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An Integrated geomechanical and

Passive Sand-Control Approach to


Minimizing Sanding Risk From
Openhole and Cased-and-Peforated
Wells
Group 1
Nguyễn Hoàng Phương 31202852
Thành

Thiên
Bảo Lộc
Contents
• Introduction
• Stress concentration
• Sand failure criterions
• Sanding evaluation workflow ????
• Case study
The scope of research inestigation
• 11 gas wells in south Asia and several years of
production experience

• Rock-failure criterion takes place at the


wellbore or perforation walls.
The main purpose of this research
• Provide engineers with guidelines to
understand the principles and overall
workflow involved in sand-production
prediction and minimization of sand-
production risk by optimizing well trajectory,
perforation orientation, and selective-
perforation strategy
Introduction
• Nowadays, sand-production prediction is
becoming as an integral part of overall field
development to see whether sand-production
is a big issue over the life of the field, and
depending on its time and severity, what type
of sand-control measures and sand-
management strategy will cost effective for
the field.
The benefits of Sand-Control
• The unconsolidated reservoir sands
often/must require sand-production
prediction from the beginning of production
phase.
• Sand-production prediction study provides
much benefit for reservoirs having sandstones
of weak-to-intermediate strength of rock.
Stress Concentration around hole
• Given the far field stresses on a plane
perpendicular to the axis of a hole, S1>S2

   x   y  2*( x   y )*cos 2  Pw  A*( Pp  Pw)  4* xy *sin 2


Stress Concentration around hole
• S1>S2

  max  3* x   y  Pw *(1  A)  A * Pp

  min  3* y   x  Pw *(1  A)  A * Pp

   x   y  2*( x   y )*cos 2  Pw  A*( Pp  Pw)  4* xy *sin 2


Parameters affect control sand-
production
• Well trajectory

• Drawdown
• Perforation orientation
• Perforation intervals
Thick-wall-cylinder Test
• TWC: thick-wall-cylinder
UCS test
Thick wall cylinder test (TWC)
The physical meaning of TWC test
• The external-wall-failure pressures correspond
to the perforation-failure condition that could
cause continuous sand production
• The internal-wall-failure pressures correspond
to the onset of transient sanding.
A General Sand-Failure Criterion
• Sand grains around borehold or a perforation
will disintegrate by shear failure if the
maximum effective tangential compressive
stress exceeds the effective strength of the
formation.

 max e
U  max e
 LF  1
U
The effective formation strength(U)
• Is not measured directly from the labrotary
but through relation with TWC determined in
the labrotary.
U  b f 1.55  TWC
Psi

The Boost factor

Often =2 for cased- Often =1.6 for openhole


perforated well completion

adjusted to match sand failure


evidence during production test or
actual production
Correlations relation to TWC and Sonic
log
Load Factor (LF)

 max e
 LF  1
U
3 1   2  2 pw  A( P0  pw )
 LF  1
3.10* TWC

A
1  2v  
1  v 
  1  Cr / Cb
Critical Bottomhole Flowing Pressure
(CBFP)

3 1   2  2 pw  A( P0  pw )
LF  1
U
3 1   2  U A
 pw  CBFP   p0
(2  A) (2  A)
A
1  2v  
1  v 
  1  Cr / Cb
Critical drawdown Pressure (CDD)

1
CDP  Po  PW  [2 p0  (3S1  S2  U )]
2 A
With : Lf  1
The effect of reservoir-pressure
decline
• The change in vertical stress is negligible.
• The maximum and minimum horizontal stress
are updated as follow:
1  2
h  h  * *( Pc  Pi)   h   h * P
1 
1  2 0.5-0.9
H  H  * *( Pc  Pi)   H   h * P
1 
Where : Pi : current _ reservoir _ pressure
Sanding-evaluation workflow

Very very
important
A Case study : gas field Y
• South Asia region
• 9 gas field were studied, which all have cased-
and-peforated completions with no-sand
control installed.
• On Production from 1996, current time 2006
Building the Geomechanical model

Vertical stress
ELOT to determine least principal stress
Correlations between UCS and sonic
log data
Correlation between TWC and sonic
log data
TWC-strength percentiles
Sanding evaluation
• Adding parameters……..
Types of faulting regime
• Adding later …………
Sanding evaluation for Gas well Y-
11(vertical)
• Maximum horizontal stress direction is the
worst for peforation in terms of vertical well
subject to normal-fauliting regime.
Sanding evaluation for Gas well Y-
11(vertical) -CDD

1
CDP  Po  PW  [2 p0  (3S1  S 2  U )]
2 A
What is the term of “ Sanding
operating envelope “ ?
Sanding evaluation for Gas well Y-11(vertical)
Water production page 10 (PDF)
• It may exacerbate sand production because of
chemical reactions between water and sand
and changes of capillary forces leading to
cohesive-strength reduction.
Sanding evaluation for Y-16 Gas well
Sanding evaluation for Y-16 Gas well-Loading Factor (LF)