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THE IMPACT OF GREENERY AREA

ON HUMAN AND ENVIRONMENT

Alan Taha M.
Rawa Abdulabaqi Rauf
CONTENT
1. WHAT IS GREENERY AREA?
2. ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS OF GREENERY AREA
3. ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF GREENERY AREA
4. LIFESTYLE BENEFITS OF GREENERY AREA
5. TYPES OF GREENERY AREA
6. STANDARD PERCENTAGE OF GREENERY AREA IN THE WORLD
7. PERCENTAGE OF GREENERY AREA IN KURDISTAN
8. CASE STUDY
9. HOW TO INCREASE AND IMPROVE THE GREENERY AREA
WHAT IS GREENERY AREA?
GREENERY AREA IS A PLACE WHICH RECREATIONAL AREAS FOR
RESIDENTS AND HELPS TO ENHANCE THE BEAUTY AND
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY OF NEIGHBOURHOODS.
“people are kinder and more charitable after looking at
nature scenes.”
(Stromberg, 2014)
WHAT ARE THE ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
OF GREENERY AREA?

1. URBAN ADVANTAGES:
MORE GREEN AREA WITHIN A CITY’S BOUNDARIES CAN IMPROVE THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT.

2. WATER QUALITY PROTECTION:


PROPER LANDSCAPING REDUCES NITRATE LEACHING FROM THE SOIL INTO THE WATER SUPPLY AND REDUCES
SURFACE WATER RUNOFF.

3. REDUCED HEAT BUILD-UP:


TREES IN A PARKING LOT CAN REDUCE ON-SITE HEAT BUILD-UP, DECREASE RUNOFF AND ENHANCE NIGHT TIME
COOL DOWNS.

4. REDUCED SOIL EROSION:


A DENSE COVER OF PLANTS AND MULCH HOLDS SOIL IN PLACE, KEEPING SEDIMENT OUT OF LAKES, STREAMS, STORM
DRAINS AND ROADS; AND REDUCING FLOODING, MUDSLIDES AND DUST STORMS.
WHAT ARE THE ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
OF GREENERY AREA?
5. IMPROVED AIR QUALITY:
TREES, SHRUBS AND TURF REMOVE SMOKE, DUST AND OTHER POLLUTANTS FROM THE AIR.
ONE TREE CAN REMOVE 26 POUNDS OF CARBON DIOXIDE FROM THE ATMOSPHERE ANNUALLY,
EQUALING 11,000 MILES OF CAR EMISSIONS.

6. LOWER ATTIC TEMPERATURES:


URBAN FORESTS REDUCE URBAN AIR TEMPERATURES SIGNIFICANTLY BY SHADING HEAT SINKS
SUCH AS BUILDINGS AND CONCRETE AND RETURNING HUMIDITY TO THE AIR THROUGH
EVAPORATIVE COOLING.

7. NATURAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION:


BY USING TREES TO MODIFY TEMPERATURES, THE AMOUNT OF FOSSIL FUELS USED FOR
COOLING AND HEATING IS REDUCED.
What are the Environmental Benefits
of Greenery Area?

8. GREEN ROOFS COOL URBAN HOT SPOTS:


CAN PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN SAVING ENERGY, REDUCING THE URBAN HEAT
ISLAND EFFECT AND ADDING MORE GREEN SPACE TO A BUILT ENVIRONMENT.

9. COOLER SUMMER DAYS:


LAWNS WILL BE 30 DEGREES COOLER THAN ASPHALT AND 14 DEGREES COOLER
THAN BARE SOIL IN THE HEAT OF SUMMER.

10. REDUCED TEMPERATURES


What are the Economic Benefits of Greenery Area?
1. GREEN AREA HELPS DECREASE AIR CONDITIONING COSTS.
2. VIEWS OF PLANTS INCREASE JOB SATISFACTION.
3. NATURE INCREASES WORKER PRODUCTIVITY.
4. QUALITY LANDSCAPING MEANS QUALITY GOODS.
5. EMPLOYMENT AND TOURISM BOOST.
6. INCREASES RETAIL ACTIVITY.
7. PROTECTS DRAINAGE SYSTEMS.
MR. RICHARD LOUV , 2008.

LAST CHILD IN THE WOODS

HOW THE COUNTLESS BENEFIT


NATURAL SPACES HAVE ON CHILDREN
GROWING
What are the Lifestyle Benefits of Greenery Area?

1. LOWER CRIME AND ENHANCED SELF ESTEEM.

2. STRESS REDUCTION.
3. GIRLS & GREENERY: GIRLS EXPOSED TO GREEN SETTINGS ARE
BETTER ABLE TO HANDLE PEER PRESSURE AND OTHER CHALLENGING SITUATIONS AS WELL AS PERFORM BETTER IN
SCHOOL.

4. HEALTH BENEFITS.

5. BETTER ATMOSPHERE FOR LEARNING.

6. MOOD ENHANCER.

7. SOCIAL COMMUNITIES STRENGTHENED.


WHAT ARE THE MAIN TYPES OF GREEN AREA?

GREEN AREAS ARE DIVIDED INTO TWO MAIN PARTS:

i. NATURAL GREEN AREA.


ii. ABNORMAL (UNNATURAL) GREEN AREA.
NATURAL
NATURAL GREEN AREA IS EXISTING IN NATURE AND NOT MADE OR
CAUSED BY PEOPLE ; COMING FROM NATURE, SUCH US:
a. FORESTS b. PLAINS c. MEADOW
d. GREEN VALLEY
MOST COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD HAVE FORESTS, IT IS THE BEST AND
THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR TO INCREASE THE PERCENTAGE OF
GREEN AREA, ACCORDING TO THE RESEARCHES EVERY COUNTRY
SHOULD HAVE 25 % OF FORESTED AREA TO GET THE BEST
ENVIRONMENT.
TOP 10 COUNTRIES WITH LARGEST FOREST AREA IN THE WORLD:

C A
B G COUNTRY AREA( KM2)
D
G H C A. Russia 7,762,846
B. Brazil 4,776,547
C. Canada 3,101,256
E D. USA 3,030,748
F E E. China 1,821,493
F. Congo 1,819,572
G. Australia 1,470,194
H. Argentina 945,638
I. Indonesia 884,946
J. India 778,485
“WHEN WE THINK OF BEAUTY IN NATURE,
WE MIGHT MOST IMMEDIATELY THINK OF
THINGS THAT DAZZLE THE SENSES – THE
PROMINENCE OF A MOUNTAIN, THE
EXPANSE OF THE SEA, THE UNFOLDING OF MICHAEL POPEJOY, FELLOW IN
THE LIFE OF A FLOWER. OFTEN IT IS THE DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY
MERELY THE PERCEPTION OF THESE
THINGS ITSELF WHICH GIVES US
PLEASURE”
TIP TIP
THE BIGGEST FOREST IS QATAR HAS NO FOREST 0.00 %
LOCATED IN RUSSIA.
ABNORMAL (UNNATURAL) GREEN AREA:
THIS IS MADE OR CAUSES BY HUMANS NOT NATURALLY, SUCH US :
a. PARKS c. GREEN BUILDING
b. PLANTING (TREE) d. INCREASING GRASS
STANDARD PERCENTAGE OF GREEN AREA IN THE WORLD
THE STANDARD PERCENTAGE OF GREEN AREA IN THE WORLD VARIES
ACCORDING TO EACH COUNTRY:

1. IN GENERAL THE STANDARD PERCENTAGE OF GREEN AREA IS BETWEEN 18 –


20 %.

2. THE STANDARD PERCENTAGE OF GREEN AREA FOR THOSE COUNTRIES ON


THE EQUATOR IS BETWEEN 25 – 30 %.

 VIENNA IS A CITY IN AUSTRIA WITH THE MOST GREEN AREA IN THE


WORLD WHICH IS 51 %.
WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE OF GREEN AREA IN KURDISTAN?

THE PERCENTAGE OF GREEN AREA IN KURDISTAN IS BETWEEN


9 – 10 % WHICH IS VERY LOW. THE SHORTAGE OF GREEN AREA IS DUE TO THE BROKEN
PROMISE OF THE COMPANY OWNERS WHO DO NOT PROVIDE A SPECIFIC PLACE FOR
GREEN AREA OR THEY PROVIDE IT BUT THEY POSTPONE THE CONSTRUCTION TO THE
FOLLOWING YEARS TO BUILD BUILDINGS IN THE PLACE OF GREEN AREA.
Percentage of Green Area in Kurdistan
% of green area

10
9.7

8.25

6.5

2003 2006 2009 2012 2014 2015

Years from the uprising of Kurdistan


HOW TO HAVE GREENERY AREA IN KURDISTAN?
1. KURDISH REGIONAL GOVERNMENT (KRG) SHOULD HAVE INTENSIVE
ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS ON EACH ENGINEERING PROJECTS.

2. KRG MUST FINE THOSE COMPANIES AND EVEN THE CITIZENS WHO DO NOT OBEY
THE ENVIRONMENTAL RULES.

3. KRG CAN BUY SOME LANDS OR OLD BUILDINGS TO BUILD GREENERY AREA IN THE
PLACE OF THEM.

4. THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION SHOULD PROVIDE A LECTURE ABOUT THE


ENVIRONMENT FROM THE KINDERGARTEN UNTIL UNIVERSITY TO HAVE EDUCATED
GENERATIONS WHO ARE FRIENDLY WITH THE ENVIRONMENT.
DR. JOHN HEINZE IN HIS RESEARCH FOUND
HOW MUCH ANY FOUR-PERSON FAMILY NEED
OXYGEN

“THE AMOUNT OF OXYGEN PRODUCED BY GREEN


SPACES IS PHENOMENAL – A 50 BY 50 FOOT LAWN
RELEASE ENOUGH OXYGEN FOR A FAMILY OF FOUR”

JOHN HEINZE, PH.D.


HOW TO INCREASE AND IMPROVE THE GREEN AREA?
1. TAKE CARE OF YOUR GRASS.

2. CHOOSE FLOWERS AND PLANTS THAT SUIT YOUR AREA’S CLIMATE.

3. PRUNE IS IMPORTANT TO MAINTAIN THE PLANTS BY CLIP, CROP, CUT BACK ….ETC.

4. ENRICH YOUR SOIL WITH A COMPOST PILE WHICH IS A NUTRIENT-FILLED


MATERIAL, HELPING THE SOIL TO RETAIN MOISTURE.

5. PLANT A TREE.
HOW TO INCREASE AND IMPROVE THE GREEN AREA?
6. GREEN BUILDING (GREEN CONSTRUCTION OR SUSTAINABLE
BUILDING): A GREEN BUILDING IS AN ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE
BUILDING, DESIGNED, CONSTRUCTED AND OPERATED TO MINIMIZE THE
TOTAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS.

THE MAIN STRATEGIES TO ACHIEVE A GREEN BUILDING INCLUDE:

1. REDUCED ENERGY CONSUMPTION


2. WATER CONSERVATION
3. RECYCLING WASTE
HOW TO INCREASE AND IMPROVE THE GREEN AREA?
7. GREEN ROOF (LIVING ROOF): IS A ROOF OF A BUILDING THAT IS PARTIALLY OR
COMPLETELY COVERED WITH VEGETATION AND A GROWING MEDIUM, PLANTED
OVER A WATERPROOFING MEMBRANE. IT MAY ALSO INCLUDE ADDITIONAL LAYERS
SUCH AS A ROOT BARRIER AND DRAINAGE AND IRRIGATION SYSTEMS.
Any question? Thanks for listening