooted
in worldview or religion.
• current knowledge is ideologically secularised that may portray a distorted picture of human happiness.
• current knowledge is ideologically
secularised that may portray a
distorted picture of human
happiness.
Literature Review
Literature Review

Indigenous Islamic understanding of

happiness is needed

for Muslim

Literature Review Understanding Happiness Conceptual Operational Definition Definition
Literature Review
Understanding
Happiness
Conceptual
Operational
Definition
Definition

Attributes

Determinants

Components

Literature Review Understanding Happiness Conceptual Operational Definition Definition • Attributes • Determinants • Components • Items

Items

Methods Study 1 Study 2 Study 3 Study 4 Construct Items Validation Objective Pilot Testing Conceptualisation
Methods
Study 1
Study 2
Study 3
Study 4
Construct
Items
Validation
Objective
Pilot Testing
Conceptualisation
Generation
testing
Dictionaries &
Indexes Search.
Keywords-in-
context data
Test
Test
administra
analysis (KWIC)
Within-case and
between-case
administration
tion
Converting
Feedback
Reliability
attributes
obtaining
analyses.
Methods
to items.
literature
Internal
Validity
Expert
analyses.
Data extracts
generation
Extracts coding.
Concept analysis.
consistencies/
analyses.
review.
reliability
Factor
analyses
analyses
Regression
analyses
Thematic analysis
Methods
Methods
 

Study 1

Study 2

Study 3

Study 4

 

Construct

Items

Pilot

Validation

Objective

Conceptualisation

Generation

Testing

testing

       

Reliable &

valid

Outcomes

Dimensions &

attributes of

happiness in the

Qur’an

Initial pool

of Item

(280-item)

Refined

Items

(153-item)

measure of

Qur’anic-

based

happiness

(MQBH)

Summary of the findings
Summary of the findings

Objective

 

Finding

Conceptual definition

 

affective and cognitive well-being, accompanied by divinely guided and bestowed worldly situational well- being, which emerge from the pursuit of faith and spiritual deeds derived from the guidance of Islam

 

Spiritual Pursuits, Attainments, &

Operational definition

Allah-Consciousness Beliefs & Spiritual Experiences

Religious Struggles

 

Positive Emotions

Negative Emotions

Other key findings
Other key findings

Happiness in Islam is multidimensional in nature.

Allah-consciousness or taqwa unique to Islam (a key contributor to and predictor of Muslims’

happiness).

Islam plays a positive role in Muslims’ lives (prosocial behaviours, experiencing positive emotions, such as a sense of contentment,

security, harmony).

Implications.

Thank You