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DEMAND & SUPPLY SCENARIO OF

POWER & NON-CONVENTIONAL


ENERGY SOURCES IN
WEST BENGAL.

1
FUNCTIONS OF POWER & NES DEPT.
 To evolve general policies and programme including Perspective Planning
of power sector to exercise control over generation & distribution of
electricity for general well being of the people.
 Administration of electricity act 2003 including rules & regulations
through West Bengal Electricity Regulatory Commission and utilities.
 Monitoring and co-ordination of activities of various power utilities.
 Liaison with Ministry of Power, Govt. of India, Central Electricity
Authority, REC and other concerned Government Department.
 Appointment of Chairman and members of West Bengal Electricity
Regularity Commission.
 Rural Electrification programme.
 Development and monitor, establishment of different forms of non-
conventional (renewal sources).

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GENERATION
Power Generation in the State consists of : -
Area of Generation Agency Responsible

1. West Bengal Power Development Corporation


Limited. (State Utility)

2. Durgapur Projects Limited (State Utility)


Thermal Power
3. National Thermal Power Corporation.
(Central Sector Undertaking)

4. Damodar Valley Corporation. (Corporation)

5. Calcutta Electric Supply Company.


(Private Company)
Contd 3
Generation
Area of Generation Agency Responsible

1. West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited


(State Utility)
Hydro Power 2. National Hydro Thermal Power Corporation
(Central Sector Undertaking)

Area of Generation Agency Responsible

Renewable Energy 1. West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency


(Solar, Wind, Biogas, (State Agency)
& Biomass etc.)
2. West Bengal Green Energy Development Company limited
(State Utility)

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GENERATION CAPACITY
THERMAL GENERATION
Sl. Agency Power Station Capacity
No. (in MW)
1. West Bengal • Kolaghat Thermal Power 1260
Power Station
Development •Bakreswar Thermal Power 1050
Corporation Station
Limited. •Bandel Thermal Power 450
Station
•Santaldih Thermal Power 500
Station
• Sagardighi Thermal Power 600
Station
Contd 5
Generation Capacity
Thermal Genaration
Sl. Agency Power Station Capacity
No. (in MW)
2. Durgapur Durgapur Power Station 641
Projects
Limited
3. Damodar • Mejia Thermal Power 2340
Valley Station
Corporation. • Durgapur Thermal Power 350
Station
• Durgapur steel Thermal 1000
Power Station

Contd 6
GENERATION CAPACITY
HYDRO GENERATION (WBSEDCL & NHPC)

Sl. Agency Power Station Capacity


No. (in MW)
West Bengal State • Purulia Pumped Storage Project (PPSP)
1. 900
Electricity •Jaldhaka H E P (Stage-I & II) 44
Distribution
Company Limited • Rammam Stage-II H E P 51
• Teesta Canal Fall HEP (PS-I,II,III) 67.5
• Sidrapong SHP 0.6
• Fazi SHP 2.448
• Little Rangit SHP 2.0
• Mungpoo - Kalikhola SHP 3.0
• Rinchington SHP 2.0
• Massanjore SHP 4.0

2. National Hydro •Teesta Low Dam Project Stage –III 132


Thermal Power
•Teesta Low Dam Project Stage –IV 160
Corporation.
Contd 7
GENERATION CAPACITY
RENEWABLE ENERGY
Sl. Agency Power Station Capacity
No.

1. West Bengal Renewable Frasergunje wind 2 MW


Energy Development power.
Agency
Solar Roof-top
1375 KW
Power Projects
2. West Bengal Green Energy • Jamuria 2 MW
Development Company • Durgapur 5 MW
limited

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TRANSMISSION
The transmission system in the State primarily
owned, maintained & operated by WBSETCL.
As on December, 2013.

 High Voltage Transmission Line Length- 11445


Circuit Kilo-meter.
 Transformation capacity- 21670 MVA.

 System availability – over 99%.

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DISTRIBUTION

The State distribution Utility WBSEDCL is


primarily engaged in :-
 Distribution of Power
 Rural Electrification
 Hydro Generation.

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POWER DISTRIBUTION BY WBSEDCL

Distribution network.
 HT (33 & 11 KV ) Lines – 172938 KM.

 LT (400 & 230 V) Lines – 425050 KM.

 Distribution Transformers – 179935 Numbers

 Transformation Capacity – 787405 MVA.

Consumers.
 Total Consumers – 1.33 Crores (as on December, 2013)

 Customer Care Centres – 477 Nos.


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POWER DISTRIBUTION BY DPL

Distribution network.
 HT (33 & 11 KV ) Lines – 426 Circuit Kilo-metre

 LT (400 & 230 V) Lines – 950 Circuit Kilo-metre

 Distribution Transformers – 474.27 MVA

Consumers.
 Total Consumers – 49346 Nos.

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RURAL ELECTRIFICATION BY WBSEDCL

Intensive Rural Electrification is carried


out in all the eighteen Districts of the
State. Both centrally sponsored and
state financed schemes are under
implementation.

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Sl. Nature of Scheme Name of the Scheme No. of
No. Districts
covered
1. Central Scheme Rajib Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran 13
Yojona (RGGVY) – X th Plan.
Central Scheme Rajib Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran 14
Yojona (RGGVY) – XI th Plan.
Central Scheme Rajib Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran 7
Yojona (RGGVY) – XII th Plan.
(Scheme approved , implementation to
commence soon).
2. Central Scheme Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF) 11

3. State financed. Rural House holds Electrification 4


(West Bengal Rural
Household Electricity Rural House holds Electrification 18
Programme (WBREP) (Supplimentary)
Rural House holds Electrification 2
(Balance)
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URBAN ELECTRIFICATION
Sl. Nature of Scheme Name of the Scheme No. of Towns
No. covered
1. Centrally funded Restructured Accelerated Power 57
Development and Reforms
Programme (R-APDRP)

Objective of the Scheme : -


• Information Technology Support.
•Aggregated Technical & Commercial Losses (AT&C Losses).
• Improve Revenue Collection.
•Physical Augmentation of the existing System.

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STATE LOAD DESPATCH CENTRE (SLDC)

 State Load Despatch Centre (SLDC) was established by


Government of West Bengal in line with E(S) Act 2003 in
2006.
 Apex body to ensure real time integrated operation of State
Electrical Power System.
 Responsible for (a) optimum scheduling and despatching
of electricity (b) Monitoring the State Grid to ensure
reliability, system security and economy (c) State Level
Energy Accounting and operation of State UI.
 A maximum demand of 6734 MW including CESC was
served by SLDC in the year 2012-13.
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GRID OPERATION

System network designed for


System Frequency – 50 Cycles/ Seconds.
More Load f – 49 C/S
More
Load balance f – 50
Generation C/S

Less Load f- 51 C/S


Less

SLDC operator maintain load generation balance through


instruction of generation up/down to Generators & Load in / Load
shedding to Distributors. 17
GRID MANAGEMENT HIREARCHY
POSCO (Central Agency ), C.T.U. National Load Despatch Centre Control
NLDC all Regional Grids at National Level

Regional Load Despatch Centre Control


RLDC Regional Network.

WBSETCL (S.T.U.) State Load Despatch Centre Control


SLDC State rid Network.

ALDC-II ALDC-III
ALDC-I
Generator-I
Load Centre-I

Generator-II Load Centre-II

Generator-III Load Centre-III


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DEMAND SUPPLY SCENARIO
Ever rising Demand of Electricity :
Year 2012-13
Met From
 Own Generation
 Private Generation
 Central Sector Allocation
 Import / Export
 Independent Power Producer / Captive Power Producer
(IPP/CPP).
A typical day Demand Supply Scenario (On 22.03.2013):

Demand
Peak Demand Met - 6734 MW
Contd 19
DEMAND SUPPLY SCENARIO
Supply
Own Generation:
 WBPDCL - 2785 MW
 DPL - 328 MW
 WBSEDCL(Hydro) - 481 MW
Total - 3594 MW
Private Generation:
 CESC - 1084 MW
Contd

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DEMAND SUPPLY SCENARIO

Central Sector Allocation:


 NTPC/ NHPC/ DVC - 698 MW
Import/ Export : - (+)1174 MW
IPP/CPP : - 184 MW
 Grand Total - 6734 MW
 Average Day Demand (2012-13) - 6308 MW
 Average Day Consumption - 121 MUs

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ELECTRICITY REGULATORY COMMISSION
(ERC)
Function
1.Determination & Notification of Tariff for
 Generation Tariff

Transmission Tariff

Distribution Tariff

Applicable to Industry, Agricultural Sector as


well as Household Consumers
Contd
22
ELECTRICITY REGULATORY COMMISSION (ERC)

2. Approval of Tariff for Power Purchase


Agreement (PPA) applicable for
New Generating Station
Power Procurement

3. Ensure Quality of power supplied to the


Consumers
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WEST BENGAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
DEVELOPMENT AGENCY
Primary Renewable Sources:-
1) .Solar 2). Wind. 3). Bio-mass. 4). Bio-gas.
5). Tidal wave.
[A]. Solar Energy Projects:-
(I) Power Generation
 Ground based MW Scale Solar PV Project

 Ground based Small Capacity ( KW range)


Project
 Solar PV Roof-top Project. Contd 24
WEST BENGAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

(II). Lighting.
 Solar PV based Household electrification
 Solar PV based Street light Project.
 Solar lantern.

[B]. Wind Energy Project.


 Wind Turbine type Power Project.

Contd

25
WEST BENGAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
DEVELOPMENT AGENCY
[C]. Bio-gas / Bio-mass Project.
Use of Bio- degradable material (wood, husk
feed
stock etc.)
 Power Generation
 Cooking Gas.

[D]. Tidal Project


Use of Tidal wave energy for Power Generation
26
MAJOR COMPLETED PROJECTS

 Solar PV Power Project- 7 MW.


 Solar PV based Roof top & small project –
1375 KW.
 Wind Power Project – 2 MW.

 Large number of Solar PV based Home


lighting, Street lighting & Bio-gas/ Bio-
mass Projects.

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VISION
 To create sufficient redundancy in the system.
 To aggressively promote energy generation from
hydro, solar and other alternative energy sources.
 Intensify use of IT tools for system monitoring
and control.
 To reduce AT&C (Aggregate Transmission &
Commercial ) losses.
 To provide reliable and un-interrupted supply of
quality power to customers in all sectors.
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