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parameters X1

SUM2 X4 X3
R1 K1 = 1 GAIN SUM2
{R2}
Fp=10k K2 = 1 K = A2 K1 = -1
Wp=Fp*6.28 K1 K2 = 1 RHPP
C1 R3
C1=10n {C2} SUM2
4
ac GAIN
3
K1 {R1}
A1=1.067 ac K2 SUM2
1 2 7 9
A2=A1-1 VRHPZ 8
K2
R2
R1=(A1-1)/(w p*C1) {R1} C3
Wz=Wp 10n
E1
C2=10n 10k
GAIN 6

R2=1/(C2*Wz) V1 C2
AC = 1 10n
X2
GAIN
K = A1

RHPZ generation RHPP generation


2 vdbrhpz 3 ph_vrhpz 4 vdbrhpp 5 ph_vrhpp

0 22.5

-20.0 17.5
phase
ph_vrhpz in degrees

vdbrhpz in db(volts)
Plot1

-40.0 12.5

-60.0 7.50

-80.0 2.50 RHP Zero


magnitude 3

0 90.0
magnitude 5
RHP Pole
ph_vrhpp in degrees

-5.00 70.0
vdbrhpp in db(volts)
Plot2

-10.0 50.0

-15.0 30.0

-20.0 10.0 phase 4

10 100 1k 10k 100k


frequency in hertz
param eters X1
SUM2 X4 X3
R1 K1 = 1 GAIN SUM2
{R2}
Fp=10k K2 = 1 K = A2 K1 = -1
Wp=Fp*6.28 K1 K2 = 1 RHPP
C1 R3
C1=10n {C2} SUM2
4
GAIN
3
K1 {R1}
A1=1.067 ac K2 SUM2
1 2 7 9
A2=A1-1 8
K2
R2
R1=(A1-1)/(w p*C1) {R1} C3
Wz=Wp 10n
E1
C2=10n 10k
GAIN 6

R2=1/(C2*Wz) V1 C2
AC = 1 10n
X2
GAIN
K = A1

Both are in series and driven by a square-


wave signal.
3 vrhpp 5 v(ac)

20.0

10.0

Vin
5
vrhpp, v(ac) in volts
Plot1

-10.0

Vout

-20.0

3
21.4u 64.3u 107u 150u 193u
time in seconds
L1
46.6u 14.9V
parameters 3 11

v out

c
rLf 48.0V
Vout=48V

p
10m Vout
Ibias=1m

PWM switch VM
Rupper=(48-2.5)/Ibias 14.9V
15.0V
Rlower=2.5/Ibias 7
R10 18m
18m 65m
fc=1k Vin
R11
15

d
Gfc=3.3 48.0V 16 23
X3 12 C5
689mV
G=10^(-Gfc/20) PWMVM 3000uF
pi=3.14159 L = 46.6u
Fs = 300k

fz1=89
fz2=89 v out
fp1=3k
fp2=40k

GAIN
X1 C2
GAIN {C2} 48.0V
C3=1/(2*pi*fz1*Rupper) K = 0.5 R7
R3 =1/(2*pi*fp2*C3) {R3}
C1 R2 R1
2 {C1} {R2} {Rupper} 1.38V
8
C1=1/(2*pi*fz2*R2) 9
2.50V C3
2.50V
C2=1/(2*pi*(fp1)*R2) 5 {C3}
LoL
a=fc^4+fc^2*fz1^2+fc^2*fz2^2+fz1^2*fz2^2 1kH
1 2.50V
c=fp2^2*fp1^2+fc^2*fp2^2+fc^2*fp1^2+fc^4 1.38V
6
Rlower
CoL Verr
R2=sqrt(c/a)*G*fc*R3/fp1 X2 V2 {Rlower}
1kF AMPSIMP
0V 2.5
10
fz1x=1/(2*pi*C1*R2)
Vstim
fz2x=1/(2*pi*C3*(Rupper+R3))
AC = 1
fp1x=1/(2*pi*(C1*C2/(C1+C2))*R2)
fp2x=1/(2*pi*C3*R3)

Compensated boost in voltage mode


5 vdbout 6 ph_vout

50.0 0 Double pole Power stage response

30.0 -40.0
ph_vout in degrees
vdbout in db(volts)
Plot1

10.0 -80.0

-10.0 -120

5
Zero ESR
-30.0 -160

RHPZ
6
10 100 1k 10k 100k
frequency in hertz
6 vdberr 8 ph_verr

40.0 180 Compensated


boost

20.0 90.0
ph_verr in degrees
vdberr in db(volts)

PM = 74°
Plot1

0 0

-20.0 -90.0

-40.0 -180

10 100 1k 10k 100k


frequency in hertz
8 imag

40.0
Nyquist, from PWM in to
error voltage out, loop
gain.

20.0

-1, j0
Nyquist
imag

0 8

-20.0

-40.0

-40.0 -20.0 0 20.0 40.0


real
parameters

Vout=48V
Ibias=1m
Rupper=(48-2.5)/Ibias
Rlower=2.5/Ibias
fc=1k
Gfc=3.3

L=46.6u
Rload=23
D=0.689 L1
46.6u 14.9V
3 11
G=10^(-Gfc/20)
pi=3.14159 vout

c
rLf

p
10m

PWM switch VM
fz1=89
fz2=89 14.9V
15.0V
R10 18m
fp1=3k 7
18m
Vin 65m
fp2=40k 15
R11

d
48.0V 16 23
689mV
C3=1/(2*pi*fz1*Rupper) X3 C5 X5
PWMVM DIN X4
R3 =1/(2*pi*fp2*C3) 3000uF GAIN SUM2
L = 46.6u K = A2
Fs = 300k K1 = -1
C1=1/(2*pi*fz2*R2) K2 = 1
46.2mV R3
C2=1/(2*pi*(fp1)*R2) PWM PWM G AIN
14
K1 {R100}
689mV 689mV
SU M2 DIN
vout 17
735mV
a=fc^4+fc^2*fz1^2+fc^2*fz2^2+fz1^2*fz2^2 15
K2
R4
c=fp2^2*fp1^2+fc^2*fp2^2+fc^2*fp1^2+fc^4 {R100}
G AIN
X1 C2 C6
GAIN {C2} 48.0V 689mV 10n
R2=sqrt(c/a)*G*fc*R3/fp1 K = 0.5 R7 G AIN 18

{R3}
C1 R2 R1 C4
fz1x=1/(2*pi*C1*R2) {C1} {R2} {Rupper} 1.38V 10n
8 X6
fz2x=1/(2*pi*C3*(Rupper+R3)) 9
2.50V C3 GAIN
2.50V K = A1
fp1x=1/(2*pi*(C1*C2/(C1+C2))*R2) 5 {C3}
fp2x=1/(2*pi*C3*R3) LoL
1kH
48.0V
Vin 2 1
fzz=Rload*(1-D)^2/(2*pi*L) 1.38V
2.50V
6

Vout Rlower
Fpp=Fzz CoL X2 {Rlower}
1kF V2
W pp=Fpp*6.28 0V AMPSIMP 2.5
C100=10n 10

A1=1.067 Vstim
AC = 1
A2=A1-1
R100=(A1-1)/(wpp*C100)
W zz=W pp
C200=10n
R200=1/(C200*W zz)

Now, the RHPP is placed in series with the


compensation path and is located exactly at the RHPZ
place.
2 phase 3 gain

180 40.0
Loop gain Bode
response with RHPP in

90.0 20.0
phase in degrees

PM = 83°
gain in db(volts)

2
Plot1

0 0

-90.0 -20.0

-180 -40.0

3
10 100 1k 10k 100k
frequency in hertz
8 imag 9 imag#1

Nyquist, from PWM in to


40.0
error voltage out, loop
gain, RHPP in. In dash, the
update diagram
20.0
imag#1, imag
Nyquist

0 8
9

-20.0

-40.0

-40.0 -20.0 0 20.0 40.0


real#1, real
11 ph_vout 12 vdbout#a

10.0 0
Output 11

impedance,
same without
0 -20.0
RHPP
vdbout#a in db(volts)

ph_vout in degrees
Plot1

-10.0 -40.0

-20.0 -60.0

-30.0 -80.0

12
10 100 1k 10k 100k
frequency in hertz
11 voutx

60.0 Vout, no
transient step

40.0
voutx in volts
Plot1

20.0

11

-20.0

131u 392u 653u 914u 1.18m


time in seconds