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Gender Equality

Population
Population: Gender Equality

OVERVIEW

• Stereotypes
• History of women’s rights
• Statistics
• Solutions
Population: Gender Equality

STEREOTYPES

• Stereotypes are oversimplified ideas of a


particular type of person (or idea, or place) that
many people believe are true.

• They are often negative.


Population: Gender Equality

GENDER STEREOTYPES
Population: Gender Equality

GENDER STEREOTYPES

• More examples:

– “Like a girl”

– “Be a man”
Population: Gender Equality

HISTORY

• Women were seen as less than men


• Thy husband is thy lord, thy life, thy keeper, Thy
head, thy sovereign . . .
• Women couldn’t stand up
for themselves
Population: Gender Equality

THE SUFFRAGETTES

• Women could not vote before 1920s


• In the 1860s they formed ‘Suffragette’ Societies
to bring the unfairness of this to light
Population: Gender Equality

THE SUFFRAGETTES

• The Suffragettes were not welcomed


Population: Gender Equality

VOTES FOR WOMEN

• In 1918 Women finally got the vote, but not fully


until the 1920s – and still not everybody agreed
with this.

A 1920 anti-Suffragettes postcard


Population: Gender Equality

AFTER THE VOTE

1920: Women could become lawyers


1922: Women could inherit property
1929: Women became ‘persons’ by law
1970: Equal Pay Act makes it illegal to pay women at
different rates
1980 : Women allowed to borrow in their own
name
1994: It becomes illegal for a husband to rape his
wife
Population: Gender Equality

SOME STATISTICS

• Are we equal?

• The workplace:
• Women earn less (10% for full-time and 34% for part-
time work)
• 70% of minimum wage jobs are done by women
• 55% of women take part in the labour market
Population: Gender Equality

SOME STATISTICS

• One area of gender equality - body image :

• Feeling bad about their appearance made 16% of girls


avoid going to school and 20% avoid giving an opinion
in public
• 20% of boys are extremely concerned about their
weight, leading to depression and / or drug use
(increasing use of steroids in young men leading to
many side effects)
Population: Gender Equality

SOME STATISTICS

• Education:
• 20% of girls put off science because it’s “for boys”
• 90% of nurses are female (but men earn 5% more)
• Sexual violence:
• 1 in 3 teen girls experienced sexual violence from a
boyfriend
• 1 in 3 girls experience sexual bullying in school on a
daily basis
Population: Gender Equality

GENDER IS ALL AROUND US…


Population: Gender Equality

THEN AND NOW


Population: Gender Equality

GENDER IN MODERN ADVERTISING

Current public transport ad

2012 Chinos advertisement


Population: Gender Equality

TOP GOOGLE SEARCHES…

• How to change the conversation?


Population: Gender Equality

TASKS

• These facts and images have ALL been drawn from


‘developed’ westernised countries

• Look for examples of equality / inequality in other areas


of the world

• Look for strategies that are working