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20 & 21 April 2015 Monday & Tuesday

The Magellan Sutera, Sutera Harbour Resort, Kota Kinabalu

“INDUSTRIALISING SABAH THROUGH BIOECONOMY”

Datuk Dr. Pang Teck Wai & Dr. Lee Ming Tong
PRESENTATION OUTLINE

 Introduction

 Sabah Economic Development Agenda

 Bio-resources in Sabah for Economic Development

 POIC Lahad Datu: Industrialisation for Bio-Based


Economy Development

 Concluding Remarks
INTRODUCTION

 Bio-based economy potential in Sabah

 How to realise the bio-based economy in Sabah


SABAH ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STATUS (2014)

GDP Value
Economic Activities (RM’ Million) Percentage %

Agriculture 9,411 20.6


Mining & Quarrying 9,345 20.4
Manufacturing 3,605 7.9
Construction 1,107 2.4
Service 22,134 48.3
Import Duties 184 0.4
Total 45,791 100.0
Source: Department of Statistics Malaysia, Sabah (2014)
SABAH INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 2015 & 2035

40%
Sabah 35%
35%
Malaysia
30%
25%
25%
GDP

20%

15%
< 10%
10%

5%

0%
2015 2035

• Industrialising Sabah, a key development agenda of State government


• No economy can be developed by-passing industrialisaton
SABAH, MALAYSIA: RICH IN BIORESOURCES

• Vast Land Area (73,620 km2)


(Agriculture/Forestry)
• Long Coastline (1,743 km)
(Aquaculture)

Abundant Bio-feedstock

Development of Bioeconomy
through Industrial Biotechnology
LAND USE IN SABAH (2014)

Land Use (000’ ha) %


National Forests & State Land 4,196 57.0
Plantation Forest 239 3.2
Oil Palm Plantations 1,522 21.7
Rubber Holdings 110 1.5
Rice Fields 38 0.5
Coconut Farms 17 0.2
Cocoa Holdings 5 0.1
Other Crops 27 0.4
Other Land Uses 1208 16.4
Total 7,362 100.0

Source: Department of Statistics Malaysia, Sabah (2014)


OIL PALM INDUSTRY IN SABAH, MALAYSIA (2014)
Sabah Malaysia
Oil Palm Planted Area
1.51 (28 %)* 5.39
(Million Ha)

Palm Oil Mill


127 (28.9%) 439
(No.)

Palm Oil Refineries


12 (22.2%) 54
(No.)

Palm Kernel Crushers


13 (29.5%) 44
(No.)

Oleochemical Plants 0 (0%) 17

Crude Palm Oil Production


6.05 (30.8%) 19.67
(Million Tonnes)

Crude Palm Kernel Oil


0.627 (27.5%) 2.28
Production (Mil. Tonnes)

Potential palm-based biomass


28 (35%) 80
(Million Dry Tonnes)
* Figure in parenthesis denote % national total
Source: Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) Website, 2015 Statistics
BASIC RAW MATERIALS FROM OIL PALM TREE

Palm Oil Tree


Fronds

Fresh Fruit
Bunches
Trunks

Milling Process
Biomass

Crude Palm Oil


Palm Kernel Oil
Empty Fruit Palm Kernel
Bunches (EFB) Shells (PKS)

Mesocarp Fiber Palm Oil Mill


(MF) Effluent
(POME)
OIL PALM BIOMASS RESOURCES IN SABAH

Biomass Type Mil. Dry Tonnes/Year

Oil Palm Fronds 13.8 – 17.3

Oil Palm Trunks 4.2 – 5.3

Empty Fruit Brunches 3.0 – 2.5

Mesocarp Fibres 2.1 – 2.6

Palm Kernel Shells 1.2 – 1.5

Palm Oil Mill Effluent 0.6 – 0.8

TOTAL : 24.9 – 30.0


VALUE ADDING OPPORTUNITIES IN PALM-BASED
BIOMASS DOWNSTREAM INDUSTRIES
Feedstocks Currently Downstream Opportunities
Underutilised
Oil Palm Fronds

Bio-Pellets Bio-Fuels Bio-Ethanol Bio-Based


Chemicals
16.4 million dry tonnes
Current Focus at
Oil Palm Trunks POIC Lahad
Datu:
Wood Plastic • Bio-refinery
Composite
Furniture from Oil Palm Lumber Plywood
• Bio-fuels
4.5 million dry tonnes
• Bio-chemicals
Empty Fruit
Bunches
• Bio-pellets
Particle Board / Molded
Particle Board MDF Pulp & paper Finished Paper
Products

2.3 million dry tonnes

Compost/fertilizer Fibre
Animal Feed from Oil Palm Fronds
VALUE ADDING OPPORTUNITIES IN PALM-BASED
BIOMASS DOWNSTREAM INDUSTRIES
Products Currently Exported Downstream Opportunities

• Crude Palm Oil FOODS PHYTONUTRIENTS OLEO-CHEMICALS BIO-REFINERY


• Refined Palm Oil  Cooking Oil  Carotenes  Methyl Ester  Bio-chemicals
• Palm Olein  Shortening  Tocols (Vitamin E)  Personal Care (petroleum
• Palm Stearin
• Refined Palm  Margarine  Co-enzyme Q10 Products substitutes)
Kernel Oil  Vanaspati  Squalene  Cosmetics
• Crude Palm
 Confectionary  Phytostrols  Plastics
Kernel Oil
 Bakery Fats  Lecithin  Textile Processing
 Ice cream  Metal Processing
 Cocoa butter  Lubricants
• Palm Kernel Olein alternatives  Emulsifiers
• Palm Kernel  Specialty fats  Soap
Stearing
 Noodles  Degreasing
 Confectionary fats Compound
 Coffee Whitener/  Protective
Creamer Coatings
 Filled Milk  Explosives
VALUE ADDITION TO PALM-BASED BIOMASS PRODUCTS

Bio-chemicals

Bio-ethanol

Wood products

Pellets

Bio-energy

Animal feed

fertilizer

0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000

Value (RM/tonne dry biomass)


Source: Agensi Inovasi Malaysia (AIM), 2013.
VALUE ADDITION TO PALM OIL INDUSTRY

RM / MT
11,000 – 15,000

5,000 – 8,000

3,500 – 5,000

2,300
500

Source : Malaysian Biotechnology Corporation 2014


POTENTIAL IMPACT OF PALM BASED BIOCHEMICAL
INDUSTRIES INVESTMENT ON SABAH ECONOMY

Total quantity Max unit value Total value


Feedstock source (Mil. tonnes per (RM/tonne per (RM billion per
year) year) year)

Palm-based
30 3,400 102 billion
biomass

Palm oil 6.5 15,000 97.5 billion

• At 1% contribution to investment share


FDI = RM2 billion per year: sufficient to effect industrial shift
Sabah’s economy
COASTAL BIORESOURCES IN SABAH

• Total coastal length in Sabah: 1,743 km (longest in Malaysia)

• Lahad Datu marine fishing area: 3,700 sq. km.

• Abundant natural fishing reefs

• Existing fishing villages and aquaculture investors

• Proposed location of National Aquaculture

• Key Strategic Partners : Biotech Corporation Malaysia &


Fisheries Department Sabah
POIC LAHAD DATU: STRATEGIC LOCATED WITH INSTALLED INFRASTRUCTURE TO
ACCELERATE THE AQUACULTURE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN LAHAD DATU
POIC LAHAD DATU, SABAH

Background:
• Set-up in January 2005 under POIC Sabah Sdn Bhd.
• Wholly owned by Sabah Government of Sabah under the purview of Ministry of
Industrial Development (MID).
• As the first comprehensive developed (infrastructure) palm oil industrial cluster in
the world.
• Project development : 4,400 acres of integrated Industrial complex designed to
cater for light, medium and heavy industries.

Objectives:
• To value add to palm oil and palm biomass.
• Development of related and other industries.
• Creating job and investment opportunities.
POIC LAHAD DATU: LOCATED AT THE CENTRE OF OIL PALM
GROWING BELT IN SABAH

Availability of raw materials:


At the vicinity of :
• 1.51 million hectares oil palm
plantations
• 124 crude palm oil mills
• 14 palm oil refineries

Easy access to :
• 6.05 million tonnes of Crude Palm Oil
• 28 million dry tonnes of palm-based
biomass for downstream activities
NATURAL DEEP SEA PORT & LARGE INDUSTRIAL LAND BANK

PHASE 2
PHASE 1
PHASE 3

 Deep & sheltered harbour ~ depth up to over 20-metres


 20,000 acres of land bank along the coast line
PORT & INDUSTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE AT POIC LAHAD DATU

Piperacks Liquid Bulk Terminal

Interchange Dry Bulk Terminal

Container Terminal
Electricity Ready by 2017

Water Bulking Facilities


POIC LAHAD DATU INDUSTRIALISING SABAH THROUGH
INDUSTRIAL CLUSTERING CONCEPT
HOTEL & HOSPITALITY PORT &
PORT HANDLERS LOGISTICS
/OPERATORS CLUSTER
FOOD
BULKERS
PALM OIL BASED
REFINERIES INDUSTRY FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
NUTRA- SMI
CPO CEUTICAL LAND DEVELOPERS
CLUSTER
MILLS INDUSTRY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS
OIL PALM OLEO-
OIL PALM CHEMICALS TRANSPORTATION COMPANIES
PLANTATIONS INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRY HALAL
MACHINERY EQUIPMENT COMPANIES
CLUSTER CLUSTER
REAL ESTATE COMPANIES

BIOFUELS HALAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURERS


INDUSTRY
FERTILIZERS RESEARCH INSTITUTES BIO-
BIO BIOPELLET TECHNOLOGY
REFINERY INDUSTRY GOVERNMENT & RELATED AGENCIES CLUSTER
ENERGY SUPPLIERS
WAREHOUSES
PACKAGING
AQUA/AGRO
INDUSTRIAL
BUILDING MATERIALS & CLUSTER
CONSTRUCTION
Oil Palm Industrial Cluster, OIL & GAS
Aquaculture Industrial CLUSTER

Cluster and Other Clusters


AQUACULTURE INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER

AQUA BROOD STOCKS AND HATCHERIES


FRESH
AQUA FEED SUPPLIERS
SEAFOOD
INDUSTRY
AQUA FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS

SEA WATER TREATMENT, SUPPLY & SERVICES


CUCUMBER PROCESSED
CULTURE SEAFOOD AQUA-HEALTH TREATMENTS,
FISH INDUSTRY SUPPLY &SERVICES
CULTURE SEAWEED
CULTURE R&D INSTITUTION

AQUACULTURE AQUACULTURE TECHNOLOGY


PRODUCTION AQUA-BASED PROVIDERS
CRUSTACEANS COSMETIC
INDUSTRY CULTURE PRODUCT
PROCESSING FACILITIES
INDUSTRY
OTHER
AQUA- FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
CULTURE
MOLLUSCA
CULTURE COLD STORAGE & PACKAGING
AQUA-BASED
HEALTH TRANSPORTATION COMPANIES
PRODUCT
INDUSTRY GOVERNMENT & RELATED AGENCIES
POIC LAHAD DATU: STRATEGY TO DEVELOP BIO-BASED
ECONOMY IN SABAH

BIO-BASED ECONOMY

Oil Palm Cluster Halal Cluster Biotechnology Cluster

Palm Oil Palm Biomass Oil Palm Based • Aquaculture


• Fish
• Foods • Fertilisers • Foods • Others
• Phytonutrients • Animal Feeds • Phytonutrients
• Oleo-chemicals • Bio-energy
• Biorefininery • Wood Products
• Bio-ethanol
• Bio-chemical
POIC LAHAD DATU: LAND DEVELOPMENT
MASTERPLAN
Bio-refinery

Phase 2 Phase 3A
POLICY SUPPORT: LEAP FROG THE
BIO-BASED ECONOMY

Needs:

• Basic infrastructural development

• E.g. of Specialty infrastructure: canning, cold


storage, packing, processing, handling facilities
CONCLUDING REMARKS

• Sabah is rich in land (oil palm) and sea bio-resources for bio-based
economy development amounting to as high as several hundred
billion Ringgit Malaysia per year.

• POIC Lahad Datu’s industrialization model is tailored made to realise


the bio-based economy development in Sabah.

• Developing bio-based economy is a necessary condition towards


transforming Sabah into developed economy.

• FDI is critical in developing Sabah’s bio-based economy.

• Appropriate policy support to accelerate the potential of bio-based


economy development in Sabah.
www.poic.com.my

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