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BASIC TISSUES

David Pakaya

Bagian Histologi
Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan
Universitas Tadulako
 Jaringan adalah sekumpulan sel dengan struktur dan
fungsinya yang sama

 Ada 4 jaringan dasar


 Jaringan epitel
 Jaringan otot
 Jaringan ikat
 Jaringan saraf
Tissue Type Broad Function

Act as protective linings and coverings. In some locales,


absorption and secretion are important functions of these lining and
Epithelia
covering cells. As secretory cells, epithelia form most glandular
structures of the body.
Serve as connective and supportive tissues that bind and hold
body structures together. Specialized fluid connective tissue types
Connective
serve as liquid media important in transport, exchange, and body
defense.
Tissues with the unique capability to contract or shorten. This
Muscle enables muscle types to be involved in functions of support and
movement.
Nerve cells are specialized for conduction. Nervous tissues
therefore serve as the complex telecommunications network of the
body. These tissues act in a sensory capacity, to receive,
Nervous
disseminate, and store information collected from receptors. In a
motor capacity, nervous tissues provide response potential by
controlling effectors such as muscles or glands.
JARINGAN EPITEL
Jaringan Epitel
 Bearada pada jaringan ikat (Lamina propria)
 Semua epitel menempel pada lamina basalis
 Beberapa memiliki aksesori

Fungsi:
 Pelindung/pelapis (Mis. Kulit)
 Absopsi (Mis.Usus)
 Sekresi (Mis. Kelenjar)
 Kontrektilitas (Mis. Mioepitel)
Klasifikasi berdasarkan ciri morfologi

Sel selapis
Berdasarkan
jumlah lapisan
Sel Berlapis
Klasifikasi berdasarkan ciri morfologi

Gepeng

Berdasarkan
Kuboid
Bentuk Sel

Silindris
Klasifikasi berdasarkan ciri morfologi

Mikrovili

Berdasarkan
Ada tidaknya Stereosilia
organ asesori

Silia
Linings and Simple Epithelia Squamous
Tissues of Epithelial Coverings Cuboidal
the Human Tissues Columnar
Body: An Pseudostratified
Introduction Classifying Stratified Epithelia Squamous
Introduction or Naming Transitional
Epithelia Cuboidal and
Columnar
Glands Exocrine Glands Ducts and
Tubules
Endocrine Glands
Simple Squamosum Epithelium
 alveoli and capillaries of lungs
where gas exchange occurs
 kidney glomerulus and tubules
where filtration and diffusion
processes form urine
 capillaries where diffusion and
osmosis occur
 ventral body cavities as
mesothelium of serous membranes
 all vessels and the heart as
endothelium
Capillaries

Endothelium alveoli kidney


Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
 secretory portions exocrine and endocrine
glands
 ducts of many exocrine glands
 kidney tubules

Exocrine

tubules
duct
Simple Columnar Epithelium
 ducts of exocrine glands
 larger tubules or collecting ducts of the
kidney
 stomach, small intestine, and large
intestine
 smaller respiratory tubes or bronchioles
 fallopian tubes
 goblet cells

small intestine goblet cell


Pseudostratified Ephitelium/berlapis semu
 Epitel Olfaktorius

Nasal cavity
Stratificatum Squamosum Epithelium
 the oral cavity
 esophagus to the stomach
junction
 anus and rectum
 vagina and cervix

esophagus
Stratificatum Squamosum Epithelium With Cornificatum

 Thick skin has many layers of these dead  Thin skin has fewer layers of living and dead
cells cemented together. cells but same structure.
Transitional Epithelium
 Transitional epithelium in the
bladder!
 Transitional epithelium in the
urethra

bladder urethra
Klasifikasi Kelenjar Eksokrin
Berdasarkan:
1. Struktur:
* Jumlah sel: - Uniseluler
- Multiseluler
* Duktus: - Simpleks, tidak bercabang
* Bentuk sel untuk sekresi: - Asinus
- Tubulus
2. Produk sekret :
* Mucous → Mucin (sel goblet)
* Serous → Glikogen ( acinus pankreas)
* Seromucous → Saliva (Gld. Submandibularis)
3. Cara pelepasan sekret:
* Merocrine → Eksositosis, membran sel
tidak rusak (Pankreas)

* Apocrine → Membran plasma di bagian


apeks rusak (Gld. Sudorifera)

* Holocrine → Sel rusak total (Gld. Sebasea)

* Endocrine → Sekret dikeluarkan langsung


ke dalam pembuluh darah
Pembentukan Kelenjar
Jenis Kelenjar Eksokrin
Penggolongan Fungsional kelenjar eksokrin
JARINGAN IKAT
Jaringan Ikat
 Membentuk dan mempertahankan bentuk tubuh
 Dibentuk oleh Matriks ekstrasel (ECM)  kolagen, retikuler
dan elastin
Jaringan ikat
• Fungsi
1. Melindungi organ
2. Menyalurkan nutrisi
3. Penyokong organ internal
4. Melekatkan dan Melindungi otot dan sendi
Jaringan ikat
Fluid Connective Lymph
Connective Tissues Blood
Tissues of Tissues Loose Connective Areolar
the Human Connective Tissues Tissues
Body: An Proper Loose Connective Adipose
Introduction Tissues and Reticular
Inflammation
Introduction
Regular(collagen)
Dense Connective Irregular(collagen)
Tissues
Regular(elastic)
Osseous Tissue Compact
Supportive Cancellous
Connective Tissues Cartilage Hyaline
Elastic
Fibrocartilage
Textus connectivus collagenosus compactus
Dense Regular Connective Tissue— irregularis - Skin
Tendon
SPECIAL CONNECTIVE TISSUES
1) Cartilage
• Functions (jobs):
1) provides strength with flexibility while
resisting wear, i.e. epiglottis,
external ear, larynx
2) cushions and shock absorbs where
bones meet, i.e. intervertebral
discs, joint capsules
SPECIAL CONNECTIVE TISSUES
2) Bone
 Functions (jobs):
1) provides framework and strength for
body
2) allows movement
3) stores calcium
4) contains blood-forming cells
Blood

 Functions (jobs):
1) transports oxygen, carbon
dioxide, and nutrients around
the body

2) immune response
JARINGAN SARAF
Jaringan saraf
 Nervous:
 Nerve cells are specialized for
conduction.
 Serve  telecommunications
network of the body.
 These tissues act in a sensory
capacity, to receive, disseminate,
and store information collected
from receptors.
 In a motor capacity,  response
potential by controlling effectors
such as muscles or glands.
Jaringan Saraf
 Functions (jobs):
 Conducts impulses to and from body organs via
neurons

 The 3 Elements of Nervous Tissue


 1) Brain
 2) Spinal cord
 3) Nerves
Jaringan Saraf

Nissl substance

Multipolar Nerve Cells—Spinal Cord Multipolar Nerve Cells—Cerebral Cortex


In the cytoplasm (perikaryon) of nerve cells and in the dendrites, basic dyesbring Camillo Golgi (1883) developed the method of silver
out fine or coarse granules, which are called Nissl bodies (chromophilicor Nissl impregnation
substance) after their discoverer (cf. Fig. 20).
8/22/2018 nur anisah
JARINGAN OTOT
Jaringan Otot
Muscle
 Tissues withthe unique capability to contract or shorten.
 This enables muscle types to be involved in functions
of support and movement.

Tissues of the Muscle Tissues Non-striated Smooth Muscle


Human Body: An Striated Skeletal Muscle
Introduction Cardiac Muscle
Introduction
Jaringan Otot
The 3 Types of Muscle Tissue
1. Smooth Muscle – organ walls and blood vessel
walls, involuntary, spindle-shaped cells for
pushing things through organs
2. Skeletal Muscle – large body muscles,
voluntary, striated muscle packed in
bundles and attached to bones for movement
3. Cardiac Muscle – heart wall, involuntary, striated
muscle with intercalated discs connecting cells
for synchronized contractions during heart beat.
Jaringan Otot Skelet
Jaringan Otot Polos
Jaringan Otot Jantung
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